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State 



/^ ^Department of 

Economic & 
Community 
velopment 




Harry Hughes 

Office of the Secretary Governor 

___,. _. _ James Roberson 

2525 Riva Road. Annapolis. Maryland 21401 • 301-269-3174 Secretary 



January 10, 1981 



The Honorable Harry Hughes 
Governor of Maryland 
State House 
Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Hughes: 

I am pleased to transmit to you the "1980 Maryland Statistical 
Abstract" which was prepared and published by the Department as part of 
its continuing effort to maintain, on as current a basis as feasible, a 
data base on which sound decisions affecting the welfare of our citizens 
can be made by government and private enterprise. 

This publication provides a statistical record of the composi- 
tion, changes and trends in population, incomes and employment in business 
and industry, government receipts and expenditures, agriculture, natural 
resources, and many other aspects of life in Maryland. Hopefully, State 
and local government agencies, individuals, and business firms will find 
the data useful to them. To that end, the user will note that this edi- 
tion is being distributed now rather than on a biennial schedule as was 
the case with earlier volumes. 



We believe this edition to be the most complete compendium of 
Staee data yet produced in Maryland. In updating and expanding the cov- 
erage of the last Statistical Abstract, we have added pages of newly 
developed data and an enlarged section on education. Also, preliminary 
data from the 1980 Census of Population and Housing are included. In 
the Appendix to this volume, we have reproduced a number of historical 
time series, by month, of significant economic indicators. 

Great care has been taken to insure the usefulness and accuracy 
of this publication. As with previous editions, this report has benefited 
from suggestions and comments from interested users. We anticipate a con- 
tinuation of such support in the future. 

Sincerely, 



^""^ James 0. Roberson 



H 






Telephone Number for Hearing Impaired: 
269-2609 Annapolis Area 
565-0450 Toll-free Washington Area 



An Equal Opportunity Employer 






TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

POLITICAL SUBDIVISION MAP OF MARYLAND 1 

Table No. 

1 Geographical Regions of Maryland Grouped by Political 
Subdivisions 2 

2 Maryland Highlights 3 

3a Selected Indicators for the Baltimore SMSA by 

Political Subdivisions ». 6 

3b Selected Indicators for the Washington, D.C. SMSA by 

Political Subdivisions 9 

3c Selected Indicators for Western Maryland by 

Political Subdivisions 12 

3d Selected Indicators for Southern Maryland by 

Political Subdivisions 15 

3e Selected Indicators for the Upper Eastern Shore by 

Political Subdivisions 18 

3f Selected Indicators for the Lower Eastern Shore by 

Political Subdivisions 21 

POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 24 

4 Population; State of Maryland and Political Subdivisions, 

Rank by Percent of Change: April 1, 1980 and April 1, 1970. . 26 

5 Population of the 50 States and the District of Columbia 

Rank by Percent of Change: 1979 and 1970 27 

6 Population Density in the United States, by State: 1978. ... 28 

7 Population Density of Maryland Subdivisions; Ranked by 
Density: April 1, 1980 29 

8 Maryland Population Growth: 1890 - 1980 30 

9 Ethnic Characteristics of the Population of Maryland: 1970. . 31 



Table No. Page 

10 Components of Population Change Due to Migration and 

Natural Increase by Political Subdivision: 1970-1979 .... 32 

11 Migration to and from Maryland: 1965-1970 by State 33 

12 Population, State of Maryland, by Race and Political Sub- 
division: July 1, 19 78 and April 1, 1970 34 

13 Estimated Maryland Population by Sex and Race and 

Detailed Age Group, July 1, 1978 35 

14 Estimated White Population, by Age Group and Political 
Subdivision: July 1, 1978 36 

15 Estimated Maryland All Other Races Population, by Age 

Group and Political Subdivision: July 1, 1978 37 

16 Comparative Population Estimates and Vital Statistics Data, 

by Race for Maryland Regions: 1977 38 

17 Marriage by Resident Status and Type of Ceremony, by 
Political Subdivision of Occurrence: 1977 39 

18 Birth and Birth Rates by Race for Maryland and Political 

"» Subdivisions: 197 7 . . . 40 

19 Absolute Divorces and Annulments by Legal Grounds for Decree 

and Political Subdivisions of Occurrence: 1977 41 

20 Selected Mortality Data by Race, Maryland and the United 
States: 1977 42 

21 Deaths for Ten Leading Causes, by Sex and Race, 

Maryland: 1977 43 

22 Deaths and Death Rates by Race for Maryland and Political 
Subdivisions: 1977 44 

EDUCATION 45 

23 Number of Public Schools in Maryland, by Political Sub- 
divisions: September 30, 1979 46 

24 Enrollment in Public and Nonpublic Schools, All Levels, 
Maryland: 1979, 1978 and 1977 „ 47 

25 Number of Pupils Attending Public Schools in Maryland, 

by Political Subdivision: 1979, 1978 and 1974 „ 48 

26 Average Number of Pupils Belonging per Teacher and 
Principal, Maryland Public Schools, by Political Sub- 
division: 1978-1979 School Year 49 



ii 



Table No. Page 

27 Elementary and Secondary Teachers and Principals in 
Maryland Public Schools, by Political Subdivision: 

1980 and 1977 ' 50 

28 Cost per Pupil Belonging: Current Expenses, Maryland Public 
Schools, by Political Subdivision: 1979-80 School Year. . . 51 

29 Average Salary per Teacher and Principal, Maryland Public 
Schools, by Political Subdivision: 1978-79 School Year. . . 52 

30 Holding Power of Public High Schools in Maryland, by 
Political Subdivision: 1969-1979 53 

31 Public High School Graduates in Maryland and Percent 
Intending to Continue Education, by Political Subdivision: 

1979, 1978 and 1976 54 

32 Source of Current Funds and Disbursements, Maryland 

Public Schools: School Year 1979-80 55 

33 Capital Expenditures, Maryland Public Schools, by 

Political Subdivision: 1978-79 School Year 56 

34 Enrollment in State Accredited Two Year Colleges: 1979. . . 57 

35 Enrollment in State Accredited Four Year Colleges and 
Universities: 1979 58 

36 Four Year State Accredited Colleges and Universities 

in Maryland: Degrees Granted July 1978-June 1979 59 

37 Faculty in Public Institutions of Higher Education: 1978. . 62 

38 Average Salaries of Faculty in Public Institutions of 

Higher Education: 1978 64 

39 Federal Obligations to Universities and Colleges in 

Maryland by Type of Activity: FY 1978 66 

40 Federal Obligations to Universities and Colleges in 

Maryland by Agency: FY 1978 67 

HEALTH SERVICES 68 

41 Distribution of Physicians, and Number of Beds in Hospitals 

in Maryland, by Political Subdivision 69 

42 Patient Population, State Psychiatric Inpatient Facilities, 
Fiscal Years 1974-1980 70 



iii 



Table No. Page 

CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 71 

43 Location of Maryland Weather Stations for Which Clima- 
tological Data are Presented 73 

44 Spring and Fall Freeze Data Based on Thirty Year Periods 
1941-1970, and Average Length of Freeze-Free Periods .... 75 

45 Average Temperature, Precipitation and Snowfall at Selected 
Locations Within the State of Maryland: 1941-1970 77 

46 Cloud Cover Conditions in Maryland, Sunrise to Sunset, by 
Region, Normal Annual Period and Total Days Per Month 
1977-1980 90 

NATURAL RESOURCES 92 

47 Commercial Forest Land Area by Stand-Size Class in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United States: 
January 1, 1977 93 

48 Forest Land Area in Maryland and Neighboring States and 

the Continental United States: January 1, 1977 93 

49 Commercial Forest Land Ownership by Type of Owner in 
Maryland and Neighboring States and teh Continental United 
States: January 1, 1977 94 

50 Net Volume of Growing Stock and Sawtimber on Commercial 
Forest Land by Ownership and Net Annual Growth in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United 

States: 1977 95 

51 Net Volume of Live Sawtimber in Sawtimber Stands on 
Commercial Forest Land in Maryland and Neighboring States 

and the Continental United States: 1977 96 

52 Net Volume of Sawtimber on Commercial Timber land in Maryland, 

by Species as of January 1, 1977 97 

53 Annual Cut and Net Annual Growth of Growing Stock on 
Commercial Forest Land, Maryland, by Species Group: 1976. . 98 

54 Annual Cut and Net Annual Growth of Live Sawtimber on 
Commercial Forest Land, Maryland, by Species Group: 1976 98 

55 Volume of Forest Products Harvested in Maryland: 1978 ... 99 

56 Number of Forest Fires and Area Burned in Maryland, by 
Political Subdivision: 1979 and 1978 100 



iv 



Table No. Page 

57 Forest Fires in Maryland by Cause, by Political Subdivision: 
1979 101 

58 Number of Commercial Fishermen and Gear in Maryland: 

1976, 1975 and 1974 102 

59 Fish Catch in Maryland, by Quantity: 1979 and 1978 103 

60 Fish Catch in Maryland, by Value: 1979 and 1978 105 

61 Seafood Processed Products, Maryland: 1978, 1977 and 1974 . 107 

62 Hunting and Fishing License Sales, Maryland: Fiscal Years 

1979, 1978 and 1977 108 

63 Mineral Production in Maryland 1978 and 1977 109 

64 Value of Mineral Production in Maryland, by Political 
Subdivision: 1976 and 1975 110 

LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT, AND UNEMPLOYMENT 111 

65 Civilian Labor Force, Total Employment and Unemployment 

in Maryland by Region and Political Subdivision: 1979 ... 112 

66 Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Annual Average Employment 

in Maryland: 1979, 1978 and 1977 by Place of Work 113 

67 Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Annual Average Employment 
Baltimore SMSA: 1979, 1978 and 1977 by Place of Work. ... 114 

68 Percentage Distribution of Nonagricultural Wage and 

Salary Employment in Maryland: 1979, 1978 and 1977 115 

69 Nonagricultural, Non-Manufacturing Wage and Salary Annual 
Average Employment in Maryland: 1979 and 1977 

by Place of Work 116 

70 Percentage Distribution in Major Categories of Non- 
agricultural Wage and Salary Employment by Political 
Subdivision and the Baltimore SMSA: 1978 by Place of Work . 117 

71 Percentage Distribution of Major Categories of Selected 
Nonraanufacturing Employment: 1977 by Political Subdivision. 118 

72 Federal Civilian Employment by Political Subdivision 

December 31, 1979 119 

73 Federal Civilian Government Employment by State, 

December 31, 1979 120 



Table No. Page 

74 Proportion of Labor Force Working Outside County of 
Residence: 1960 and 1970 121 

75 Destination of Commuters, by Political Subdivision: 1970. . 122 

76 Armed Services Personnel in Maryland and United States: 
September 30, 1979 128 

77 Weekly Average of State Insured Unemployed, by Industry 
Attachment and by Sex: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 129 

78 Employment Security Administration Summary of State 
Activities: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 130 

79 Nonagricultural Employment Service Activities Relating to 

All Persons and Veterans: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978. ... 131 

80 Distribution of Maryland State Employees, by Political 
Subdivision: November 1980 132 

81 Distribution of Maryland State Highway Administration 
Employees, by Working Locations: November 1980 133 

82 Work Stoppages in Maryland and United States: 1970-1978 . . 134 
MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 135 

83 Number of Employees in Manufacturing, Maryland 

and Selected Other Areas: 1963-1977 136 

84 Manufacturing Employment in Maryland by Standard Industrial 
Classification, by Place of Work, Annual Averages: 1979, 

1978 and 1977 Ranked by Number of Employees in 1979 137 

85 Manufacturing Employment in the Baltimore SMSA by Selected 
Standard Industrial Classification Annual Averages: 1979, 

1978 and 1977 Ranked by Number of Employees in 1979 138 

86 Labor and Proprietors Income from Manufacturing and 
Nonmanufacturing Industries in Maryland: 1977-1979 139 

87 Manufacturing Payrolls in Maryland, Rank by Dollar Value 

in 1978: 1978 and 1977 140 

88 Number of Manufacturing Firms in Maryland, by Political 
Subdivision: 1979, 1978, 1970, 1960, 1950 141 

89 Labor and Proprietors Income from the Manufacturing Industry, 
Maryland and Selected Eastern States: 1979 and 1977 .... 142 



VI 



90 Number of Employees Engaged in Manufacturing, Maryland and 
Selected Eastern States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of 

Growth in Total Employees: 1977 and 1972 143 

91 Value Added by Manufacture, Maryland and Selected Eastern 
States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of Growth: 1977 and 

1972 '. 144 

92 Value Added by Principal Manufacturing Industries in 
Maryland, Rank by Dollar Volume: 1977 and 1972 145 

93 Average Weekly and Average Hourly Earnings in Manufacturing 
Industries in Maryland by Place of Work: 1979 and 1978, 

Rank by 1979 Dollar Value of Average Weekly Earnings .... 146 

147 

Estimated Travel Expenditures and Travel Generated 

Employment in Maryland, by Political Subdivision: 1976. . . 148 

95 Trade Activity in Maryland, Establishments with Payroll 

Only: 1977 149 

96 Trade Activity in Maryland, Number of Establishments and 

Total Sales or Receipts: 1977 and 1972 150 

97 Maryland Retail Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1977 ... 153 

98 Maryland Retail Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1972 . . . 154 

99 Maryland Wholesale Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1977. . 155 

100 Maryland Wholesale Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1972. . 156 

101 Selected Services in Maryland by Political Subdivision: 

1977 157 

102 Selected Services in Maryland by Political Subdivision: 

1972 ' 158 

103 Number of Establishments, by Selected Kind-Of- Business 
Group, Maryland Selected Services by Political Subdivision: 

1977 ..." 159 

104 Number of Establishments, by Kind of Business Group, 
Maryland Selected Services by Political Subdivision With 

500 or More Establishments: 1977 160 

105 Number of Establishments, by Kind of Business Group, 
Maryland Selected Services, by Political Subdivision With 

300 or More Establishments: 1972 161 



vii 



Table Page 

PERSONAL INCOME 162 

106 Gross State Product, Maryland, Current and Constant 

Dollars: 1950-1979 163 

107 Total Personal Income, United States and the 51 Political 
Jurisdictions, Rank Order: 1979 164 

108 Per Capita Income by Political Jurisdiction and the United 
States, Rank Order: 1979 165 

109 Total Personal Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern 

States: 1979 and 1977 166 

110 Per Capita Personal Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern 
States: 1979 and 1977 167 

111 Personal Income by Major Source, Maryland: 1979 and 1977. . 168 

112 Personal Income and Per Capita Personal Income, by 

Political Subdivision: 1978 and 1973 169 

113 Consumer Spendable Income Rank Order for States: 1979 . . . 170 

114 Buying Power, by Political Subdivision: 1979 171 

115 Estimated Per Capita and Average Household Consumer 
Spendable Income by Political Subdivision, Ranked by Per 

Capita Consumer Spendable Income: 1979 172 

116 Average Household Consumer Spendable Income, Maryland and 
Selected Eastern States: 1979 173 

117 Retail Sales Per Household Rank Order for States: 1979. . . 174 

118 Retail Sales in Maryland, by Political Subdivision: 1979. . 175 

119 Families Below Poverty Level in Maryland by Political 
Subdivision: 1969 176 

120 Transfer Payments by State for 1977 177 

CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 179 

121 Consumer Price Indices All Items, U.S., Baltimore, Md. , and 
Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Areas: 1975-1979 180 

122 Urban Worker's Family Budget, Baltimore Metropolitan Area 

and Selected U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Autumn 1979 180 



Vlll 



Table Page 

123 Consumer Price Index, United States, Baltimore, Md . and 
Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Areas, All Items, Food, 
Housing, and Medical Care Components: Annual Averages 1977, 
1978, 1979 and September 1980 181 

124 Indices of Average Earnings of Workers in Selected 
Occupational Groups, and Relative Advance in 29 Metro- 
politan Areas: January-December 1978 182 

STATE FINANCE 183 

125 State of Maryland, Combined Summary of Revenues, Expenditures, 
Other Sources and Uses of Financial Resources and Changes in 
Fund Balances: Fiscal Years 1979, 1977 and 1975 184 

126 Retail Sales Tax Receipts, Maryland, Rank Order by Major 

Class of Business: Fiscal Year 1979 185 

127 Retail Sales Tax Receipts by Major Categories, 

by Political Subdivision: Fiscal Year 1979 186 

128 Retail Sales and Use Tax Receipts, by Subdivision: 

Fiscal Years 1979 and 1974 187 

129 Percentage Distribution of Local Government Revenues and 
Current Expenses: Fiscal Year 1979, by Political 
Subdivision 188 

130 General Revenue Sharing Payments to Maryland, Baltimore 
City and All Counties: Entitlement Period 11 and 
Entitlement Period 10 190 

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 191 

131 All Active Banks in Maryland, Summary of Assets and 
Liabilities: 1976, 1977 and 1978 192 

132 All Active National BanVs in Maryland, Summary of 

Assets and Liabilities: 1976, 1977, and 1978 193 

133 All Active State Banks and Trust Companies in Maryland, 
Summary of Assets and Liabilities: 1976, 1977, and 1978 . . 194 

134 All Active Mutual Savings Banks in Maryland, Summary 

of Assets and Liabilities: 1976, 1977, and 1978 194 

135 Credit Unions in Maryland: 1976, 1977, and 1978 195 

136 Consumer Loan and Small Loan Licensees in Maryland: 

1979 and 1978 195 



ix 



Table No, 



Page 



137 Combined Statement of Condition of All Building, Savings, 
and Loan Associations Domiciled in Maryland as of December 

31, 1979 196 

LIFE INSURANCE 198 

138 Life Insurance in Force in Maryland: 1978 199 

139 Purchases of Ordinary Life Insurance, Maryland: 1972-1978 . 199 
MASS MEDIA 200 

140 Television Stations in Maryland: 1980 202 

141 Television Broadcast Revenues, Expenses and Income by 

Market, Baltimore and Washington, D.C.: 1978 203 

142 AM and AM/FM Broadcast Revenues, Expenses and Income, 

Maryland and Baltimore Metropolitan Area: 1978 204 

143 AM Radio Stations in Maryland: 1980 205 

144 FM Radio Stations in Maryland: 1980 207 

145 Daily Newspapers of General Circulation in Maryland: 1980 . 209 

146 Weekly Newspapers of General Circulation in Maryland: 1980. 209 

147 Newspaper Circulation by Source of Daily Paper, 

by Political Subdivision: 1980 212 

COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 213 

148 Number of Judges, Population and Case Load Per Judge, 
Maryland Circuit Courts, by Political Subdivision: 

Fiscal Year 1979 215 

149 Cases Filed in Circuit Courts, Maryland: Fiscal Years 

1979 and 1978 216 

150 Average Time Intervals, Dispositions of Appeals, Maryland 

Court of Appeals, in Months: 1964-1978 217 

151 Average Days From Filing to Disposition, Maryland Circuit 
Courts, by Political Subdivision: Fiscal Year 1979 218 

152 United States District Court for Maryland, Civil and 
Criminal Cases and Bankruptcy, Administrative, and 

Citizen Matters: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 219 

153 Offenses of Persons Committed to State Institutions: 

Fiscal 1979 220 



Table No. Page 

154 Jurisdictions From Which Committed Persons Were Received: 
Fiscal Year 1979 221 

155 Age Groups of Committed Persons, All Adult Institutions: 

Fiscal Year 1979 222 

156 Lengths of Sentences of Committed Persons, All Adult 
Institutions: Fiscal Year 1979 222 

157 Disposition of All Juvenile Court Cases, by Political 
Subdivision: Fiscal Years 1979, 1977 and 1975 223 

158 Maryland Circuit Court Juvenile Dispositions: Fiscal 1979 . 224 

159 Average Daily Total Population of Juvenile Institutions, 

by Institution: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 225 

160 Capacity, Average Daily Population and Annual Per Capita 
Costs of Adult Correctional Institutions by Institution: 

Fiscal Year 1979 226 

SOCIAL SERVICES 227 

161 Net Expenditures for Social Services Administration 

by Funding and by Local Department: Fiscal Year 1979. . . . 228 

162 Selected Social Services Administration Expenditures: 

Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 229 

163 Percent and Source of Funds by Type of Expenditure, 

Selected Programs: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 230 

164 Selected Social Services Caseload for Maryland and 

Baltimore City: Average for Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978. . . 231 

165 Food Stamp Distribution: July 1, 1978-June 30, 1979 .... 232 

166 Administrative Expenditures for the Employment Security 
Administration by Program: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 . . . 233 

ENERGY 234 

167 Retail Fuel and Other Utilities Component of Consumer Price 
Index, Baltimore SMSA and United States: January, 1974- 
September, 1980 235 

168 Gas Utility Industry, Customers and Revenues, Maryland: 
1970-1979.' 236 

169 Natural Gas Consumption, in the United States, South 
Atlantic Region, Maryland and District of Columbia: 

1979, 1978, 1977 237 



xi 



Table No. Page 

170 Installed Nameplate Capacity and Production of Electric 
Utilities and Industrial Plants by Class of Ownership and 
Type of Prime Mover, and Production of Electric Utilities 

by Source, Maryland: 1979 and 1978 238 

171 Commercial and Industrial Electric Sales in Maryland: 
1969-1979 239 

172 Production and Value of Bituminous Coal and Lignite in the 
United States by State, 1979 and 1978 240 

173 Gross Gallons of Motor Gasoline Sold, Maryland and the 

United States: 1972-1979 241 

174 Gasoline Retail Prices, Regular, Unleaded and Premium 
Types, Baltimore SMSA and United States: June 1 978- 
September 1980 242 

175 Telephone System. in Maryland, Selected Data: 1976-1979 

and 1974 243 

PORT OF BALTIMORE 244 

176 Import and Export Tonnage and Value, Port of Baltimore: 
1970-1979 245 

177 Import Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by 

Principal Countries and by Trade Areas: 1979 246 

178 Export Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by 

Principal Countries and by Trade Areas: 1979 247 

179 Ranking of Principal United States Seaport in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Import Tonnage: 1979, 1978 and 1977 . . . 248 

180 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Import Value: 1979, 1978 and 1977 .... 248 

181 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Export Tonnage: 1979, 1978 and 1977 ... 249 

182 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Export Value: 1979, 1978 and 1977 .... 249 

183 Value of Principal Categories of Commodities Exported 

from and Imported into the Port of Baltimore: 1979 250 

184 Leading Commodities in Waterborne Commerce, Baltimore 

Harbor and Channels, in Short Tons: 1978 251 

185 Waterborne Commerce of the Principal Waterways in 

Maryland, in Short Tons: 1978 and 1973 252 

xii 



Table No. Page 

186 Waterborne Commerce of the Baltimore Harbor and 

Channels, in Short Tons: 1969-1978 253 

AIR TRAVEL 254 

187 Baltimore-Washington International Airport Operations: 

1979 and 1978 255 

188 Commercial Airports and Heliports in the State of 

Maryland, by Political Subdivision 256 

MOTOR VEHICLES 257 

189 Motor Vehicle-Related Employment in Maryland and the 

United States: 1977 '. 258 

190 New Motor Vehicle Registration and Number of Licensed 

Drivers in Maryland: 1979 and 1978 258 

191 Motor Vehicle Registration in Maryland, by Type and 

Political Subdivision: 1980 and 1979. . 259 

192 Average Dailv Vehicle Miles, State Maintained Roads: 

1979 and 1978 260 

193 Traffic Volume at Toll Facilities in Maryland, Annual 

Totals: 1969-1979 ' 261 

194 Highway Mileages Between Selected Locations in Maryland. . . 2b2 

195 Total Highway Mileage by Type of System in Maryland: 

1979 and 1978 263 

AGRICULTURE 264 

196 Cash Receipts from Farming, Maryland: 1978, 1977 

and 1976 265 

197 Selected Commodities Indices, Price Received by Farmers, 
Maryland: 1971-1979 267 

198 Number of Farms and Lands in Farms, Maryland: 1970-1980 . . 267 

199 Workers on Farms in Maryland: 1977-1979 267 

200 Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Number on Farms: 

1978-1980 268 

201 Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Value by Species: 

1978-1980 '....' 270 



XI 11 



Table No. Page 

HOUSING AND CONSTRUCTION 271 

202 Selected Characteristics of Housing in Maryland, by 
Political Subdivision: 1970. „ 272 

203 Value of Construction Contract Awards, United States 

and Maryland: 1977-1979 and 1969 273 

204 New Building Permits for Private and Public Residential 
Dwelling Units Authorized in Maryland: 1969-1979 273 

205 Annual Value of Nonresidential and Residential 

Construction Contracts Awarded in Maryland: 1967-1979. . . 274 

206 Mobile Home Shipments into Maryland: 1962-1979 275 

REAL ESTATE 2 76 

207 Number of Real Properties and Real Property Assessed 

Values, by Political Subdivision: as of July 1, 1980 . . . 277 

208 Real Property Assessment Level Ratios, by Political 
Subdivision: 1980, 1979 and 1978 278 

209 Real Property Leased to the Federal Government in 

Maryland: 1978 and 1977 279 

210 Federally Owned Real Property in Maryland: 1978 and 1977 . 2 79 
FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 280 

211 Relative Position of the State: FY 1979 and FY 1977. ... 281 

212 Functional Summary of Federal Outlays, Maryland: FY 1979. 282 

213 Federal Outlays in Maryland, by Political Subdivision: 

FY 1979 284 

214 Political Subdivision Summary of Federal Outlays by 

Agency: FY 1979 285 

215 Federal Expenditures by Functional Category in the 
Appalachian Portion of Maryland: FY 1979 288 

ELECTIONS 289 

216 Voter Registration in Maryland, by Party and Political 
Subdivision: April 14, 1980 290 

217 Maryland General Election Returns - November 4, 1980 

for President of the United States 291 



xiv 






Table No. Page 

218 Maryland General Election Returns - November 7, 1978 

for Governor of Maryland 292 

219 Maryland General Election Returns - November A, 1980 

for United States Senator 293 

220 Maryland General Election Returns - November 2, 1976 

for United States Senator 294 

221 Maryland General Election Returns - November 4, 1980 for 
Representative in the 97th Congress of the United States. . 296 

RECREATION AREAS 297 

2JJ Recreation Homes, by Political Subdivisions: 1970 298 

223 Open Land and Selected Recreation Facilities 299 



xv 



Table No. Page 

STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX A-l 

A-l Maryland Total Civilian Workforce, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A-2 

A-2 Maryland Employment, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 

Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A-3 

A-3 Maryland Unemployment, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 

Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A- 4 

A-4 Maryland Unemployment Rate, by Month, Unadjsuted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A- 5 

A- 5 Maryland Nonagricultural Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A- 6 

A- 6 Maryland Manufacturing Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A- 7 

A- 7 Maryland Durable Goods Manufacturing Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - 
May 1980 A-8 

A-8 Maryland Nondurable Goods Manufacturing Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 , . A- 9 

A- 9 Maryland Nonmanufacturing Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A- 10 

A-10 Maryland Contract Construction Employment, by Month, Un- 

adjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980. . . A-ll 

A-ll Maryland Transportation and Public Utilities Employment, 
by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 
1970 - May 1980 A- 12 

A- 12 Maryland Wholesale and Retail Trade Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980. . A-13 

A-13 Maryland Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate Employment, 
by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 
1970 - May 1980 A-14 

A- 14 Maryland Services and Mining Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A- 15 



xvi 



Table No. Pa 

A- 15 iryland Federal Government Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A-16 

A— 16 Marvland State and Local Government Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - 
May 1980 A- 17 

A-17 Maryland Total Government Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - May 1980 A- 18 

A-18 Weekly Earnings Manufacturing, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - May 1980 A- 19 

A-19 Maryland Average Weekly Initial Unemployment Insurance Claims, 
by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
May 1980 A-20 

A-20 Maryland Accession Rate in Manufacturing, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - May 1980 A-21 

A-21 Maryland Layoff Rate in Manufacturing, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - May 1980 A-22 

A-22 New Business Incorporations, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - May 1980 A-23 

A-23 Number of Business Failures in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1965 - May 1980 A-24 

A-24 Current Liabilities of Business Failures in Maryland, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 

May 1980 A-25 

A-25 Maryland Total Construction Contract Awards Valuation, by 
Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1965 - 
May 1980 " . „ . A-26 

A-26 Maryland Total Building Construction Contract Awards Valu- 
ation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 
1966 - May 1980 A-27 

A-27 Maryland Nonresidential Building Construction Contract Awards 
Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 
January 1966 - May 1980 A-28 

A-28 Marvland Residential Building Construction Contract Awards 
Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 
January 1966 - May 1980 A-29 

A-29 Maryland Nonbuilding Construction Contract Awards Valuation, 
by Month, Unadjus ted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1966 - 
May 1980 A-30 

xvii 



Table No. Page 

A-30 New Car Registrations in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1966 - May 1980 A-31 

A-31 Time Deposits in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted and Season- 
ally Adjusted: January 1964 - May 1980 A-32 

A-32 Demand Deposits in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - May 1980 A-33 

A-33 Prime Contract Awards by the Department of Defense, Net 

Value by Department: October 1979 - March 1980 A-34 

A-34 Prime Contract Awards by the Department of Defense, Net 

Value by Fiscal Years: 1977, 1978 and 1979 A-35 

A-35 Prime Contract Awards by the Department of Defense, Net 

Value of Civil Functions: Fiscal Years 1977, 1978 and 1979 

and Fiscal Years 1979 and 1980 to Date A-36 

Footnotes to Tables A-33 - A-35 A-37 

A-36 State Rankings of Selected Demographic Characteristics. . . . A-38 

A-37 State Rankings of Federal Outlays by Major 

Functional Classifications A-39 

A-38 State Rankings of Federal Outlays by Major 

Federal Organizations A-40 



xvm 



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NO. 1 
GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS OF MARYLAND GROUPED BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



SUB-REGIONS 



BALTIMORE AREA 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel 

Howard 

Harford 

Carroll 



WASHINGTON SUBURBS 

Charles 
Montgomery 
Prince George's 



WESTERN MARYLAND 

Frederick 
Washington 
Allegany 
Garrett 



SOUTHERN MARYLAND 

St. Mary's 
Calvert 



EASTERN SHORE 



UPPER EASTERN SHORE 

Caroline 

Cecil 

Kent 

Queen Anne's 

Talbot 



LOWER EASTERN SHORE 

Dorchester 
Somerset 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



-2- 



NO. 2 
MARYLAND HIGHLIGHTS 



SIZE IN SQUARE MILES 

Land 9,874 

Chesapeake Bay 1,726 

Inland Water 703 

Total 12,303 

POPULATION ESTIMATE: APRIL 1, 1980 Census Preliminary 

Maryland 4,186,861 

Baltimore SMSA 2,163,513 

Washington, D.C. SMSA, Maryland Portion 1,302,046 



EDUCATION 



1979 






Enrollment in Public and Nonpublic Schools 

Total All Levels 

Pre-Kindergarten through High School 

Four-Year Colleges and Universities 

Two-Year Colleges 
Public High School Graduates and 
Percent Intending to Continue Education 



LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT: 1979 

By Place of Residence 

Civilian Labor Force 

Total Employment 

Unemployment and Percentage Rate 

Non-Agricultural Wage and Salary 
Annual Average Employment, 
By Place of Work 

Total Non-Agricultural Employment 
Manufacturing 

Durable Goods 

Non-Durable Goods 
Non-Manu f ac t ur i ng 

Contract Construction 

Transportation and Utilities 

Wholesale Trade 

Retail Trade 

Finance, Insurance and Real Estate 

Services and Mining 

Federal Government 

State and Local Government 



Percent Change 
Over lglXKCensus 

c^y ' 

4.5 
5.7 



1,123,705 

904,642 

129,719 

89,344 

55,276; 42.9% 



2,092,000 
1,968,000 

123,000; 5.8% 



(1,000) 

1,620.1 

245.7 

137.1 

108.6 

1,374.4 

104.1 

87.2 

81.4 

301.1 

89.2 

331.2 

129.4 

250.8 



Percent of Total 



100. 





15 


.2 


8 


5 


6 


.7 


84, 


8 


6 


.4 


5. 


4 


5 


.0 


18. 


6 


5 


5 


20. 


4 


8, 





15. 


5 



-3- 



MO. 2 
MARYLAND HIGHLIGHTS 



PER SONAL INCOME : 1979 

Gross State Product 

(In billions of current dollars) $ 42.5 

Total Personal Income 

(In millions of dollars) 38 706 

Per Capita Personal Income 9 331 

Average Household Consumer Spendable Income 22,364 

LEADING MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 
BY VALUE ADDED: 1977 

(In millions of dollars) 

All Industries $7,108.7 

Food and Kindred Products 1,021.9 

Electric and Electronic Equipment 957.1 

Primary Metal Industries 843.4 

STATE FINANCE: FISCAL YEAR 1979 
(In thousands of dollars) 

Total Available Revenues $3,883,262 

Total Expenditures 4,006,429 

Fund Balances - End of Year 742,106 

TOTAL RETAIL SALES ESTIMATED: 1979 

(In thousands of dollars) $17,735,813 

CAS H RECEIPTS FROM FARMING: 1978 
(In thousands of dollars) 

All Crops $259,166 

Livestock and Livestock. Products 511,360 

Government Payments 6,993 

Total Receipts 777,519 

VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT AWARDS: 1979 

(In millions of dollars) $2,577 

PORT OF BALTIMORE TRADE: 1979 

Imports 

Tonnage (2,000 lbs.) $20,338,570 

Value ($1,000) 5,313,974 

Exports 

Tonnage (2,000 lbs.) $18,189,946 

Value ($1,000) 7,448,933 

ASSESSABLE BASE FOR TAXATION: 198O 

Total Assessable Tax Base 42.2 

Real Property Tax Base 32.1 

(In billions of dollars) -4- 



NO. 2 
MARYLAND HIGHLIGHTS 



ALL ACTIVE BANKS IN MARYLAND : DECEMBER 31, 1978 

(In millions of dollars) 

Total Assets $15,432 

Total Liabilities 14,308 

NUMBER OF MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED: 



MARCH 1,1979 THROUGH APRIL 30, 1980 2,930,666 

VOTER REGISTRATION: APRIL 14, 1980 1,884,135 



-5- 



NO. 3a 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE BALTIMORE SMSA 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Baltimore 
City 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltimore Carroll Harford 



Howard 



Population Indicators 
Populations 



1980 Census Prelim. 


783,320 


368,997 


651,105 


96,056 


145 


,592 


118,443 


Rank 


1 


5 


3 


10 




6 


7 


Percent Change: 
1970-80 
Rank 


-1.4 
24 


2.2 
9 


0.5 
18 


3.4 
4 




2.4 

7 


6.6 

1 


Employment Indicators: 


By Place of 


Residence 












Civilian Labor Force 
1979 


394,100 


173,500 


312,200 


44,500 


70 


,500 


55,000 


Percent Change: 
1977-79 
Rank 


-5.6 
24" 


15.5 
5 


* 
18 


16.7 

4 




21.0 
3 


38.9 

1 


Total Employment 
1979 


361,100 


165,200 


292,100 


42,300 


66 


,800 


53,300 


Percent Change: 
1977-79 
Rank 


-5.4 
24 


15.8 

5 


-0.8 
21 


16.3 

4 




21.9 
3 


39.3 
1 


Unemployment Rate 
1979 
Rank 


8.4 
17 


4.8 
6 


6.4 
10 


5.1 
7 




5.1 
8 

_ p ~-\ i 


3.0 

1 



* Less than 0.05 percent. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division, 



-6- 






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NO. 3a 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE BALTIMORE SMSA 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



Income Indicators 

Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1978 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 



Baltimore Anne 

City Arundel Baltimore Carroll Harford Howard 



$7,151 

13 


$7 


,946 
6 


$8 


,852 
3 


$7 


,454 
7 


v $7,158 
12 


$8,992 
2 


8.6 
11 




8.7 
10 




9.0 

7 




9.2 
5 


8.6 
12 


7.6 
17 



Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 



Operating Budget: 
($000,000) 



FY 1980 



1,123.5 



Tax Base: FY 1980 
($000,000) 

Property Tax Rates Per $100 

of Assessed Valuation: FY 1981 v "'$5.93 



3,540.2 
(a), 



261.4 370.5 



3,183.0 5,817.8 



$2.23 



$2.93 



41.0 



$2.12 



54.9 



79.9 



821.2 1,125.5 1,462.9 



$2.43 $2.23 



Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1974-79 
Rank 

Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 

Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 



$382 

7 


$349 
8 


$420 
6 


$301 

12 


$283 
15 


$508 
4 


8.5 
18 


11.2 
4 


9.6 
12 


8.6 

15 


8.4 
19 


8.2 
20 



0.62 
2 


0.39 
17 


0.30 
21 


0.45 
14 


0.50 
10 


0.27 
23 


$1,892 
11 


$1,879 
13 


$2,191 
2 


$1,555 
24 


$1,743 
18 


$2,013 
9 



(a) 



These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax rate 
which is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1981- Also, the user is cautioned that there are 
certain additional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 

Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 



-8- 



NO. 3b 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE WASHINGTON, D.C. SMSA 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported Rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Population Indicators 


Chi 
72 


irles 


Population 

1980 Census Prelim. 
Rank 

Percent Change: 
1970-80 
Rank 


,343 
12 

4.3 
3 



Montgomery 



571,996 

4 



0.9 

15 



Prince 
George' s 



657,707 
2 



- 0.1 
22 



Employment Indicators: By Place of Residence 

35,000 



Civilian Labor Force 



1979 

Percent Change 
1977-79 
Rank 



28.8 
2 



318,800 



6.8 
8 



376,800 



3.6 
10 



Total Employment 
1979 

Percent Change: 
1977-79 
Rank 



33,700 



29.5 
2 



307,800 



6.7 
8 



360,100 



3.2 
13 



Unemployment Rate 
1979 
Rank 



3.7 
3 



3.4 
2 



4.4 
4 



(continued on following page) 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



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-10- 



NO. 3b 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE WASHINGTON, D.C. SMSA 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



Charles 



I ncome Indicators 

Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1978 

Rank 



$7,185 
10 



Montgomery Prince George's 



$11,967 

1 



$8,501 
4 



Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 

Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 

Operating Budget: FY 1980 
($000,000) 

Tax Base: FY 1980 
($000,000) 

Property Tax Rates Per $100 
of Assessed Valuation: FY 1981 

Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1974-79 
Rank 

Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 

Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 



(a) 



9.3 
3 



28.6 
743.0 
$ 2.07 



$ 333 
9 



4.3 
23 



0.52 

7 



8.9 
8 



599.4 
7,685.0 

$ 2.34 



$ 640 
2 



11.0 
6 



0.21 
24 



9.4 
2 



458.0 
5,477.3 
$ 2.68 



$ 428 

5 



11.0 
5 



0.36 
18 



$1,845 
14 



$2,607 

1 



$2,174 
3 



(a) 



These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax 

rate which is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1981. Also, the user is cautioned that there are 

certain additional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 

Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research, 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 

-11- 



NO. 3c 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR WESTERN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 





Frederick 


Allegany 


Garrett 


Washington 


Population Indicators 










Population 

1980 Census Prelim. 
Rank 


111,687 
9 


80,413 
11 


26,502 
19 


112,764 
8 


Percent Change: 
1970-80 
Rank 


2.8 
6 


-0.4 
23 


2.1 
11 


0.8 
16 


Employment Indicators: 


By Place of Residence 








Civilian Labor Force 
1979 


44,800 


33,800 


11,100 


51,200 


Percent Change: 
1977-79 
Rank 


0.5 
17 


1.7 
12 


-0.5 
20 


-1.4 
21 


Total Employment 
1979 


42,200 


30,600 


9,800 


47,400 


Percent Change: 
1977-79 
Rank 


0.5 
18 


3.1 

14 


-0.8 
22 


-0.4 
20 


Unemployment Rate 
1979 
Rank 


5.8 
9 


9.4 
20 


11.7 
22 


7.3 
12 



(continued on following pa 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



-12- 









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en 



NO. 3c 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR WESTERN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



Frederick 



Allegany 



Income Indicators 



Garrett 



Washington 



Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1978 

Rank 




$7,197 
9 


$6,375 
18 


$4,942 
24 


$7,043 
14 


Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 




8.4 

14 


9.2 

4 


8.9 

9 


9.5 

1 


Public Sector Revenue 
and Expenditure Indicato 


rs 










Operating Budget: FY 
($000,000) 


1980 


47.7 


23.0 


8.0 


34.6 


Tax Base: FY 1980 
($000,000) 




976.0 


478.5 


243.8 


791.5 


Property Tax Rates Per 
of Assessed Valuation: 


$10 ° (a) 
FY 1981 K J 


$ 2.28 


$ 2.22 


$ 3.31 


$ 2.19 


Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 




$ 331 
10 


$ 256 
20 


$ 270 

18 


$ 290 
14 


Percent Change: 
1974-79 
Rank 




8.6 
17 


8.6 
16 


9.8 

10 


10.3 
8 


Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 




0.49 
12 


0.56 
5 


0.54 
6 


0.41 
16 


Per Pupil 

School Expenditures 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 




$1,729 
20 


$1,880 
12 


$1,684 
22 


$1,820 
16 



(a) 



These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax 
rate which is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1981. Also, the user is cautioned that there 
are certain additional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 

Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 



-14- 



NO. 3d 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR SOUTHERN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 

Calvert St. Mary's 

Population Indicators 

Population 

1980 Census Prelim. 34,308 59,799 

Rank 16 15 

Percent Change: 

1970-80 5.2 2.4 

Rank 2 8 

Employment Indicators : By Place of Residence 

Civilian Labor Force 

1979 12,800 15,300 

Percent Change: 

1977-79 10 5 -2.6 

Rank 7 23 

Total Employment 

1979 11,900 14,200 

Percent Change: 

1977-79 15.2 -2.5 

Rank 6 23 

Unemployment Rate 

1979 7.5 7.5 

Rank 14 13 

(continued on following page) 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



-15- 





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-16- 



NO. 3d 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR SOUTHERN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



Calvert St. Mary's 

Income Indicators 



Per Capita 

Personal Income 
1978 
Rank 






$7, 


167 
11 


Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 








8.4 
13 


Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 








Operating Budget: FY 1980 
($000,000) 


24.6 


Tax Base: FY 1980 
($000,000) 




979.5 


Property Tax Rates Per 
of Assessed Valuation: 


$10 ° (a) 
FY 1981 ^ ; 


$ 

$ 


2.0 


Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 






592 
3 


Percent Change: 
1974-79 
Rank 








27.1 
1 



$5,905 
22 



7.6 
16 



18.5 
402.0 
$ 1.99 



$ 238 
21 

13.0 
2 

Transfer Revenue 

as a Fraction of 

Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 0.34 0.57 

Rank 19 4 

Per Pupil School 

Expenditures 

Fiscal 1979 $2,035 $1,840 

Rank 8 15 

( a ) 

These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax 

rate which is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1981. Also, the user is cautioned that there 

are certain additional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 

Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 

-17- 



NO. 3e 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE UPPER EASTERN SHORE 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Caroline 



Cecil 



Kent 



Queen Anne's Talbot 



Population Indicators 












Population 

1980 Census Prelim. 
Rank 


23,148 
22 


60,113 
14 


16,680 
24 


25,520 
20 


25,496 
21 


Percent Change: 
1970-80 
Rank 


1.6 
13 


1.2 
14 


0.3 
20 


3.3 

5 


0.7 
17 


Employment Indicators: 


By Place of 


Residence 








Civilian Labor Force 
1979 


9,200 


28,900 


8,500 


9,700 


15,700 


Percent Change: 
1977-79 
Rank 


2.1 

14 


14.0 
6 


-1.6 
22 


2.1 
13 


3.4 
11 


Total Employment 
1979 


8,400 


26,900 


7,800 


8,900 


14,900 


Percent Change: 
1977-79 
Rank 


2.8 

15 


14.7 
7 


-0.2 
19 


3.5 
11 


3.9 

9 


Unemployment Rate 
1979 
Rank 


8.5 
19 


6.6 

11 


8.4 

18 


7.6 
15 


4.5 
5 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



-18- 



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-19- 



NO. 3e 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE UPPER EASTERN SHORE 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



Caroline 



Cecil 



Kent Queen Anne's Talbot 



Income Indicators 



Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1978 

Rank 






$6. 


264 
20 


$6 


,023 
21 


$6 


,757 
16 


$6 


,373 
19 


$8 


,322 
5 


Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 








7.3 
21 




7.0 
23 




9.0 
6 




6.7 
24 




8.3 
15 


Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 
























Operating Budget: FY 1980 
($000,000) 






7.8 




19.8 




6.6 




8.6 




11.1 


Tax Base: FY 1980 
($000,000) 








120.0 




383.8 




150.5 




250.0 




323.1 


Property Tax Rates Per 
of Assessed Valuation: 


$100 
FY 1981 


(a) $ 2.16 


$ 


2.40 


$ 


2.00 


$ 


1.94 


$ 


1.49 


Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 






$ 


219 
23 


$ 


264 
19 


$ 


282 

16 


$ 


222 
22 


$ 


305 
11 


Percent Change: 
1974-79 
Rank 








9.4 
14 




12.1 
3 




7.3 
21 




2.6 
24 




9.6 
11 


Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 








0.59 
3 




0.50 
9 




0.44 
15 




0.51 
8 




0.29 
22 


Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 






$1 = 


693 
21 


$1, 


664 

23 


$2, 


104 
5 


$1, 


739 
19 


$2, 


054 
7 



(a) 



These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax 
rate which is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1981. Also, the user is cautioned that 
there are certain additional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 

Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 



-20- 






NO. 3f 

SELECTED [NDICATORS FOR THE LOWER EASTERN SHORE 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Dorchester 


Somerset 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


Population Indicators 










Population 

1980 Census Prelim. 30,549 
Rank 17 




19,041 
23 


64,979 
13 


30,303 
18 


Percent Change: 

1970-80 0.4 
Rank 19 




0.1 
21 


1.8 
12 


2.2 
10 


Employment Indicators: By Place of Res 


idence 


8,400 


28,600 




Civilian Labor Force 

1979 16,200 


16,300 


Percent Change: 

1977-79 1.1 
Rank 16 




-0.4 
19 


1.3 

15 


5.0 
9 


Total Employment 

1979 14,600 




7,100 


26,300 


14,200 


Percent Change: 

1977-79 1.6 
Rank 17 




3.4 
12 


2.0 
16 


3.5 
10 


Unemployment Rate 

1979 9.8 
Rank 21 




15.7 
24 


8.1 
16 


13.1 
23 






(continued 


on followign 


page) 


ource: U. S. Department of Commerce, 


Bureau 


of the Census. 







Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



-21- 



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-22- 



NO. 3f 

SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE LOWER EASTERN SHORE 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



Dorchester 



Somerset 



Wicomico Worcester 



Income Indicators 



Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1978 

Rank 






$6 


,619 
17 


$5 


314 
23 


$6, 


911 

15 


$7 


,344 
8 


Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 








7.5 
20 




7.5 
19 




7.1 
22 




7.6 
18 


Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 




















Operating Budget: FY 1980 
($000,000) 






10.3 




5.2 




23.9 




18.4 


Tax Base: FY 1980 
($000,000) 








215.5 




111.9 




506.0 




644.3 


Property Tax Rates Per 
of Assessed Valuation: 


$10 ° (a) 
FY 1981 ^ ; 


$ 


2.29 


$ 


1.80 


$ 


1.78 


$ 


1.53 


Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 






$ 


279 
17 


$ 


177 
24 


$ 


292 
13 


$ 


661 
1 


Percent Change: 
1974-79 
Rank 








7.2 
22 




9.5 
13 




9.8 
9 




10.5 
7 


Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 








0.49 
11 




0.65 

1 




0.48 
13 




0.32 
20 


Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 

Fiscal 1979 

Rank 






$2, 


132 
4 


$1, 


931 
10 


$1, 


762 
17 


$2, 


093 
6 



(a; 



These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax 
rate which is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1981. Also, the user is cautioned that 
there are certain additional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 



>ource: 



U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 

Maryland Association of Counties. 

Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 

Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 

Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 



-2 3- 



POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 

A preliminary count of the 1980 Census furnished by the U.S. Bureau of 
the Census indicates that the population of Maryland has grown by 6.7 percent 
since 1970. Comparable counts for all of the states are not yet available. 

As might be expected in an area as diverse as Maryland, there is con- 
siderable variance of growth among the political subdivisions of the State. 
Howard County was the fastest growing subdivision with a 89.8 percent increase 
in population over the period from April 1, 1970 to April 1, 1980. Next were 
Calvert (65.9 percent), Charles (51.7 percent), Carroll (39.2 percent), and 
Queen Anne's (38.5 percent) Counties. At the opposite extreme was Allegany 
County (-4.3 percent). Concurrently, Baltimore City showed the largest loss 
in population, with a drop of 13.5 percent indicated. 

Consistent with national growth patterns, the population shifts have been 
urban in nature. The greatest increases are to be found in metropolitan 
Baltimore, with the exception of Baltimore City, and in extensions of suburban 
metropolitan Washington, Calvert, Charles and Frederick Counties. As is 
readily seen, with the exception of Baltimore City itself, and Prince George's 
County which has experienced a decrease in population, the political subdivisions 
with below average growth are predominantly rural in their characteristics. 
Approximately 83 percent of Marylanders reside in the Baltimore and Washington 
metropolitan areas, with the greater growth coming from Howard, Calvert and Charles 
Counties. 



-24- 



FIGURES RELEASED WHILE 1980 MARYLAND STATISTICAL ABSTRACT 

WAS BEING PRINTED 



1980 CENSUS PRELIMINARY COUNT OF POPULATION, BY STATE 




Population Changes 

According to the 1980 Census 



N.H. 
+24.6% 




MASS. 

+0.6% 



^-R.I.-0.4% 
CONN. +2.1% 



| 1 GAIN 0-300,000 
I 1 GAIN 300,000-650,000 
HHf GAIN 650,000-1,000,000 
| GAIN Over 1,000,000 

U.S. Total — 226,505,000 (+12.3%) 



Representatives 

GAIN SEATS 

Florida +4 
Texas +3 
California +2 
Arizono +1 
Colorado + 1 
New Mexico +1 
Nevada + ) 
Oregon + 1 
Tennessee + 1 
Utah +1 
Washington +1 

IOSE SEATS 
Indiana —1 
Massachusetts —I 
Michigan —1 
Missouri —1 
New Jersey -1 
South Dakota —J 
llinois -2 
Ohio -2 
Pennsylvania -2 
New York -5 



By Richard Kurno and Dave Cook - The Washington Post 



REPRINTED BY PERMISSION OF THE WASHINGTON POST, January 1, 1981 edition. 



FIGURES RELEASED WHILE 1980 MARYLAND STATISTICAL ABSTRACT 

WAS BEING PRINTED 



1980 CENSUS PRELIMINARY COUNT OF POPULATION, BY STATE 

The 1980 population is listed first, followed by 
1970 figures, the percentage of population change, the 
number of members of the House of Representatives effective 
with the 1982 election based on the 1980 census and any 
change from the current number, plus or minus. 



State 


1980 


1970 


% '821 


louse 


Change 


Alabama 


3,890,061 


3,444,354 


12.9 


7 





Alaska 


400,481 


302,583 


32.4 


I 





Arizona 


2,717,866 


1,775,399 


53.1 


5 


+1 


Arkansas 


2,285,513 


1,923,322 


18.8 


4 





California 


23,668,562 


19,975,069 


18.5 


45 


+2 


Colorado 


2,888,834 


2,209,596 


30.7 


6 


+1 


Connecticut 


3,107,576 


3,032,217 


2.5 


6 





Delaware 


595,225 


548,104 


8.6 


1 





District of Columbia 


637,651 


756,668 


15.7 








Florida 


9,739,992 


6,791,418 


43.4 


19 


+4 


Georgia 


5,464,265 


4,587,930 


19.1 


10 





Hawaii 


965,000 


769,913 


25.3 


2 





Idaho 


943,935 


713,015 


32.4 


2 





Illinois 


11,418,461 


11,110,258 


2.8 


22 


-2 


Indiana 


5,490,179 


5,195,392 


5.7 


10 


-1 


Iowa 


2,913,387 


2,825,368 


3.1 


6 





Kansas 


2,363,208 


2,249,071 


5.1 


5 


• 


Kentucky 


3,661,433 


3,220,711 


3.7 


7 





Louisiana 


4,203,972 


3,644,637 


15.3 


8 


e 


Maine 


1,124,660 


993,722 


13.2 


2 


o 


Maryland 


4,216,446 


3,923197. 


- 7.5 


8 





Massachusetts 


5,737,037 


5.689,170 


0.8 


11 


•1 


Michigan 


9,258,344 


8,881,826 


42 


18 


-1 


Minnesota 


4,077,148 


3,806,103 


7.2 


8 





Mississippi 


2,520,638 


2,216,994 


13.7 


5 





Missouri 


4,917,444 


4,677,623 


5.1 


9 


-1 


Montana 


786,690 


694,409 


13.3 


2 





Nebraska 


1,570,006 


1,485,333 


5.7 


3 





Nevada 


799,184 


488,738 


63.5 


2 


+1 


New Hampshire 


920,610 


737,681 


24.8 


2 





New Jersey 


7,364,158 


7,171,112 


2.7 


14 


-1 


New Mexico 


1,299,968 


1,017,055 


27.8 


3 


+1 


New York 


17,557,288 


18,236,96 7 


-3.7 


34 


•5 


North Carolina 


5,874,429 


5,084,411 


15.5 


11 





North Dakota 


652,695 


617,792 


5.6 


1 





Ohio 


10,797,419 


10.657,423 


1.3 


21 


-2 


Oklahoma 


3,025,266 


2,559,463 


18.2 


6 





Oregon 


2,632,663 


2,091,533 


25.9 


5 


+1 


Pennsylvania 


11,866,728 


11,800,766 


0.6 


23 


-2 


Rhode Island 


947,154 


949,723 


-0.3 


2 





South Carolina 


3,119,208 


2,590,713 


20.4 


6 





South Dakota 


690,178 


662,257 


4.3 


1 


-1 


Tennessee 


4,590,750 


3,926,018 


16.9 


9 


+1 


Texas 


14,228,383 


11,198,655 


27.1 


27 


+3 


Utah 


1,461,037 


1,059,273 


37.9 


3 


+1 


Vermont 


511,456 


444,732 


15.0 


1 





Virginia 


5,346^79 


4,651,448 


14.9 


10 





Washington 


4,130,163 


3,413,244 


21.0 


8 


+1 


West Virginia 


1,949,644 


1,744,237 


11.8 


4 





Wisconsin 


4,705,335 


4,417,821 


6.5 


9 





Wyoming 


470,816 


332,416 


41.6 


1 





United States 


226,504.825 


203,302.031 


11.4 


435 






Note: The District of Columbia population is excluded in determining con* 
gressional apportionment. 



REPRINTED BY PERMISSION OF THE BALTIMORE SUN , January 2, 1981 edition. 



More detailed demographic aspects resulting from the 1980 Census are not 
available as of this writing. However, the most recent estimates indicate that 
Baltimore City contains by far the greatest concentration of non-white citi- 
zens in the State. Of the 1,005,690 non-white Marylanders in 1978, 434,660 or 
43 percent reside in that jurisdiction. The overall percentage of non-white 
persons in the State is 24.2, while in Baltimore City, 55 percent of the 
population is non-white. Of the total population estimate for the State, 36.7 
percent are white male, 39.1 percent are white female, while non-white males 
comprise 11.5 percent and non-white females, 12.7 percent. 

Following the national trend, the birth rate of the general population in 
Maryland increased from 1976 to 1977 (5.5 percent). Most political subdivisions 
shared in this rise. The State's birth rate in 1977 was 13.5 per thousand 
population; with the white birth rate standing at 12.2 and the non-white at 
18.0. At the same time, the death rate here was 7.8 per thousand, with the 
white death rate at 8.0 and the non-white at 6.8. 

There were 45,170 marriages in Maryland during 1977. Roughly 16,615 
divorces and annulments were granted during that year, with 68.6 percent being 
decreed on the grounds of voluntary separation. 



-25- 



NO. 4 

POPULATION: STATE OF MARYLAND AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS, 
RANK BY PERCENT OF CHANGE: April 1, 1980 and April 1,1970 



POLITICAL 


APRIL 1, 1980 


APRIL 1, 1970 


PERCENT CHANGE 


SUBDIVISION 


(Preliminary) 




1980/1970 


MARYLAND 


4,186,861 


3,923,897 


6.7 


Howard 


118,443 


62,394 


89.8 


Calvert 


34,308 


20,682 


65.9 


Charles 


72,343 


47,678 


51.7 


Carroll 


96,056 


69,006 


39.2 


Queen Anne's 


25,520 


18,422 


38.5 


Frederick 


111,687 


84,927 


31.5 


St. Mary's 


59,799 


47,388 


26.2 


Harford 


145,592 


115,378 


26.2 


Worcester 


30,303 


24,442 


24.0 


Anne Arundel 


368,997 


298,042 


23.8 


Garrett 


26,502 


21,476 


23.4 


Wicomico 


64,979 


54,236 


19.8 


Caroline 


23,148 


19,781 


17.0 


Cecil 


60,113 


53,291 


12.8 


Montgomery 


571,996 


522,809 


9.4 


Washington 


112,764 


103,829 


8.6 


Talbot 


25,496 


23,682 


7.7 


Baltimore 


651,105 


620,409 


4.9 


Dorchester 


30,549 


29,405 


3.9 


Kent 


16,680 


16,146 


3.3 


Somerset 


19,041 


18,924 


0.6 


Prince George's 


657,707 


661,719 


-0.6 


Allegany 


80,413 


84,044 


-4.3 


Baltimore City 


783,320 


905,787 


-13.5 


Sources: U.S. 


Bureau of the Census 


;, 1980 Census of 


Population and 



Housing , unpublished preliminary counts. 



-26- 



NO. 5 

POPULATION OF THE 50 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA , 

RANK BY PERCENT OF CHANGE: 1979 and 1970 

(IN THOUSANDS) 



JURISDICTION 



JULY L, 1979 
(PROVISIONAL) 



APRIL 1, 1970 
(CENSUS) 



PERCENT CHANCE 
1970/1979 



United States 



220,099 



203,235 



8.3 



Nevada 


702 


Wyoming 


450 


Arizona 


2,450 


Alaska 


406 


Florida 


8,806 


Utah 


1,367 


Idaho 


905 


Colorado 


2,772 


New Mexico 


1,241 


Oregon 


2,527 


New Hampshire 


887 


Texas 


13,380 


Hawa i i 


915 


Cali fornia 


22,694 


Arkansas 


2,180 


Montana 


786 


South Carolina 


2,932 


Oklahoma 


2,892 


Virginia 


5,197 


Tennessee 


4,380 


Georgia 


5,117 


Vermont 


483 


Maine 


1,097 


North Carolina 


5,606 


Louisiana 


4,018 


Kentucky 


3,527 


Mississippi 


2,429 


Alabama 


3,769 


West Virginia 


1,828 


Wisconsin 


4,720 


Minnesota 


4,060 


North Dakota 


657 


Delaware 


582 


Nebraska 


1,574 


MARYLAND 


4,148 


Kansas 


2,369 


Missouri 


4,867 


Indiana 


5,400 


Michigan 


9,207 


South Dakota 


689 


Iowa 


2,902 


Connecticut 


3,115 


New Jersey 


7,332 


Massachusetts 


5,769 


Illinois 


11,229 


Ohio 


10,731 


Pennsylvania 


11,731 


Rhode Island 


929 


New York 


17,648 


District of Columbia 


656 



489 
332 

1,772 
302 

6,789 

1,059 
713 
2,207 
1,016 
2,091 

738 
11,197 

770 

19,953 

1,923 

694 
2,591 
2,559 
4,648 
3,924 

4,590 

445 

994 

5,082 

3,643 

3,219 
2,217 
3,444 
1,744 
4,418 
3,805 
618 
548 
1,484 
3,922 

2,249 
4,677 

5,194 

8,875 

666 

2,825 
3,032 
7,168 
5,689 
11,114 

10,652 
11,794 

950 
18,241 

757 



43.6 
35.5 
35.4 
34.4 
30.5 

29.0 
26.9 
25.6 
22.2 
20.9 

20.2 
19.5 
18.8 
13.7 
13.4 

13.3 
13.2 
13.0 
11.8 
11.6 

11.5 
10.8 
10.4 
10.3 
10.3 

9.6 
9.6 
9.6 
7.7 
6.8 
6.7 
6.3 
6.2 
6.1 
5.8 

5.3 
4.1 
4.0 
3.7 
3.5 

2.7 
2.7 
2.3 
1.4 
1.0 

.7 

- .6 

-2.2 

-3.3 

-13.3 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970 , Number of Inhabitants 
United States PC (1)-A1. Current Population Reports , Series P-25, No. 876, 
issued February 1980. 



-2 7- 



NO. 6 
POPULATION DENSITY IN THE UNTIED STATES, BY STATE: 1978 





PERSONS PER 




PERSONS PER 


STATE 


SQUARE MILE 


STATE 


SQUARE MILE 


New England 




East South Central 




Maine 


35.3 


Kentucky 


88.2 


New Hampshire 


96.5 


Tennessee 


105.4 


Vermont 


52.6 


Alabama 


73.8 


Massachusetts 


737.8 


Mississippi 


50.8 


Rhode Island 


891.3 






Connecticut 


637.4 


West South Central 








Arkansas 


42.1 


Middle Atlantic 




Louisiana 


88.3 


New York 


371.1 


Oklahoma 


41.9 


New Jersey 


974.8 


Texas 


49.6 


Pennsylvania 


261.3 


Mountain 




East North Central 




Montana 


5.4 


Ohio 


262.3 


Idaho 


10.6 


Indiana 


148.9 


Wyoming 


4.4 


Illinois 


201.7 


Colorado 


25.7 


Michigan 


161.7 


New Mexico 


10.0 


Wisconsin 


85.9 


Ari zona 


20.8 






Utah 


15.9 


West North Central 




Nevada 


6.0 


Minnesota 


50.5 






Iowa 


51.8 


Pacific 




Missouri 


70.4 


Washington 


56.7 


North Dakota 


9.4 


Oregon 


25.4 


South Dakota 


9.1 


California 


142.6 


Nebraska 


20.5 


Alaska 


.7 


Kansas 


28.7 


Hawaii 


139.6 


South Atlantic 









Delaware 294.1 

MARYLAND 418.9 
Dist. of Columbia 11,049.2 

Virginia 129.4 

West Virginia 77.3 

North Carolina 114.3 

South Carolina 96.5 

Georgia 87.5 

Florida 158.9 



Source: Statistical Abstract of the U.S. 1979. 



-28- 



SUBDIVISION 



NO. 7 
POPULA T ION DENSITY OF MARYLAND SUBDIVISIONS RANKED BY DENSITY; APRIL 1, 1980 



LAND AREA 
IN SQ. MI, 



MARYLAND 

Baltimore City 
Prince George's 
lontgome ry 
Bait imore 
\nne Arundel 
Howard 
Harford 
Washington 
Carroll 
Allegany 
Wcomico 
Cecil 
Frederick 
3t . Mary's 
diaries 
Calvert 
Talbot 
Caroline 
^ueen Anne's 
Worcester 
Kent 

Some rs e t 
Dorchester 
arrett 



9,874 

79 
485 
493 
608 
417 
250 
448 
462 
453 
426 
380 
352 
664 
367 
458 
219 
279 
320 
373 
483 
284 
332 
580 
662 



POPULATION 
FOR APRIL 1, 1980 
(Preliminary) 



4,186,861 

783,320 

657,707 

571,996 

651,105 

368,^97 

118,443 

145 592 

112,764 

96,056 

80,413 

64.979 

60,113 

111,687 

59,799 

72,343 

34,308 

25,496 

23,148 

25,520 

30,303 

16,680 

19,041 

30,549 

26,502 



POPULATION 

DENSITY 

PEOPLE/SQ. MI 



424.0 

9,915.4 

1,356.1 

1, 160.2 

1,070.9 

884.9 

473.8 

325.0 

244.1 

212.0 

188.8 

171.0 

170.8 

168.2 

162.9 

158.0 

156.7 

91.4 

72.3 

68.4 

62.7 

58.7 

57.4 

52.7 

40.0 



sources : 



Land Area compiled by the Geography Division, Bureau of the Census, U.S. 
Department of Commerce, as reported in Maryland Manual , 1977-1978. 
U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1980 Census of Population and Housing , unpublished 
preliminary counts. 



-29- 



NO. 8 



MARYLAND POPULATION GROWTH : 1890-1980 



INCREASE OVER PRECEDING CENSUS 



YEAR 



1980 
1970 
1960 
1950 
1940 
1930 
1920 
1910 
1900 
1890 



PERCENT INCREASE OF 

U.S. POPULATION OVER 

PRECEDING PERIOD— 

OF THE CONTERMINOUS 



POPULATION 


NUMBER 


PERCENT 


UNITED STATES 1 


4,186,861 


262,964 


6.7 


* 


3,923,897 


823,208 


26.6 


12.8 


3,100,689 


757,688 


32.3 


18.5 


2,343,001 


521,7 57 


28.6 


14.4 


1,821,244 


189,718 


11.6 


7.2 


1,631,526 


181,875 


12.5 


16.1 


1,449,661 


154,315 


11.9 


14.9 


1,295,346 


107,302 


9.0 


21.0 


1,188,044 


145,654 


14.0 


20.7 


1,042,390 


107,447 


11.5 


25.5 



•'■All years exclude Hawaii and Alaska. 

* Pre 1 i mi nary 1980 Census data were not available for all states at the time of 
publication. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1980 Census of Population and Housing , unpublished 
preliminary counts. 



-30- 



NO. 9 
ETHNIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION OF MARYLAND: 1970 



NATIVITY AND PARENTAGE 

Total Population 

Native 

Native Parentage 

Foreign or Mixed Parentage 

Foreign Born 



3,922,391 

3,798,046 
3,468,233 

329,813 

124,345 

TOTAL FOREIGN BORN 
(124,345) 



TOTAL FOREIGN OR 
MIXED PARENTAGE 
(329 813) 



COUNTRY OF ORIGIN 

United Kingdom 

Ireland 

Norway 

Sweden 

Denmark 

Netherlands 
Switzerland 
France 
Germany ( 1) 
Poland 

Czechoslovakia 

Austria 

Hungary 

Yugoslavia 

U.S.S.R. 

Lithuania 

Greece 

Italy 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Western Asia(2) 
ChinaO) 
Japan 
Other Asia 

Canada 

Mexico 

Cuba 

Other America 

All other 

Not reported 

^ [ ^Icludees West Germany and East Germany (2)i n cludes Turkey in Europe. 
(3)lncldes Taiwan and Mainland Chine. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, F inal Report 1970, PC(1)-C22, Maryland 

-31- • 



11,243 


29,048 


2.494 


15,773 


698 


2,687 


841 


3,705 


728 


1,733 


1,269 


2,043 


680 


1,757 


2,012 


4,507 


14,865 


44,815 


6,763 


32,571 


2.197 


8,914 


2,488 


11,028 


1,986 


5,831 


719 


2,429 


8,193 


38,139 


1,892 


7,198 


4,777 


7,731 


9,707 


39 912 


4,719 


10,350 


15,743 


15,972 


3,695 


4,429 


2,991 


2,984 


1,452 


2,332 


7,605 


6,227 


6,785 


18,515 


744 


1,970 


3,539 


1,392 


12,033 


7,276 


3,138 


3, 119 


4,092 


11 ,398 



NO. 10 

COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE DUE TO MIGRATION AND 
NATURAL INCREASE BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970-1979 



Percent 



Net 
Subdivision Total Change Natural Change Migration 



-4. 





21 


.2 


3. 





-14 


.4 


60. 





13 


.1 


40 


.6 


Q 


.2 


46 


.8 


1 


.8 


32. 


3 


20 


.9 


27 


.8 


91 


.3 


3 


.8 


9 


.5 


-0. 


4 


35 


.1 


20 


.1 


3 


.1 


11, 


.0 


7 


.0 


13 


.6 


14 


.8 



Allegany -4.0 0.5 -4.5 

Anne Arundel 21.2 8.6 12.6 

Baltimore 3.0 3.6 -0.6 

Baltimore City -14.4 2.3 -16.7 

Calvert 60.0 10.0 50.0 

Caroline 13.1 2.0 11.1 

Carroll 40.6 5.8 34.8 

Cecil 9.2 7.7 1.5 

Charles 46.8 11.9 34.9 

Dorchester 1.8 -0.2 2 

Frederick 32.3 6.4 25.9 

Garrett 20.9 5.9 15.0 



Harford 27.8 10.0 17.8 

Howard 91.3 12.3 79.0 

Kent 3.8 0.1 3.7 

Montgomery 9.5 6.2 3.3 

Prince George's -0.4 10.2 -10.6 

Queen Anne's 35.1 1.6 33.5 

St. Mary's 20.1 13.9 6.2 

Somerset 3.1 0.1 3.0 

Talbot 11.0 -0.7 11.7 

Washington 7.0 3.9 3.1 

Wicomico 13.6 3.7 9.9 

Worcester 14.8 1.9 12.9 

STATE TOTAL 5.7 5.7 0-0 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, unpublished data obtained from the Maryland 
Department of Health and Mental Hygiene through the Federal-State 
Cooperative Program for Population Estimates, issued July 1980. 



-32- 



No. 11 

MIGRATION TO AND FROM MARYLAND: 1965-1970 
BY STATE 



STATE 



FROM MARYLAND 



TO MARYLAND 



New England 




Maine 


1,540 


New Hampshire 


1,386 


Vermont 


792 


Massachusetts 


8.387 


Rhode Island 


2,334 


Connecticut 


6,0*4 


Middle Atlantic 




New York 


18,258 


New Jersey 


15,244 


Pennsylvania 


31,686 


East North Central 




Ohio 


11.397 


Indiana 


4,025 


Illinois 


8,677 


Michigan 


6,226 


Wisconsin 


2,303 


West North Central 




Minnesota 


2,129 


Iowa 


1,122 


Missouri 


3,347 


North Dakota 


367 


South Dakota 


244 


Nebraska 


884 


Kansas 


2,222 


South Atlantic 




Delaware 


9,191 


MARYLAND (internal flow) 


116,600 


District of Columbia 


12,022 


Virginia 


43,293 


West Virginia 


9,891 


North Carolina 


13,020 


South Carolina 


5,678 


Georgia 


7,181 


Florida 


27,852 


East South Central 




Kentucky 


3,625 


Tennessee 


4,852 


Alabama 


2,910 


Mississippi 


1,122 


West South Central 




Arkansas 


1,110 


Louisiana 


2,401 


Oklahoma 


1,947 


Texas 


11,241 


Mountain 




Montana 


419 


Idaho 


369 


Wyoming 


240 


Colorado 


4,719 


New Mexico 


1,222 


Arizona 


2,894 


Utah 


841 


Nevada 


819 


Pacific 




Washington 


3,596 


Oregon 


1,294 


Call fornla 


25,551 


Alaska 


1,364 


Hawaii 


3,161 



2,073 
1,170 
689 
11,785 
2,548 
6,242 



35,822 
20,051 
42,881 



17,235 
5,299 

10,828 
7,599 
3,246 



3,212 
1,889 
4,121 
767 
803 
2,065 
3,149 



6,492 

71,371 
50,002 
12,605 
14,070 
5,633 
7,303 
16,748 



3,245 
5,427 
4,348 
1,760 



1,123 

3,338 

3,189 

12,290 



552 
555 

423 
3,798 
2,400 
1,848 
1,194 

710 



3,253 
1,487 
24,487 
1,320 
3,596 



MARYLAND TOTAL 



332,479 



448,041 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Final Report PC (2) 2E, 
1970, Table 4. _ 33 _ 



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-37- 



NO. 16 

COMPARATIVE POPULATION ESTIMATE AND VITAL STATISTICS DATA, BY RACE 

FOR MARYLAND REGIONS, 1977 



RACE AND REGION 



Total 



Northwest Area 
Baltimore Metro Area 
Nat' 1 Capital Area 
Southern Area 
Eastern Shore Area 

White 

Northwest Area 
Baltimore Metro Area 
Nat' 1 Capital Area 
Southern Area 
Eastern Shore Area 















INFANT 


POPULATION 






INFANT 


BIRTH 


DEATH 


M0RTALI1 


JULY 1, 197 7 


BIRTHS 


DEATHS 


DEATHS 


RATE 1 


RATE l 


RATE 2 


4,137,090 


55,828 


32,129 


804 


13.5 


7.8 


14.4 


319,680 


4,103 


3,024 


53 


12.8 


9.5 


12.9 


2,145,750 


28.741 


18,456 


440 


13.4 


8.6 


15.3 


1,306,860 


17,643 


7,109 


233 


13.5 


5.4 


13.2 


83,110 


1 ,505 


586 


17 


18.1 


7.1 


11.3 


281,690 


3,836 


2,954 


61 


13.6 


10.5 


15.9 


3,194,420 


38,854 


25,682 


445 


12.2 


8.0 


11.5 


306,900 


3,903 


2,912 


49 


12.7 


9.5 


12.6 


1,590,220 


18,801 


13,898 


215 


11.8 


8.7 


11.4 


1,009,370 


12,203 


6,148 


136 


12.1 


6.1 


11.1 


65,230 


1,193 


455 


14 


18.3 


7.0 


11.7 


222.700 


2,754 


2,269 


31 


12.4 


10.2 


11.3 



All Other Races 

Northwest Area 
Baltimore Metro Area 
Nat' 1 Capital Area 
Southern Area 
Eastern Shore Area 



942,670 



16,974 6,447 



359 



18.0 



6.8 



21.1 



12,780 


200 


112 


4 


15.6 


8.8 


20.0* 


555.530 


9,940 


4,558 


225 


17.9 


8.2 


22.6 


297,490 


5,440 


961 


97 


18.3 


3.2 


17.8 


17,880 


312 


131 


3 


17,4 


7.3 


9.6* 


58,990 


1,082 


685 


30 


18.3 


11.6 


27.7 



(^Per 1,000 population. 
(2)per 1,000 live births. 

*Asterisk indicates rates based on a frequency of less than 10. 

Note: The geographic regions of the State and the political subdivisions they include are 



Northwest 
vrea 



Southern 
Area 



Baltimore Metro 
Area 



National Capital 
Area 



Eastern Shore 
Area 



Garrett 
Al legany 
Washington 
Frederick 



Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel 

Carroll 

Howard 

Harford 



Calvert Baltimore City Montgomery Cecil 

St. Mary's Baltimore Prince George's Kent 

Charles Queen Anne's 

Caroline 
Talbot 
Dorchester 
Wicomico 
Somerset 
Worcester " 
Sourco: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Vital Statistics Annual Report 1977. 



-38- 



NO, 17 

MARRIAGE BY RESIDENT STATUS AND TYPE OF CEREMONY, BY POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISION OF OCCURRENCE: 1977 





RRIAGES BY RES 


nce(D 

NON-RF.smt ntsO) 


TYPE OF 


CEREMONY 












CIVIL 




POLITICAL SUB- 






DIVISION OF 




MARYLAND RES- 




PER- 






PER- 


OCCURRENCE 


TOTAL 


IDENTS^ 


NUMBER 


CENT 


RELIGIOUS 


NUMBER 


CENT 


Mar viand 


45,170 


35,743 


10,427 


23.1 


29,562 


15,608 


34.6 


Western Marvland 
















Garrett 


1,020 


266 


754 


73.9 


550 


470 


46.1 


Al leganv 


1,357 


776 


581 


42.8 


836 


521 


38.4 


Washington 


2,017 


1 ,103 


914 


45.3 


1 .154 


863 


42.8 


Frederick 


1,000 


864 


136 


13.6 


753 


247 


24.7 


Baltimore SMSA 
















Baltimore City 


7,035 


6,731 


304 


4.3 


4,753 


2,282 


32.4 


Baltimore County 


5,731 


5,457 


274 


4.8 


4,468 


1,263 


22.0 


Anne Arundel 


3.162 


2,859 


303 


9.6 


2,412 


750 


23.7 


Carroll 


871 


704 


167 


19.2 


618 


253 


29.0 


Howa rd 


1,066 


1,015 


51 


4.8 


706 


360 


33.8 


Harford 


1,401 


1,128 


273 


19.5 


905 


496 


35.4 


Wash. D.C. SMSA 
















Charles 


560 


480 


80 


14.3 


344 


216 


38.6 


Montgomery 


5,507 


4,324 


1,183 


21.5 


3,894 


1 .613 


29.3 


Prince George's 


6 200 


5,413 


787 


12.7 


3,826 


2,374 


38.3 


Southern Maryland 
















Calvert 


244 


233 


11 


4.5 


189 


55 


22.5 


Sa int Mary ' s 


487 


463 


24 


4.9 


325 


162 


33.3 


Eastern Shore 
















Cecil 


4,507 


681 


3,826 


84.9 


1,395 


3,112 


69.0 


Kent 


175 


145 


30 


17.1 


126 


49 


28.0 


Queen Anne's 


195 


178 


17 


8.7 


165 


30 


15.4 


Caroline 


479 


224 


255 


53.2 


388 


91 


19.0 


Talbot 


305 


272 


33 


10.8 


256 


49 


16.1 


Dorchester 


281 


269 


12 


4.3 


252 


29 


10.3 


Wicomico 


931 


717 


214 


23.0 


729 


202 


21.7 


Somerset 


180 


161 


19 


10.6 


155 


25 


13.9 


Worcester 


459 


280 


179 


39.0 


363 


96 


20.9 


^'Marriages refer 


to the number of ceremonies performed in 


Maryland areas - not th 


e 



number of persons married. 



(2) 



One or both partners were residents of Maryland. 



3)Both partners were non-residents of Maryland. 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Vital Statistics Annual Report 1977. 



-39- 



NO. 18 

BIRTHS AND BIRTH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND 
AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS: 1977 



NUMBER OF BIRTHS 



BIRTH RATES^ 1 ) 



POLITICAL 






ALL OTHER 






ALL OTHER 


SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


RACES 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


RACES 


MARYLAND 


55,828 


38,854 


16,974 


13.5 


12.2 


18.0 


WESTERN MARYLAND 














Garrett 


374 


373 


1 


14.6 


14.6 


12.5 


Allegany 


943 


912 


31 


11.6 


11.4 


22.5 


Washington 


1,371 


1,308 


63 


12.6 


12.5 


13.7 


Frederick 


1,415 


1,310 


105 


13.6 


13.5 


15.6 


BALTIMORE SMSA 














Baltimore City 


11,902 


4,114 


7,788 


14.7 


11.0 


18.0 


Baltimore County 


7,098 


6,198 


900 


11.1. 


10.5 


18.5 


Anne Arundel 


5,154 


4,367 


787 


14.5 


14.0 


18.0 


Carroll 


1,137 


1,102 


35 


12.8 


12.9 


11.4 


Howard 


1,495 


1,284 


211 


13.6 


13.4 


14.5 


Harford 


1,955 


1,736 


219 


13.6 


13.2 


17.8 


WASHINGTON, D. C. SMSA 














Charles 


1,019 


757 


262 


15.7 


15.2 


17.3 


Montgomery 


6,815 


5,710 


1,105 


11.9 


11.2 


17.4 


Prince George's 


9,809 


5,736 


4,073 


14.7 


12.7 


18.6 


SOUTHERN MARYLAND 














Calvert 


515 


362 


153 


17.2 


16.6 


18.6 


St. Mary's 


990 


831 


159 


18.6 


19.1 


16.4 


EASTERN SHORE 














Cecil 


808 


749 


59 


14.5 


14.2 


20.3 


Kent 


178 


137 


41 


10.8 


10.9 


10.5 


Queen Anne's 


298 


227 


71 


13.2 


12.4 


16.7 


Caroline 


326 


251 


75 


14.7 


13.9 


18.2 


Talbot 


284 


213 


71 


11.0 


10.5 


12.6 


Dorchester 


395 


210 


185 


12.9 


9.9 


19.4 


Wicomico 


885 


592 


293 


14.6 


12.5 


22.3 


Somerset 


276 


146 


130 


13.9 


11.7 


17.4 


Worcester 


386 


229 


157 


13.9 


11.6 


19.6 



(1 'Birth rates are per 1,000 population. 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Vital Statistics Annual Report 1977. 



-40- 



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-41- 



NO. 20 



SELECTED MORTALITY DATA BY 



rac l : 

1973- 



MARYLAND 
976 



AND THE UNITED STATES 



DEATH RATES ( D 





1 


^OTAL 


WHIT 


E 


NONWH1TE 


YEAR 


MARYLAND 


UNITED 
STATES 


MARY 1 AND 


UNITED 
STATES 


MARYLAND UNITED 
STATES 


1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 


7.9 
7.8 
8.1 
8.1 


8.9 
8.9 
9.2 
9.4 


8.1 
8.0 
8 2 
8.2 


9.0 
9.0 
0.2 
9.4 


7.3 8.2 
7.1 8.3 
7.5 8.7 
7.8 9.1 



INFANT DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS^ 2 ) 



1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 



17.3 


15.2 


13.7 


13.3 


25.7 


23.5 


17.6 


16.1 


15.6 


14.2 


22.5 


24.2 


15.9 


16.7 


14.1 


14.8 


20.7 


24.9 


15.8 


17.7 


13.9 


15.8 


21.2 


26 2 



NEONATAL DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS 



(3) 



1976 


13.1 


10 9 


10.4 


9.7 


19.8 


16.3 


1975 


13.3 


11.6 


12.0 


10.4 


16.6 


16.8 


1974 


11.9 


12.3 


10.6 


11.1 


15.5 


17.2 


1973 


1 1.3 


13.0 


9.9 


11.8 


15.0 


17.9 



^"^Death rates are per 1,000 population. 
'^Death occurring to a person under one year. 
(^)Denth occurring to a person under 28 days. 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report, 1976. 



-42- 



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-43- 



NO. 22 
DEATHS AND DEATH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND 
AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS: 1977 









NUMBER 


OF DEATHS 




DEATH RATESO) 


POLITICAL 










ALL OTHER 






ALL OTHER 


SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


RACES 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


RACES 


MARYLAND 


32 


,129 


25 


,682 


6,447 


7.8 


8.0 


6.8 


WESTERN MARYLAND 


















Garrett 




252 




252 





9.8 


9.9 





AlLegany 




953 




938 


15 


11.8 


11.8 


10.9 


Washington 




999 




966 


33 


9.1 


9.2 


7.2 


Frederick. 




820 




756 


64 


7.9 


7.8 


9.5 


BALTIMORE SMSA 


















Baltimore City 


9 


,418 


5 


,511 


3,907 


11.7 


14.7 


9.0 


Baltimore County 


5 


,084 


4 


,838 


246 


7.9 


8.2 


5.1 


Anne Arundel 


2 


,071 


1 


,823 


248 


5.8 


5.8 


5.7 


Carroll 




624 




603 


21 


7.0 


7.0 


6.9 


Howard 




459 




403 


56 


4.2 


4.2 


3.9 


Harford 




800 




720 


80 


5.6 


5.5 


6.5 


WASHINGTON, D. C. SMSA 


















Charles 




368 




279 


89 


5.7 


5.6 


5.9 


Montgomery 


3 


,382 


3 


,162 


220 


5.9 


6.2 


3.5 


Prince George's 


3 


,359 


2 


,707 


652 


5.0 


6.0 


3.0 


SOUTHERN MARYLAND 


















Calvert 




263 




197 


66 


8.8 


9.0 


8.0 


St. Mary's 




323 




258 


65 


6.1 


5.9 


6.7 


EASTERN SHORE 


















Cecil 




439 




409 


30 


7.9 


7.7 


10.3 


Kent 




198 




149 


49 


12.0 


11.9 


12.5 


Queen Anne's 




224 




186 


38 


9.9 


10.1 


9.0 


Caroline 




266 




209 


57 


12.0 


11.6 


13.8 


Talbot 




284 




219 


65 


11.0 


10.8 


11.5 


Dorchester 




365 




258 


107 


11.9 


12.2 


11.2 


Wicomico 




607 




449 


158 


10.0 


9.5 


12.0 


Somerset 




263 




169 


94 


13.2 


13.6 


12.6 


Worcester 




308 




221 


87 


11.1 


11.2 


10.9 



(l/Death rates are per 1,000 population. 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Vital Statistics Annual Report 1977. 



-44- 



EDUCATION 

Education has been standing in the spotlight of publicity throughout the 
Seventies. Nearly 778,000 people were enrolled in public schools throughout 
Maryland in 1979. Following the national trend, elementary school enrollment 
has been declining due to decreases in the population of persons of elementary 
school age. Despite the decreases in births, nursery school attendance has 
been climbing. While most formal education takes place in the public school 
environment, approximately three-fourths of nursery school enrollment is in 
private schools. 

On a statewide basis, the cost per pupil has risen to $2,049 and the 
number of pupils per teacher and administrator has declined to 16.2. 

Public high schools in Maryland graduated over 55,000 students in 1979, 
roughly 600 fewer graduates than the previous year. The percentage of 1979 
graduates (43 percent) continuing into higher education was slightly higher 
than in 1978. 

Over 28,800 full time students were enrolled for the Fall 1979 term in 
the 22 two-year colleges here. If one includes part time students, the figure 
exceeds 89,300. The 30 four-year colleges and universities comprised a full 
time undergraduate enrollment of more than 70,500 students. Added to this figure 
are 29,500 part time students and roughly 30,000 graduate students, bringing the 
total to nearly 130,000 students enrolled in institutions of higher education in 
Maryland. 

Federal support to institutions of higher education in Maryland during fiscal 
year 1978 amounted to over $308.5 million of which $247.4 million (80.2 percent) 
was directed towards academic science programs. 



-45- 



NO. 23 

NUMBER OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

SEPTEMBER 30, 1979 



POLITICAL 










SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


ELEMENTARY* 


SECONDARY 


COMBINED^-) 


MARYLAND 


1,324 


852 


327 


145 


Al legany 


30 


17 


8 


5 


Anne Arundel 


110 


74 


23 


13 


Baltimore City 


202 


136 


53 


13 


Bait imore 


159 


106 


45 


8 


Calvert 


13 


7 


3 


3 


Caroline 


9 


4 


4 


1 


Carroll 


29 


16 


5 


8 


Cecil 


27 


16 


6 


5 


Charles 


29 


16 


6 


7 


Dorchester 


15 


7 


3 


5 


Frederick 


38 


22 


10 


6 


Garrett 


17 


13 


2 


2 


Harford 


42 


26 


10 


6 


Howard 


48 


27 


9 


12 


Kent 


8 


3 


1 


4 


Montgomery 


185 


126 


47 


12 


Prince George's 


217 


148 


62 


7 


Queen Anne's 


9 


5 


1 


3 


St . Mary ' s 


26 


18 


4 


4 


Somerset 


14 


6 


3 


5 


Talbot 


11 


6 


3 


2 


Washington 


47 


31 


8 


8 


Wicomico 


24 


15 


7 


2 


Worcester 


15 


7 


4 


4 



*Includes one one-teacher school in Somerset. 

'^'Includes middle and other schools. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Office of Administration, 
Nu mber of Maryland Public Schools by Organizati o n, Enrollment, 
and Staff, September 30, 1979, April 1980 report. 



-46- 



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-48- 



NO. 26 

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PUPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL, 
MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1978-1979 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISION TOTAL ELEMENTARY SECONDARY 

MARYLAND 16.2 16.9 15.6 

Allegany 16.7 17.2 16.2 

Anne Arundel 17.7 17.8 16.3 

Baltimore City 16.4 16.0 16.8 

Baltimore 15.1 16.3 14.1 

Calvert 16.5 18.2 15.2 

Caroline 16.1 16.0 16.1 

Carroll 17.7 21.2 15.1 

Cecil 17.3 17.3 17.2 

Charles 16.7 18.4 15.3 

Dorchester 14.1 13.9 14.4 

Frederick 17.0 16.6 17.5 

Garrett 16.9 17.0 16.9 

Harford 16.7 18.9 15.0 

Howard 16.6 18.5 15.1 

Kent 15.1 13.3 17.2 

Montgomery 15.5 17.1 14.2 

Prince George's 16.5 16.2 16.7 

Queen Anne's 16.8 16.2 17.4 

St. Mary's 16.3 18.2 14.7 

Somerset 14.2 13.7 14.7 

Talbot 13.9 15.4 12.9 

Washington 17.1 20.1 14.9 

Wicomico 15.7 16.7 14.8 

Worcester- 14.4 13.5 15.3 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by Maryland State Department of Education. 



-49- 



NO. 27 

ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY TEACHERS AND 
PRINCIPALS IN MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 

1980 AND 1977 



POLITICAL PERCENT CHANGE 

SUBDIVISION 1980 1977 1980/1977 



MARYLAND 44,648 45,767 -2.4 

Allegany 797 794 0.4 

Anne Arundel 3,972 3,961 0.3 

Baltimore City 8,011 8,719 -8.1 

Baltimore 6,191 6,528 -5.2 

Calvert 455 382 19.1 

Caroline 283 276 2.5 

Carroll 1,059 981 8.0 

Cecil 713 629 13.4 

Charles 979 845 15.9 

Dorchester 345 328 5.2 

Frederick 1,269 1,062 19.5 

Garrett 327 306 6.9 

Harford 1,805 1,784 1.2 

Howard 1,426 1,295 10.1 

Kent 193 192 0.5 

Montgomery 6,105 6,531 -6.5 

Prince George's 6,918 7,467 -7.4 

Queen Anne's 268 246 8.9 

St. Mary's 684 632 8.2 

Somerset 233 234 -0.4 

Talbot 259 287 -9.8 

Washington 1,241 1,197 3.7 

Wicomico 753 749 0.5 

Worcester 362 382 -5.2 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Administration, Staff 
Employed at School and Central Office Levels, Maryland Public Schoo l s, 
1979-80 and 1976-77. 



-50- 



NO. 28 

COST PER PUPIL BELONGING: CURRENT EXPENSES, MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1979/80 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION COST PER PUPIL BELONGING STATE AID PER PUPIL ($) 



Maryland Average $2,049 $376 

Montgomery 2,607 183 

Baltimore 2,191 297 

Prince George's 2,174 393 

Dorchester 2,132 436 

Kent 2,104 365 

Worcester 2,093 67 

Talbot 2,054 162 

Calvert 2,035 322 

Howard 2,013 298 

Somerset 1,931 501 

Baltimore City 1,892 500 

Allegany 1,880 484 

Anne Arundel 1,879 390 

Charles 1,845 468 

St. Mary's 1,840 483 

Washington 1,820 437 

Wicomico 1,762 419 

Harford 1,743 453 

Queen Anne's 1 ,739 356 

Frederick 1,729 404 

Caroline 1,693 506 

Garrett 1 ,684 461 

Cecil 1,664 480 

Carroll 1,555 416 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public 
Education, 1979/80. 



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NO. 30 
HOLDING POWER OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS IN MARYLAND, 1969-1979 



YEAR OF 


NUMBER OF 


GRADUATION 


GRADUATES 


1979 


55,276 


1978 


55,880 


1977 


55,503 


1976 


56,063 


1975 


55,336 


1974 


54,128 


1973 


52,813 


1972 


50,370 


1971 


48,219 


1970 


46,462 


1969 


44,583 



GRADUATES AS 
9TH GRADE ENROLLMENT PERCENTAGE OF 

FOUR YEARS EARLIER 9TH GRADE ENROLLMENT 



73,758 74.9 

73,375 76.2 

72,350 76.7 

72,040 77.8 

70,460 78.5 

67,812 79.8 

65,303 80.9 

62,802 80.2 

58,965 81.8 

58,753 79.1 

56,706 78.6 



1 'Holding power refers to the number of graduates as percentage of 9th grade enrollment 
four years earlier. 

Source: Maryland Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public Education , 1979-1980 



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-54- 





NO. 32 

SOURCE OF CURRENT FUNDS AND DISBURSEMENTS, MARYLAND 
PUBLIC SCHOOLS: SCHOOL YEAR 1979-80 




INCOME SOURCE OR AMOUNT 

DISBURSEMENT ($) PERCENT OF TOTAL 




Income Source* 


Federal Funds 142,631,180 8.4 
State Funds 600,068,631 35.4 
Local Funds 952.175,354 56.2 
Disbursements** 


Instruction 1,028,902,326 60.0 
Maintenance and Operation 219,848,417 12.8 
OtherO) 354,273,247 20.6 
Pupil Transportation 74,253,096 4.3 
Administration 39,114,357 2.3 


- 

- 
- 


*Includes monies covering current expense for capital outlay, Teachers' Retirement and Social 
Security paid direct by the State, and federal and State funds for food service programs. 
Excludes income for school construction and debt service. 



**Excludes disbursements for school construction and debt service. 

i '^'Includes fixed charges, outgoing transfers, pupil personnel, health, food, student 
body activities, community services, food programs, teachers' retirement and Social 
Security. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public Education , 
1979-80. 



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M 
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NO. 34 



ENROLLMENT IN STATE ACCREDITED TWO YEAR COLLEGES: FALL 1979 



COLLEGE 



FULL TIME 
TOTAL 



PART TIME 
TOTAL 



TOTAL 



TOTAL, ALL INSTITUTIONS 



28,819 



60,525 



89,344 



ubllc Institutions, Total 
Allegany Community College 
Anne Arundel Community College 
Catonsville Community College 
Cecil Community College 
Charles County Community College 
Chesapeake College 
Community College of Baltimore 
Dundalk Community College 
Essex Community College 
Frederick Community College 
Garrett Community College 
Hagerstown Junior College 
Harford Community College 
Howard Community College 
Montgomery Community College 
Montgomery Community College 
Montgomery Community College - Germantown 
Prince George's Community College 
Wor-Wic Tech Community College 



ndependent Institutions, Total 
Hagerstown Business College 
Maryland College of Art & Design 
Villa Julie College 



Rockville 
Takoraa Park 



28,101 

1,142 

2,181 

2,471 

282 

903 

422 

3,663 

492 

2,478 

585 

310 

878 

1,213 

612 

4,545 

1,129 

277 

4,322 

196 



718 

266 

48 

404 



60,261 


88,362 


635 


1,777 


5,185 


7,366 


8,640 


11,111 


887 


1,169 


2,872 


3,775 


1,209 


1,631 


4,615 


8,278 


1,804 


2,296 


6,893 


9,371 


1,225 


1,810 


356 


666 


1,263 


2,141 


2,760 


3,973 


2,009 


2,621 


7,083 


11,628 


1,926 


3,055 


1,361 


1,638 


9,155 


13,477 


383 


579 


264 


982 





266 


64 


112 


200 


604 



-i 



aurce: Maryland State Board for Higher Education, Record , January 1980, Profile of Higher 
Education in Maryland - 1980 . 






-57- 



NO. 35 
ENROLLMENT IN STATE ACCREDITED FOUR YEAR COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES: FALL 1979 







UNDERGRADUATES 


GRADUATE 


AND PROF. 






FULL 


PART 


FULL 


PART 


COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY 


GRAND TOTAL 


TIME 


TIME 


TIME 


TIME 


Total Enrollment, All Institutions 


129,719 


70,575 


29,524 


11,075 


18,545 


Public Institutions, Total 


101,286 


57,318 


25,542 


6,921 


11,505 


State Colleges & Universities 












(under Bd. of Trustees of SU&C) 


34,420 


19,787 


8,543 


1,385 


4,705 


Bowie State College 


2,879 


1,375 


674 


68 


762 


Coppin State College 


2,825 


2,101 


469 


63 


192 


Frostburg State College 


3,612 


2,820 


232 


66 


494 


Salisbury State College 


4,427 


2,944 


887 


44 


552 


Towson State University 


15,283 


9,535 


4,294 


131 


1,323 


University of Baltimore 


5,394 


1,012 


1,987 


1,013 


1,382 


Morgan State University 


5,012 


3,776 


710 


128 


398 


St. Mary's College 


1,318 


1,124 


194 








University of Maryland, Total 


60,536 


32,631 


16,095 


5,408 


6,402 


Baltimore City 


4,777 


1,160 


181 


2,667 


769 


Baltimore County 


6,393 


4,698 


1,257 


134 


304 


College Park 


37,192 


25,092 


4,743 


2,581 


4,776 


Eastern Shore 


1,117 


928 


141 


10 


38 


University College 


11,057 


753 


9,773 


16 


515 


Independent Institutions, Total 


28,433 


13,257 


3,982 


4,154 


7,040 


Antioch College 


316 


158 


9 


141 


8 


Baltimore Hebrew College 


199 


24 


64 


111 





Capitol Institute of Tech. 


681 


416 


265 








Columbia Union College 


884 


693 


191 








DeSales Hall School of Theol. 


23 








21 


2 


Eastern Christian College 


36 


18 


18 








Goucher College 


989 


888 


28 


62 


11 


Hood College 


1,770 


919 


199 


34 


618 


Johns Hopkins University 


9,501 


2,227 


1,544 


2,436 


3,294 


Loyola College 


5,217 


2,111 


645 


411 


2,050 


Maryland Institute of Art 


942 


746 


107 


74 


15 


Mount St. Mary's College 


1,749 


1,366 


88 


187 


108 


Ner Israel Rabbinical College 


264 


155 





104 


5 


College of Notre Dame of Md . 


1,140 


543 


597 








Peabody Institute of 












Johns Hopkins University 


448 


234 


45 


90 


79 


St. Johns College 


392 


390 


2 








St. Mary's Seminary and Univ. 


318 


27 





153 


138 


Washington Bible College 


568 


331 


140 


80 


17 


Washington College 


823 


698 





29 


96 


Washington Theological Coalition 


166 








134 


32 


Western Maryland College 


2,007 


1,313 


40 


87 


567 


Source: Maryland State Board for High 


er Education, 


Record, Ja 


nuary 1980, 


Profile of 


Higher 


Education in Maryland — 1980. 


-58- 











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NO. 39 

FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS TO UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN MARYLAND 

BY TYPE OF ACTIVITY: FY 1978 

(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 





TOTAL 








ACADEMIC SCIENCE 












TOTAL 


RESEARCH 




FACIL FOR 


FELLOWSHIPS 


GENERAL 






ALL 


ACADEMIC 


& 


R&D 


INSTR IN 


TRAINEESHIPS 


SUPPORT 


OTHER 


NON- 




ACTIVITIES 


SCIENCE 


DEVELOP. 


PLANT 


SCI & ENG 


TRNG GRANTS 


FOR SCI 


SCI 


SCI 


MARYLAND TOTAL 


308,507 


247 


,411 


235,404 


59 


945 


6,016 


1,453 


3,534 


61,096 


Allegany Cmty Col 


673 




2 











2 








671 


Anne Arundel Cmty Col 


342 

























342 


Bay College of Md 


1,503 

























1,503 


Bowie St Col 


1,355 




95 


63 








32 








1,260 


Capitol Inst of Tech 


71 

























71 


Catonsvllle Cmty Col 


1,197 




6 


5 








1 








1,191 


Cecil Cmty Col 


124 

























124 


Charles Co Cmty Col 


462 




335 


63 








272 








127 


Chesapeake Col 


280 







' 

















280 


Cmty Col of Baltimore 


5,604 

























5,604 


Col of Notre Dame of Md 


143 




8 








8 











135 


Columbia Union Col 


363 

























363 


Coppin St Col 


3,928 




141 


49 








92 








3,787 


Dundalk Cmty Col 


451 

























451 


Essex Cmty Col 


1,170 




234 














234 





936 


Frederick Cmty Col 


120 

























120 


Frostburg St Col 


854 

























854 


Garrett Cmty Col 


121 

























121 


Goucher Col 


379 




28 


28 

















351 


Hagerstown Jr Col 


235 

























235 


Harford Cmty Col 


478 




5 


5 

















473 


Hood Col 


1,617 




265 














250 


15 


1,352 


Howard Co Cmty Col 
Johns Hopkins U (1 > 


292 




75 











75 








217 


212,866 


202 


,533 


196,081 


21 


846 


4,826 


542 


217 


10,333 


Loyola Col 


268 

























268 


Maryland Col Art & D 


17 

























17 


Maryland Inst Col of Art 


506 

























506 


Montgomery Col-Rockville 


1,679 




9 


8 





1 











1,670 


Morgan State U 


5,281 




103 


50 





4 


49 








5,178 


Mount St Mary's Col 


144 

























144 


Ner Israel Rabbinic Col 


108 

























108 


Peabodv Inst-J Hankins U 


199 

























199 


Prince George's Cmty Col 


1,328 

























1,328 


Salisbury St Col 


696 

























696 


St John's Col 


560 




137 


137 

















423 


St Joseph Col (Md) 


1 

























1 


St Mary's Col of Md 


181 

























181 


St Mary's Sem 4 U 


19 

























19 


Towson St U 


2,014 




166 


117 





12 








37 


1,848 


U of Md Baltimore Co 


2,511 




750 


684 








13 


27 


26 


1,761 


U of Md Eastern Sh 


2,922 


1 


,176 


Ao 











147 


389 


1,746 


U of Sys Off 


2,163 


1 


,556 


1,535 














21 


607 


U of Md Bait Prof Sch 


23,467 


16 


,970 


16,592 








234 


144 





6,497 


U of Md College Park 


28,562 


22 


,787 


19,347 


38 


54 


410 


109 


2,829 


5,775 


U of Baltimore 


459 

























459 


Villa Julie Col 


193 

























193 


Wash Bible Col 


148 

























148 


Wash Col 


83 




20 








20 











63 


West Maryland Col 


301 




10 











10 








291 


Wor-Wic Tech Cmty Col 


69 

























69 



(1) 



Total and R&D data for Johns Hopkins University include funding for components formerly shown separately as university-administered 
federally- funded research and development centers (Applied Physics Lab. -JHU: $136,140) . 



Source: National Science Foundation, Federal Support To Universities, Colleges, and Selected Nonprofit Institutions, FY 1978 . 



-66- 



NO. 40 

FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS TO UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN MARYLAND 

BY AGENCY: FY 1978 

(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



rotAi 



mm 



•JUTLAND TOTAL 



308,507 



140,251 4,908 



2,850 



134,713 



423 



Allegany Caty Col 


673 





Anne Arundel Caty Col 


342 





Bay College of Hd 


1,503 





Bowie St Col 


1,355 


1 


Capitol Inst of Tech 


71 





Catonsvllle Caty Col 


1,197 





Cecil Caty Col 


124 


e 


Charles Co Caty Col 


462 





Chesapeake Col 


280 





Caty Col of Baltlaore 


5.604 





Col of Notre Daae of Md 


143 





Coluabla Union Col 


363 





Copplc St Col 


3,928 





Dundalk Caty Col 


451 





Essex Caty Col 


1,170 





Frederick Caty Col 


120 





Frostburg St Col 


854 





Garrett Caty Col 


121 





Goucher Col 


379 





Bagerstovn Jr Col 


235 





Harford Caty Col 


478 





Hood Col 


1,617 





Howard Co Caty Col 
Johns Hopkins U W 


292 





212,866 


346 


Loyola Col 


268 





Maryland Col Art & D 


17 





Maryland Inst Col of Art 


506 





Montgomery Col-Rc kvl 


1,679 





Morgan State U 


5,281 





Mount St Mary's Col 


144 





Her Israel Rabbinic Col 


108 





Peabody Inst- J Hopkins U 


199 





Prince George's Caty Col 


1,328 





Salisbury St Col 


696 





St John's Col 


560 





St Joseph Col (Hd) 


1 





St Mary's Col of Md 


181 





St Mary's Sea a 


19 





Towson St U 


2,014 





of Md Baltlaore Co 


2,511 


88 


of Md Eastern Sh 


2,922 


862 


of Md Sys Off 


2,163 


493 


of Md Bait Prof Sch 


23,467 





of Md College Park 


28,562 


4,361 


U of Baltlaore 


459 





»llla Julie Col 


193 





Hash Bible Col 


148 





Hash Col 


83 





West Maryland Col 


301 





Uor-Vlc Tech Caty Col 


69 















2 


671 


























342 


























1,503 


























1,259 





95 




















71 























1 


1,971 








5 

















124 























326 


136 


























280 


























5,604 


























135 








8 

















363 


























3,879 





49 




















451 


























936 








234 

















120 


























854 


























121 


























351 








28 

















235 


























473 








5 

















1,352 








265 

















292 














89 


137,344 


1,386 


1,098 


65,481 


51 


1,275 


5,020 


366 














268 


























17 


























506 


























1,670 





8 


1 

















5,178 





65 


38 

















144 


























108 


























199 


























1,328 


























696 


























423 








137 

















1 


























181 


























19 

















90 


27 





1,848 








49 

















2,221 








202 

















1,893 





167 








630 











691 

















410 





450 


22,251 





38 


318 








2,407 


3,495 


973 


7,614 


214 


2,420 


6,956 


57 














459 


























193 


























148 


























63 








20 

















301 


























69 















824 

























410 


















349 

65 









1 Total and DOD data for Johns Hopkins U. Including funding for components formerly shown separately as university-administered federally funded 
research and development centers (Applied Physics Lab-JHU, 5136,140). 

Socrce: National Science Foundation, Federal Support to Universities. Colleges, And Selected Nonprofit Institutions. FY 1978 . 



-67- 



HEALTH SERVICES 

During the 1980 Fiscal Year, Maryland's hospitals for the mentally 
ill treated nearly 14,000 patients, a decrease of 9 percent from the number 
of patients treated during 1979. This decrease continues a trend observed 
for several years which may be due to shortened periods of hospitalization 
of new admissions and the gradual continuing decrease in the number of long 
term patients. The average daily size of the patient population declined 
5 percent during this period, from 3,724 in 1979 to 3,537 in 1980. 

It is generally believed that the rate of occurrence of most 
mental illnesses has not changed appreciably and that these figures reflect 
the growing acceptance and usage of psychiatric hospitals and clinics for 
the short term intensive treatment of alcoholism and acute psychoneurotic 
and personality disturbances. 

In general health care, there were more than 22,100 hospital beds 
in the State as of May 1980, and there were roughly 27,300 beds in other 
types of health care facilities here. And, according to the most recent 
data available (1977-78), there were, on a Statewide average, 1,441 
Marylanders per physician providing primary patient care. As one might 
expect, there is considerable variation among the political subdivisions 
of the State. 



-68- 



NO. 41 

DISTRIBUTION OF PHYSICIANS AND NUMBER OF BEDS 
IN HOSPITALS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 





NUMBER OF 


NUMBER OF 


PERSONS PER 




BEDS 


BEDS IN 


PHYSICIAN PRO- 


POLITICAL 




IN 


LICENSED 


VIDING PRIMARY 


SUBDIVISION 


HOSPITALS^) 


INSTITUTIONS^ 2 ) 


PATIENT CAREO) 




AS OF 


MAY 1980 


AS OF MAY 1980 


1977-78 


Allegany 




659 


577 


1,675 


Anne Arundel 


1 


,378 


1,036 


2,516 


Baltimore City 


7 


,952 


6,273 


1,805 


Baltimore 


3 


,466 


7,293 


1,707 


Calvert 




111 


133 


2,892 


Caroline 




N/A 


52 


4,494 


Carroll 


1 


,874 


827 


2,207 


Cecil 




174 


256 


2,828 


Charles 




108 


105 


4,226 


Dorchester 




586 


248 


1,608 


Frederick 




226 


894 


2,197 


Garrett 




72 


335 


5,192 


Harford 




434 


379 


2,250 


Howard 




535 


80 


2,257 


Kent 




86 


38 


1,493 


Montgomery 


1 


,404 


3,606 


1,007 


Prince George's 


1 


,530 


1,937 


1,985 


Queen Anne's 




N/A 


151 


5,950 


St. Mary's 




86 


66 


3,932 


Somerset 




36 


64 


2,450 


Talbot 




226 


395 


1,197 


Washington 




609 


1,586 


2,694 


Wicomico 




575 


853 


1,793 


Worchester 




N/A 


108 


3,513 


MARYLAND 


22 


,127 


27,292 


1,441 



(1) 



Includes General Hospitals, Chronic Disease Hospitals, Mental Institutions, 



Tuberculosis Institutions, hospitals in Penal Institutions and Special 
Hospitals. 



(2) 



Includes Nursing Homes, Intermediate Care Facilities, Domiciliary Care, and 



Residential Treatment Centers for Emotionall Disturbed CHildren and/or 
Adolescents. 

'^^Data concerns the number of physicians by practice address as registered 

with the Board of Medical Examiners of the State of Maryland. Primary care 

specialities included are Family & General, Internists, Pediatrics, and 
Obstetrics/Gyn. 

Sources: Maryland State Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Division of 

Licensing and Certification, Directory of Acute General Hospitals and 
Special Hospitals , May 1980; Directory of Licensed Facilities , May 
1980. 

The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland, 
Characteristics of Physicians in Maryland 1977-78 . Based on data 
obtained from the Maryland Center for Health Statistics, and the 
Board of Examiners of the State of Maryland. 



-69- 



NO. 42 

PATIENT POPULATION, STATE PSYCHIATRIC INPATIENT FACILITIES: 

FISCAL YEARS 1974-1980 






AVERAGE SIZE OF TOTAL NUMBER TOTAL 

FISCAL YEAR PATIENT POPULATION TREATED ADMISSIONS SEPARATIC 













1980 


3,537 


13,965 


9,440 


9,772 


1979 


3,724 


15,365 


10,656 


10,645 


1978 


3,891 


15,643 


10,770 


10,539 


1977 


4,078 


16,478 


11,158 


11,111 


1976 


4,205 


16,118 


10,366 


10,318 



Source : 


Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics. Data obtained from Statistical Report for July 1, 1979 - June 30, 
July 1, 1976 - June 30, 1977; and July 1, 1973 - June 30, 1974. 


1980; 



-70- 



CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 

Maryland lies in the region midway between the rigorous climates of the 
North and the mild climates of the South. Since it is located in the middle 
latitudes where the general atmospheric flow is from West to East across 
North America, it has a continental type of climate with its marked temperature 
contrast between summer and winter; however, two important bodies of water, 
the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean have an important modifying control 
on the climate, especially by moderating extreme temperatures of adjacent areas. 

The average annual temperature ranges from 48° F. in the Garrett County 
area to 59° F. in the lower Chesapeake area. The highest temperature on 
record is 109° F. recorded at several places in Allegany and Frederick Counties, 
while the lowest is -40° F. at Oakland, Garrett County. Based on the 1941- 
1970 period, the average annual precipitation ranges from as much as 47 inches 
at opposite ends of the State, Allegany Plateau and Southern Eastern Shore, to 
as little as 36 inches in the Cumberland area located in the "rain shadow" just 
to the east of the Allegany Plateau. Elsewhere over the State, the annual pre- 
cipitation ranges monthly between 40 to 44 inches. Monthly distribution is 
quite uniform, averaging between 2 and 4 inches each month and reaching a 
maximum between 4 and 6 inches in July or August. Annual snowfall ranges from 
a minimum of 8 to 10 inches along the coastal areas of Southern Eastern Shore 
to a maximum of near 100 inches in parts of Garrett County. 

Prevailing winds are mostly from the west-northwest to northwest except 
during the months of May through September, when they become more southerly. 
Damaging or dangerous storms, such as tornadoes, hurricanes and blizzards, 
are infrequent. 



-71- 



The climate of Maryland is a dependable natural resource which provides 
an excellent setting for the agricultural, industrial, commercial and recrea- 
tional activities of its citizens. 

Included within this section is a rather detailed table showing cloud 
cover conditions in Maryland. It is indeed interesting to note the variations 
in the amount of cloud cover from region to region. These conditions determine 
the feasibility of many horticultural projects. 



-72- 



NO. 43 

LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 
CLTMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED 



STATION 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



LATITUDE 
(NORTH) 



LONGITUDE 
(WEST) 



ELEVATION 
(FEET) 



Annapolis (U.S. Naval Academy) 

Assateague State Park 

Baltimore Weather Bureau (City 
Office Customs House) 

Baltimore Weather Bureau (BWI) 

Boyds (2 miles northwest) 

Cambridge 

Centreville 

Chestertown 

Clarksvile (3 miles north- 
northeast) 

College Park 

Conowingo Dam 

Crisfield Dam 

Cumberland 

Denton 

Eastori 

Elkton 

Frederick 

Frostburg 



,Anne Arundel 38°59' 
Worchester 38°14' 
Baltimore City 39°17* 



Anne Arundel 

Montgomery 

Dorchester 

Queen Anne's 

Kent 

Howa r d 



390 11' 
30°12' 
38°34' 
39°03' 
39°13' 
39°15' 



Prince George's 38°59' 
Harford 39°39' 



Somerset 

Allegany 

Caroline 

Talbot 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Allegany 



37059- 
39039- 
38054' 
38045' 
39030- 

39°25' 
39039- 



76°29' 
75°08' 
76037' 

76°40' 
77O20' 
76O09' 
76°03' 
76°04' 
76°56' 

76°56' 
76O10' 
75052' 
78°45' 
75051' 
76O04' 
75°50' 
71028' 
78056' 



40 

7 
14 

148 

580 

5 

46 

35 

365 

70 

40 

7 

945 

40 

40 

28 

435 

2,035 



continued on following page 



-73- 



NO. 43 

LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 
CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED (Cont'd.) 



STATION 




POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 


LATITUDE 
(NORTH) 


LONGITUDE ELEVATION 
(WEST) (FEET) 


Glenn Dale Bell 




Prince George's 


38°58' 


76°48 


150 


Hagerstown 




Washington 


39°38' 


77041 


560 


Hancock 




Washington 


39042' 


78011 


428 


La Plata 




Charles 


38Q32' 


77O00 


140 


Leonardtown 




St. Mary's 


38°19' 


76O40 


40 


Milllngton 




Kent 


39016' 


76051 


30 


Oakland 




Garrett 


39°24' 


79024 


1 2,420 


Owings Ferry Landing 


Calvert 


38°42' 


76°41 


1 120 


Princess Anne 




Somerset 


38Q13' 


75041 


' 20 


Salisbury 




Wicomico 


38022' 


75035 


* 10 


Snow Hill 




Worchester 


38011' 


75024 


14 


Solomons 




Calvert 


38019' 


76027 


1 12 


Towson 




Baltimore 


39024' 


76°37 


410 


Upper Marlboro 




Prince George's 


38°52' 


76°47 


98 


Washington (Nat 1 


1 Airport) 


Dist. of Columbia 


38°51 f 


77O02 


10 


Westminster 




Carroll 


39035. 


77O00 


» 770 


Wheaton Regional 


Park 


Montgomery 


39°04» 


77°02 


1 330 


Woodstock 




Baltimore 


39O20' 


76052 


1 415 



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-91- 



NATURAL RESOURCES 

Maryland's 2,653,000 acres of forest land represent nearly 42 percent 
of the total land area of the State. As one might expect, however, there 
is considerable variance among the political subdivisions. The vast majority 
of commercial forest land, 95 percent, is held in private lands, while public 
ownership accounts for the remainder. 

Almost 79 percent of the timber in Maryland is of the hardwood varieties, 
and an estimated 213.1 million board feet of lumber were cut during 1978. Forest 
fires are always a threat, and in 1979, 347 such blazes burned a total area of 
3,731 acres. All counties suffered from these fires, and the causes were 
primarily carelessness in nature. 

$217 million worth of minerals were extracted during 1978. The leading 
commodities were bituminous coal and stone, accounting for 27 percent and 26 
percent, respectively, of the total. Sand and gravel were next as these items 
accounted for another 14 percent of the value extracted. 

Maryland touches both the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay. Seafood, 
therefore, becomes a vital resource. As impressive as the data reported herein 
appears to be, the user must be cautioned that there is a substantial under- 
count, what with the large number of sport fishermen active in our waters. 

Data indicate a Maryland catch in 1979 with a dockside value of nearly 
35.2 million. The major share of this catch is credited to shellfish which 
account for more than $32.2 million of the total. Oysters were the leader 
($15.2 million), followed by clams ($9.6 million) and crabs ($6.5 million). 
Leading f inf ish catches by value were striped bass (rockf ish) , bluef in tuna and 
flounder. 



-92- 



NO. 47 

COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND AREA BY STAND-SIZE CLASS 
IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: JANUARY I, 1977 



STAND-SIZE 
CLASS 






UNITED 
STATES 


MARYLAND 


PENNSYL- 
VANIA 


DELAWARE 


VIRGINIA 


WEST 
VIRGINIA 


Total 1 ,000 Acres 

Percent of U.S. Total 




487,726 


2,523 
0.52 


17,478 
3,58 


384 
0.08 


15,939 
3.27 


11 ,484 
2.35 


Sawt Imber 
1 ,000 Acres 






211,782 


1,413 


7,665 


207 


6,339 


5,076 


Pole timber 
1 ,000 Acres 






136,749 


666 


6,081 


83 


5,991 


3,960 


Seedling & Sapling 
1 ,000 Acres 






121,188 


438 


3,399 


94 


3,356 


2,306 


Not Stocked 
1,000 Acres 






18,007 


6 


333 





252 


142 


Source: U.S. Department 
1977 , Review Dra 


of 
ft- 


Agriculture, Forest 
--All Data Subject to 


Service, Forest Statistics of the 
Revision, Issued 1978, Table 3. 


U.S. , 



NO. 48 
FOREST LAND AREA IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: JANUARY 1, 1977 





UNITED 




PENNSYL- 






WEST 




STATES 


MARYLAND 


VANIA 


DELAWARE 


VIRGINIA 


VIRGINIA 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


TYPE 


ACRES 


ACRES 


ACRES 


ACRES 


ACRES 


ACRES 


Total Land Area 


2,263,548 


6,330 


28,778 


1,268 


25,459 


15,405 


Forest Land Area 


740,147 


2,653 


17,832 


392 


16,417 


11,669 


% of Total Land 


32.7 


41.9 


62.0 


30.9 


64.5 


75.7 


Commercial Forest Land 


487,726 


2,523 


17,478 


384 


15,939 


11,484 


% of all Forest Land 


65.9 


95.1 


98.0 


98.0 


97.1 


98.4 


Non-Commercial Forest 


252,421 


130 


354 


7 


479 


185 


Land 














% of all Forest Land 


34.1 


4,9 


2.0 


1.8 


2.9 


1.6 


Reserved Forest Land 


19,531 


109 


194 


2 


375 


124 


Source: U.S. Department of 


Agriculture, Forest ! 


service, Forest Statistics of the 


U.S. , 


1977 , Review Draft- 


--All Data 


Subject to 


Revision, 


Issued 1978 


, Table 1. 





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-96- 



NO. 52 

NET VOLUME OF SAWTIMBER ON COMMERCIAL TIMBERLAND IN MARYLAND, BY 

SPECIES AS OF JANUARY I, 1977 



SPECIES 



SAWTIMBER 
MILLION BD. FT. 



GROWING STOCK 
MILLION CU. FT. 



Total Softwoods 

Shortleaf & Loblolly Pines 
Other Yellow Pines 
Eastern Red & White Pines 
Other Eastern Softwoods 

Total Hardwoods 
Select White Oaks 
Select Red Oaks 
Other White Oaks 
Other Red Oaks 
Hickory 
Hard Maple 
Soft Maple 
Beech 
Sweetgum 

Tupelo and Blackgum 
Ash 

Yellow Poplar 
Black Walnut 
Other Eastern Hardwoods 
Black Cherry 



1,726 


Eastern Softwoods, Total 


793 


1,239 


Shortleaf & Loblolly Pines 


483 


420 


Other Yellow Pines 




251 


29 


Eastern Red & White 


Pines 


42 


38 


Other Eastern Softwoods 


17 


6,440 


Eastern Hardwoods, 


Total 


2,699 


1,005 


Select White Oaks 




400 


481 


Select Red Oaks 




186 


382 


Other White Oaks 




180 


1,216 


Other Red Oaks 




468 


253 


Hickory 




115 


50 


Hard Maple 




33 


515 


Soft Maple 




281 


288 


Beech 




95 


455 


Sweetgum 




221 


213 


Tupelo and Blackgum 




99 


134 


Ash 




71 


1,070 


Yellow Poplar 




350 


35 


Black Walnut 




18 


300 


Other Eastern Hardwc 


tods 


154 


43 


Black Cherry 




28 



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics of 
the U.S. , 1977 , Review Draft — All data subject to revision, issued 
1978, Tables 25, 26, 27 and 28. 



-97- 



NO. 53 

ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF GROWING STOCK ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND IN MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUPS: 1976 



ANNUAL CUT NET GROWTH 

SPECIES GROUP CU. FT. CU. FT. 

(1,000) (1,000) 



All Species 63,475 111,000 

Softwoods 20,801 24,900 

Hardwoods 42,674 86,100 



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics 
of the U.S., 1977 , Review Draft — All data subject to revision, 
issued 1978, Table 45. 

NO. 54 

ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF LIVE SAWTIMBER ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND IN MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: 1976 






SPECIES GROUP ANNUAL CUT NET GROWTH 

BD. FT. BD. FT. 

(1,000) (1,000) 



All Species 190,186 298,000 

Softwoods 52,304 75,000 

Hardwoods 137,882 223,000 



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics 
of the U.S . , 1977 , Review Draft — All data subject to revision, 
issued 1978, Table 46. 



-98- 





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NO. 56 

NUMBER OF FOREST FIRES AND AREA BURNED^ 1 ) IN MARYLAND, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1979 AND 1978 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 


AREA BURNED 


FIRES 


1979 


1979 


(ACRES) 



NUMBER OF 
FIRES 
1978 



AREA BURNED 

1978 

(ACRES) 



MARYLAND 



347 



3,731 



587 



1,396 



REGION I Western 

Allegany 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Washington 



83 
36 
7 
28 
12 



327 

194 

16 

81 

36 



110 
28 
54 
17 
11 



217 
17 

110 
41 
49 



REGION II Southern 

Anne Arundel 

Calvert 

Charles 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

St. Mary's 



57 

12 

3 

13 

11 

9 

5 

4 



252 

108 

1 

52 

13 

72 

5 

1 



171 
41 
12 
42 
30 
12 
20 
14 



419 
121 
22 
69 
68 
76 
36 
27 



REGION III Eastern 

Caroline 

Dorchester 

Somerset 

Talbot 

W icomico 

Worcester 



72 

8 

25 

5 

9 

18 

7 



2,910 
3 

2,786 
43 
38 
14 
26 



71 
6 
15 
13 
10 
19 
8 



445 

3 

355 

58 

5 

18 
6 



REGION IV Central 

Baltimore 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Harford 

Kent 

Queen Anne's 



135 
32 
18 
40 
43 
2 




245 

49 

31 

50 

107 

8 





235 
94 
26 
34 
74 
1 
6 



315 

118 

65 

65 

57 

1 
9 



<*■ Woodland endangered not included. 

Source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Spring Forest Fire Report 
(January 1 - June 30) and Fall Forest Fire Report (July 1 - 
December 31), 1979 and 1978. 



-100- 



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-101- 



NO. 58 

NUMBER OF COMMERCIAL FISHERMEN AND GEAR IN MARYLAND: 
1976, 1975, and 1974 



ITEM 1976 1975 1974 



Total Fishermen 17,866 16,233 15,563 

Vessels-Motor 1,036 1,020 

Vessels-Sail 26 29 

Boats-Motor 11,376 11,584 

Haul Seines, Common 92 87 

Gill Nets: Anchor, Stake or Set 1,936 2,439 

Drift Gill Nets 279 283 

Hand Lines 130 94 

Crab Trot Lines 11,362 9,958 

Pound Nets 290 248 

Fyke and Hoop Nets 1,562 1,463 

Dip Nets, Common 143 152 

Blue Crab Pots 105,225 110,982 

Eel Traps 11,135 10,235 

Fish Pots 3,636 3,377 

Conch Traps 60 

Lobster Pots 3,850 2,600 

Turtle Pots 355 315 

Scrapes 258 267 

Clam Dredges 199 178 

Oyster Dredges 114 74 

Sea Scallops and Other Dredges 13 6 

Oyster Tongs 5,046 4,569 4,452 

Other Tongs 

Rakes 15 9 7 

Otter Trawls 15 21 15 



Source: Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, Fishery Statistics 
of the United States, 1976 (issued Nov. 1979) and 1975 Chesapeake Fisheries , 
Annual Summary 1974. 





993 




29 


11 


,366 




69 


2 


,813 




331 




158 


9 


,272 




234 


1 


,356 




150 


109 


,650 


10 


,150 


4 


,817 




150 


1 


,300 




130 




280 




263 




79 



-102- 



NO. 59 



FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY: 1978 and 1979 



SPECIES 



1979* 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1978* 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



TOTAL, All Species 

FINFISH 
Alewives 
Anglerfish 
Bluefish 
Butterfish 
Carp 

Catfish and Bullheads 
Crappie 
Croaker 
Drum, Black 
Eels, Common 
Flounder 
Gizzard Shad 
Hake, Red 
Herring, Sea 
Hickory Shad 
Mackerel 
Menhaden 
Scup (Porgy) 
Sea Bass 
Sea Trout 
Shad 
Sharks 
Spot 

Striped Bass 
Sturgeon 
Sunfish 
Tuna, Blue fin 
White Perch 
Whiting 
Yellow Perch 
Unclassified: 
Unclassified: 
Animal Food 
Other Species 



For Food 

For Bait, Reduction & 

(1) 



59,627 

11,676 

142 

56 

319 

13 

174 

501 

1 

97 

3 

265 

1,719 

4 

21 

3 

1 

58 

5,583 

47 

356 

670 

47 

60 

10 

774 

3 

1 

687 

22 

25 

3 

2 
8 



58,193 

14,095 
201 

318 

22 

99 

356 

4 

582 

9 

206 

677 

4 

7 

6 

1 

10 

7,116 

5 

427 

521 

86 

142 

31 

1,265 

4 

6 

895 

1,046 

11 

29 

7 

(a) 
2 



(Continued on Following Page) 



-103- 



NO. 59 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY 1978 and 1979 (Cont'd) 



SPECIES 



1979 

(1,000 POUNDS) 



1978 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



SHELLFISH 

Jonah Crabs 
Horseshoe Crabs 
Crabs, Blue 

Hard 

Soft and Peeler 
Conch Meats 
Lobsters 
Clam Meats 

Hard 

Soft 

Surf 
Oyster Meats, Market 
Other Species (2) 



47,950 

58 

351 

24,381 

23,455 

925 

72 

93 

10,470 

20 

2,693 

7,757 

12,290 

235 



44,088 

14 

148 

17,459 

16,590 

869 

91 

56 

11,841 

24 

3,451 

8,367 

14,381 

97 



* Preliminary. 

Note: In addition, 2,277,730 bushels of oysters were landed in 1978 and 

1,863,400 bushels in 1979. A Maryland oyster bushel contains 2,800.7 
cubic inches. 



(a) Less than 500 pounds. 
(1) 



(2) 



Includes Bonito, Cod, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, Red Drum, Sea Robin, 
Spanish Mackerel, Suckers, Tautog and Yellowfin Tuna. 

Includes Sea Scallops, Squid, Diamond-Back Terrapin and Snapper Turtles. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, in 
cooperation with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 
Maryland Landings , Dec. 1979 issue. 



-104- 



NO. 60 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VALUE: 1978 and 1979 



SPECIES 


1979* 


1978* 






($) 


($) 




TOTAL, All Species 


35,167,781 


34 


,225,398 




FINFISH 


2,883,109 


3 


,246,432 




Alewives 


8,586 




6,461 




Anglerf ish 


8,025 









Bluef ish 


28,065 




27,191 




Butterf ish 


4,513 




5,461 




Carp 


6,711 




2,564 




Catfish and Bullheads 


58,315 




38,134 




Crappie 


218 




873 




Croaker 


40,654 




143,365 




Drum, Black 


361 




865 




Eels , Common 


192,945 




117,012 




Flounder 


814,909 




356,263 




Gizzard Shad 


67 




60 




Hake, Red 


1,311 




329 




Herring, Sea 


104 




259 




Hickory Shad 


266 




297 




Mackerel 


13,451 




1,941 




Menhaden 


265,161 




284,312 




Scup (Porgy) 


13,476 




1,317 




Sea Bass 


169,748 




169,009 




Sea Trout 


113,336 




90,599 




Shad 


12,273 




23,291 




Sharks 


4,677 




9,566 




Spot 


2,449 




4,577 




Striped Bass 


926,236 


1 


,378,780 




Sturgeon 


1,154 




1,163 




Sunf ish 


205 




681 




Tuna, Bluef in 







367,286 




Whiting Perch 


185,072 




205,630 




Whiting 


2,447 




962 




Yellow Perch 


6,266 




5,803 




Unclassif ied:For Food 


669 




911 




Unclassified :For Bait, 


Reduction and Animal Food 176 




20 




Other Species O) 


1,263 




450 





(Continued on Following Page) 



-105- 



NO. 60 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VALUE: 1978 and 1979 (Cont'd.) 



SPECIES 



1979* 
($) 



Shellfish 



Jonah Crabs 
Horseshoe Crabs 
Crabs, Blue 

Hard 

Soft and Peeler 
Couch Meats 
Lobsters 
Clam Meats 

Hard 

Soft 

Surf 
Oyster Meats, Market 
Other Species(2) 



32,284,710 

13,358 

34,773 
6,522,527 
5.471 ,544 
1,050,983 

28,061 

250,266 

9,619.031 

38,739 

5,046,284 

4,534,008 

15,492,194 

324,500 



1978* 
($) 



30,978,966 

2,130 

8,450 

5,239,397 

4,044,894 

1,194,503 

46,285 

123,311 

9,627,050 

37,594 

4,675,300 

4,914,156 

15,845,275 

87,068 



* Preliminary 

^ ^Includes Bonito, Cod, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, Sea Robin, Spanish 
Mackerel, Suckers and Tautog. 

(2)includes Sea Scallops, Squid, Diamond-Back Terrapin and Snapper Turtle. 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, in 
cooperation with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 
Mar yland Landings , Dec. 1979 issue. 



-106- 



NO. 61 
SEAFOOD PROCESSED PRODUCTS, MARYLAND: 1978, 1977 and 1974 



ITEM 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1978 1977 1974 1978/1977 1978/1974 



Value (In thousands 

Wholesale and 
Manufacturing 

Number of Establishments 

Persons Employed 
Average Per Season 
Average Per Year 



(1) 



$117,823 $126,073 $83,344 -6.5 



172 

3,659 
2,795 



169 

3,831 
2,761 



184 

4,215 
3,346 



1.8 

-4.5 
1.2 



41.4 



-6.5 

-13.2 
-16.5 



(1) 



Derived from dividing the number of employees reported by the number of months 
of operation. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Chesapeake Fisheries Annual Report 1974, 
and unpublished data. 



-107- 



NO. 62 

HUNTING AND FISHING LICENSE SALES, MARYLAND: 
FISCAL YEARS 1979, 1978 AND 1977 



TYPE OF LICENSE 



1979 



1978 



1977 



Hunting 

Statewide 

Statewide 65 

Junior Statewide 

Non-resident 

Non-resident Junior 

Big Game Stamps 

Big Game Stamps 65 

Regulated Shooting Area 

Duck Blind 

Public Land Stamps 

Non-resident Trappers 

Duplicates 

Waterfowl Stamps 

Fishing 

Statewide 

Statewide 65 

Non-resident 

Non-resident 7-Day 

Potomac River(l) 

Trout Stamps 

Trout Stamps 65 & Old 

Live Bait 

Duplicates 



131,007 


136,321 


144,783 


8,583 


9,230 


9,805 


15,360 


19,235 


24,190 


16,269 


15,509 


14,138 


695 


713 


939 


91,834 


93,831 


94,419 


3,898 


3,987 


4,329 


270 


205 


309 


3,115 


3,166 


3,371 


44,840 


46,763 


46,250 
9 


327 


370 


60,934 


61,729 


56,638 



118,312 


110,233 


122,650 


9,066 


8,469 


10,227 


6,422 


5,285 


6,854 


4,457 


3,862 


5,281 


224 


125 


299 


35,209 


31,696 


29,485 


5,338 


3,420 


4,596 


6 


8 


4 


154 


148 


— — — 



(l/Virginia, West Virginia, and Potomac grouped together. 

Source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Licensing Division, 



-108- 



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-110- 



LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT 

More than 1.9 million Maryland residents were employed in 1979 as both 
the civilian labor force and the working members of that labor force continued 
to grow. On an average basis, the unemployment rate of 5.8 percent in Maryland 
for 1979 was up from 5.6 percent in 1978. 

Annual average non-agricultural employment figures in Maryland for 1979 

indicate gains over 1978 in all sectors with the exception of federal government 

i 

as well as state and local government employment, which decreased slightly. The 
larger gains were reported in the non-manufacturing sectors, services and mining 
(4.4 percent), finance, insurance and real estate (4.2 percent), and transportation 
and utilities (3.1 percent). 

The role of federal government civilian employment in Maryland should not be 
overlooked. More than 129,000 people were employed by various federal agencies in 
Maryland at the end of 1979. 

An additional 45,200 civilian and military employees work for the Department 
of Defense. 

Included in this section are tables showing commutation patterns of workers. 
Both interstate and intrastate destinations are shown. It is interesting to note 
that nearly 40 percent of our labor force works outside its subdivision of residence 

Labor relations have continued good in Maryland. In conformity with his- 
torical trends, the percent of estimated work time lost by stoppages in Maryland 
was again lower than corresponding national figures. 



-Ill- 



NO. 65 

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE, TOTAL EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT 
IN MARYLAND BY REGION AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 
1979 BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE 







CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE 










POPULATION 
PROVISIONAL 




AS PERCENT 
OF 


TOTAL 
EMPLOYMENT 


UNEMPLOYMENT 










(JULY 1) 


NUMBER 


POPULATION 




NUMBER 


RA 


MARYLAND 


4,148,000 


2,092,000 


50.4 


1,968,000 


123,000 


5 


WESTERN MARYLAND 














Allegany 


80,700 


33,783 


41.9 


30,601 


3,182 


9 


Garrett 


26,000 


11,094 


42.7 


9,794 


1,300 


11 


Washington 


111,100 


51,182 


46.1 


47,443 


3,739 


7 


Frederick 


112,400 


44,788 


39.8 


42,172 


2,616 


5 


BALTIMORE SMSA 


2,139,400 


1,049,818 


49.1 


980,899 


68,919 


6 


Anne Arundel 


361,300 


173,498 


48.0 


165,168 


8,330 


4 


Baltimore City 


775,200 


394,122 


50.8 


361,110 


33,012 


8 


Baltimore 


639,100 


312,177 


48.8 


292,153 


20,024 


6 


Carroll 


97,000 


44,558 


45.9 


42,297 


2,261 


5 


Harford 


147,500 


70,470 


47.8 


66,853 


3,617 


5 


Howard 


119,300 


54,993 


46.1 


53,318 


1,675 


3 


WASHINGTON SMSA 


1,301,300 


730,645 


56.1 


701,733 


28,912 


4 


Charles 


70,000 


35,031 


50.0 


33,748 


1,283 


3 


Mon t gome ry 


572,500 


318,831 


55.7 


307,842 


10,989 


3 


Prince George's 


658,800 


376,783 


57.2 


360,143 


16,640 


4 


SOUTHERN MARYLAND 














Calvert 


33,000 


12,856 


39.0 


11,892 


964 


7 


St. Mary's 


56,900 


15,321 


26.9 


14,177 


1,144 


7 


EASTERN SHORE 














Cecil 


58,200 


28,869 


49.6 


26,959 


1,910 


6 


Kent 


16,700 


8,515 


51.0 


7,799 


716 


8 


Queen Anne's 


24,900 


9,670 


38.8 


8,932 


738 


7 


Caroline 


22,400 


9,165 


40.9 


8,385 


780 


8 


Talbot 


26,300 


15,662 


59.6 


14,959 


703 


4 


Dorchester 


29,900 


16,205 


54.2 


14,623 


1,582 


9 


Wicomico 


61,600 


28,631 


46.5 


26,302 


2,329 


8 


Worcester 


28,100 


16,347 


58.2 


14,207 


2,140 


13 


Somerset 


19,500 


8,446 


43.3 


7,120 


1,326 


15 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 
U.S. Bureau of the Census, unpublished data obtained from the Maryland 
Department of Health and Mental Hygiene through the Federal-State Cooperative 
Program for Population Estimates, issued July 1980. 



-112- 





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-114- 



NO. 68 






PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF NONAGRICULTURAL WAGE AND 


SALARY EMPLOYMENT 




IN MARYLAND: 1979, 1978 AND 1977 






BY PLACE OF WORK 








PERCENTAGE 




PE OF EMPLOYMENT 197 9 


1978 


1977 


^AGRICULTURAL WAGE AND SALARY EMPLOYMENT 100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


nufacturing 15.2 


15.2 


15.3 


Durable goods 8.5 


8. A 


8.3 


^on-durable goods 6.7 


6.8 


7.0 


i-~ianufacturing 84.8 


8A.8 


8A.7 


Contract construction 6. A 


6. A 


6.0 


Transportation and utilities 5. A 


5.3 


5.3 


Wholesale trade 5.0 


5.0 


5.0 


letail trade 18.6 


18.7 


18.9 


finance, insurance and real estate 5.5 


5. A 


5. A 


services and mining 20. A 


19.9 


19.8 


r ederal government 8.0 


8.2 


8.6 


state and local government 15.5 


15.8 


15.7 



:al may not add due to rounding. 

iree: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division, 
Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment. 



-115- 



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-116- 











NO. 70 














PERCENTAGE 


DISTRIBUTION IN 


MAJOR 


CATEGORIES OF 








NONAGRICULTURAL 


WAGE ANE 


SALARY EMPLOYMENT 










BY POLITICAL 


SUBDIVISION AND 


THE BALTIMORE SMSA: 


1978 












BY 


PLACE OF 


WORK 
















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17.4 


** 


2.8 (1) 


6.2 


3.6 (1) 15.7 


5.7 


20.7 


9.4 


14.6 


.C. AREA 






















Charles 


6.5 


0.0 


7.5 


5.5 


4.0 


23.5 


2.7 


15.5 


16.6 


18.2 


Montgomery 


3.5 


(D) 


(D) 


1.9 


(D) 


19.4 


6.3 


29.1 


17.6 


10.8 


Prince George's 


A. 7 


0.2 


(D) 


3.0 


(D) 


23.5 


4.0 


15.2 


15.6 


22.9 ■ 


SSTERN >L\RYLAND 






















Frederick 


19.9 


0.0 


8.9 


(D) 


(D) 


18.4 


3.0 


16.4 


8.0 


16.5 


Allegany 


26.7 


(D) 


5.4 


8.0 


(D) 


16.8 


2.7 


18.2 


2.0 


16.7 


Garrett 


15.4 


(D) 


2.8 


3.7 


(D) 


19.0 


3.6 


(D) 


2.3 


24.2 


Washington 


30.4 


(D) 


5.1 


6.3 


(D) 


16.5 


2.3 


15.4 


6.1 


13.3 


ARYLAND 






















Calvert 


2.3 


0.0 


13.9 


(D) 


1.5 


16.0 


(D) 


(D) 


5.6 


20.8 


St. Mary's 


0.8 


** 


5.4 


3.0 


(D) 


12.2 


2.1 


14.5 


45.3 


14.3 


ASTERN SHORE 






















Cecil 


19.5 


(D) 


6.2 


6.5 


(D) 


17.1 


2.3 


15.8 


11.9 


17.0 


Kent 


12.4 


0.0 


7.0 


(D) 


5.3 


15.6 


3.5 


15.9 


2.5 


13.4 


Queen Anne's 


15.3 


(D) 


7.0 


(D) 


5.2 


19.7 


3.2 


18.5 


3.5 


22.0 


Caroline 


21.6 


0.4 


4.7 


22.0 


(D) 


14.1 


(D) 


10.5 


2.7 


17.1 


Talbot 


23.4 


(D) 


5.5 


4.3 


(D) 


19.2 


2.8 


28.2 


2.3 


10.2 


Dorchester 


36.3 


(D) 


6.4 


5.5 


2.3 


11.9 


(D) 


12.7 


2.1 


21.3 


Wicomico 


25.1 


(D) 


(D) 


4.9 


(D) 


21.2 


3.4 


19.0 


2.0 


13.1 


Worcester 


20.7 


(D) 


4.6 


2.3 


(D) 


30.8 


4.5 


20.1 


2.1 


12.1 


Somerset 


23.5 


0.0 


1.7 


3.7 


(D) 


10.0 


2.6 


11.4 


3.0 


33.3 


Baltimore SMSA 


includes 


Baltimore City 


, Anne Arundel 


, Bait 


imore, 


Carroll, Harfo 


rd and 


Howard Counties 


The reader is cautioned that 


discl< 


asure 


problems occur in the 




following sectors: CONSTRUCTION (Bait 


imore Cc 


unty, Anne Arundel) 


, and 


WHOLESALE TRADE 


(Anne Arundel, 


Carroll, 


Harfor 


d, Baltimore County). 












k Less than 0.1%. 






















)) Date withheld 


, disclosure problem. 
















>urce: Based on 


data obtained f 


rom the 


U.S. Department of Commerce 


, Bureau of Economic 


Analysis, 


Regiona 


1 Economic Information 


System 


• 


















-117- 





































NO. 71 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF MAJOR CATEGORIES 
OF SELECTED NON-MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT: 1977 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 





ESTIMATED 


PERCENTAGE 


DISTRIBUTION* OF 


ESTIMATED 


EMPLOYMENT 




NUMBER 
EMPLOYED IN 


IN 


SELECTED NON-MANUFACTURING CATEGORIES 




SUBDIVISION 


transportat: 


WHOLESALE 


FINANCE, 


IN- 




SELECTED 


AND OTHER 


PUB- 


AND RETAIL 


SURANCE 


AND 


SERVICES 




CATEGORIES 


LIC UTILITIES 


TRADE 


REAL ESTATE 


Allegany 


10,952 


10.5 




51.0 


8.4 




30.1 


Anne Arundel 


45,633 


9.1 




54.9 


7.8 




28.2 


Baltimore City 


206,424 


12.7 




33.6 


14.7 




39.0 


Baltimore 


122,189 


6.0 




50.7 


10.2 




33.1 


Calvert 


2,426 


21.2 




39.8 


7.1 




31.9 


Caroline 


2,640 


40.2 




38.9 


5.6 




15.3 


Carroll 


9,100 


7.5 




53.1 


7.8 




31.6 


Cecil 


5,690 


13.6 




51.6 


6.1 




28.8 


Charles 


7,287 


15.8 




54.1 


6.6 




23.4 


Dorchester 


3,798 


16.9 




48.7 


6.1 




28.3 


Frederick 


14,910 


8.0 




50.5 


13.4 




28.0 


Garrett 


2,558 


9.7 




55.6 


8.2 




26.5 


Harford 


13,702 


7.6 




55.3 


7.5 




29.6 


Howard 


23,071 


6.4 




46.3 


8.8 




38.4 


Kent 


2,540 


9.0 




51.3 


7.5 




32.2 


Montgomery 


143,494 


4.1 




37.1 


13.9 




44.9 


Prince George's 


109,259 


7.0 




58.2 


7.1 




27.7 


Queen Anne's 


2,054 


5.9 




64.1 


5.3 




24.7 


St. Mary's 


5,002 


12.7 




52.1 


6.9 




28.3 


Somerset 


1,286 


5.8 




53.8 


8.7 




31.6 


Talbot 


5,861 


8.4 




47.2 


5.8 




38.6 


Washington 


18,192 


13.3 




50.8 


6.4 




29.5 


Wicomico 


13,613 


13.1 




51.6 


8.0 




27.3 


Worcester 


4,823 


6.8 




54.5 


9.0 




29.8 



*Percents may not add up to 100.0 due to rounding. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns , 1977, Table 2. 



-118- 



NO. 72 

FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 

DECEMBER 31 , 1979 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 



TOTAL STATE 130,826 

Allegany 302 

Anne Arundel 9,074 

Baltimore City 13,758 

Baltimore 21,358 

Calvert 173 

Caroline 85 

Carroll 200 

Cecil 1,576 

Charles 2,494 

Dorchester 141 

Frederick 1,595 

Garrett 80 

Harford 8,058 

Howard 269 

Kent 68 

Montgomery 42,013 

Prince George's 24,230 

Queene Anne's 79 

St. Mary's 3,156 

Somerset 63 

Talbot 198 

Washington 1,310 

Wicimico 357 

Worchester 189 



Source: U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Annual 
Geographic Survey . 



-119- 






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-120- 



NO. 74 

PROPORTION OF LABOR FORCE WORKING OUTSIDE 
COUNTY OF RESIDENCE: 1960 AND 1970 



SUBDIVISION 



1960 
PER CENT 



1970 
PER CENT 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



9.7 
34.9 
13.0 
52.1 
24.5 
25.3 
28.1 
25.6 
22.5 
13.3 
15.3 
18.5 
15.3 
62.0 
11.0 
54.2 
62.4 
22.5 
3.6 
20.2 
6.0 
8.6 
9.4 
14.2 



6.7 
38.6 
25.3 
51.7 
39.7 
34.6 
37.1 
30.0 
41.0 
13.3 
23.7 
24.9 
31.7 
66.6 
18.0 
46.5 
57.4 
34.0 
10.3 
25.8 
10.5 
12.0 
11.4 
20.4 



STATE OF MARYLAND 



32.4 



39.6 



Sources: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970 , General Social 
and Economic Characteristics , Final Report PC (1) C22, Maryland. 

U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1960 , G eneral Social 
and Economic Characteristics, Final Report PC ( 1 ) 22C, Maryland. 



-121- 





NO. 75 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 


1970 




(BALTIMORE SMSA) 
FROM ANNE ARUNDEL 
Places of Work 


(BALTIMORE SMSA) 
FROM CARROLL 
Commuters Places of Work 




Commut 



Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 
D.C. SMSA - Va. part 
Calvert Co. 
Charles Co. 
Frederick Co. 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
St. Mary's Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Queen Anne's Co. 

FROM BALTIMORE CO. 



2,691 

18,299 

7,725 

69,480 

77 

153 

1,410 

4,622 

5,261 

1,165 

545 

151 

180 

87 

21 

32 

40 

36 

5 



Places of Work 






Baltimore City - CBD 




15,536 


B. City - remainder 




89,666 


Baltimore Co. 




117,412 


Anne Arundel Co. 




7,991 


Carroll Co. 




1,602 


Harford Co. 




1,741 


Howard Co. 




3,199 


Washington, D.C. 




1,385 


Montgomery Co. 




727 


Prince George's Co. 




1,004 


D.C. SMSA - Va. part 




23 


York, Pa. 




78 


York Co. - remainder 




259 


Adams Co. 




16 


Frederick Co. 




153 


Calvert Co. 




30 


Wilmington, Del. 




63 


New Castle Co. , Del. - 


- remainder 


47 


Cecil Co. 




72 


Lancaster Co. , Pa. 




40 



Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
Washington D.C. 
Montgomery Co. 
Prince George's Co. 
D.C. SMSA - Va. part 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
Adams Co. , Pa. 
Frederick Co. 
Washington Co. 
New Castle Co. , Del. 
Lancaster Co., Pa. 

FROM HARFORD 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
Frederick Co. 
Lancaster, Pa. 

Lancaster Co., Pa. - remainder 
Wilmington, Del. 

New Castle Co., Del. - remainder 
Cecil Co. 
Washington, D.C. 
D.C. SMSA - Md. part 
Philadelphia, Pa. SMSA- 

Pa. part 
Philadelphia, Pa. SMSA - 

N.J. part 



(continued on following page) 



-122- 







NO. 75 










DESTINATION 


OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 


(Cont'd.) 






&LTIMORE SMSA) 




Commuters 


(FREDERICK COUNTY) 

FROM FREDERICK 
Places of Work 




Commi 




FROM HOWARD 




Places of Work. 


iters 


Baltimore City - CBD 




391 


Washington D.C. 






546 


B. City - remainder 




3,404 


Montgomery Co. 




3 


,995 


Baltimore Co. 




3,048 


Prince George's Co. 






147 


Anne Arundel Co. 




2,272 


Loudon and Pr. William's 




75 


Carroll Co. 




406 


Cos. Va. 








Harford Co. 




116 


D.C. SMSA - remainder (Va.) 




122 


Howard Co. 




7,386 


Baltimore City 






141 


Washington, D.C. 




824 


Baltimore Co. 






200 


Montgomery Co. 




1,572 


Carroll Co. 






760 


Prince George's 




2,113 


Howard Co. 






196 


D.C. SMSA - remainder 




178 


Anne Arundel Co. 






38 


Frederick Co. 




98 


Harford Co. , Pa. 






62 


Washington Co. 




11 


York Co. , Pa. 






16 


Charles Co. 




17 


Adams Co. , Pa . 






95 


York, Pa. 




6 


Frederick Co. 




24 


,671 


York Co. - remainder 




8 


Washington Co. 






705 


Lancaster Co., Pa. 


• 


6 


Franklin Co. , Pa. 
Jefferson Co., W. Va. 






116 
34 


FROM BALTIMORE CITY 






Harrisburg, Pa. SMSA 






20 


Places of Work 




Baltimore City - CBD 




26,199 


WESTERN MARYLAND 








B. City - remainder 




205,040 










Baltimore Co. 




60,306 


FROM ALLEGANY 








Anne Arundel Co. 




8,709 


Places of Work 








Carroll Co. 




384 


Somerset Co., Pa. 






35 


Harford Co. 




1,019 


Allegany Co. 




24 


,836 


Howard Co. 




2,295 


Bedford Co. , Pa. 






33 


Washington D.C. 




1,628 


Fulton Co. , Pa. 






5 


Montgomery Co. 




576 


Washington Co. 






177 


Prince George's Co. 




1,167 


Morgan Co . , W. Va. 






29 


D.C. SMSA - remainder 




216 


Hampshire Co., W. Va. 






45 


York, Pa. 




42 


Mineral Co . , W. Va. 






866 


York Co. - remainder 




67 


Garrett Co. 






100 


Frederick Co. 




150 


Grant Co . , W. Va. 






17 


Calvert Co. 




7 


Pittsburgh, Pa. SMSA 






27 


Wilmington, Del. 




121 


Franklin Co . , Pa. 






7 


New Castle Co. , Del. - 


remainder 


43 










Cecil Co. 




55 










Charles Co. 




39 
















(continued on 


following 


page) 








-123- 











NO. 75 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



[ WESTERN MARYLAND ) 

FROM GARRETT 
Places of Work 
Johnstown City, Pa. 
Somerset Co., Pa. 
Garrett Co. 
Preston Co. , W. Va. 
Tucker Co . , W. Va . 
Grant Co . , W. Va. 
Mineral Co . , W. Va . 
Allegany Co. 
Fayette Co . , Pa. 
Monongalia Co., W. Va. 

FROM WASHINGTON 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D.C. 
Loudoun Co. , Va. 
Prince William Co., Va . 
D.C. SMSA - Va. part 
D.C. SMSA - Md. part 
York, Pa. SMSA 
Harrisburg, Pa. SMSA 
Washington Co. 
Frederick Co. 
Franklin Co. , Pa. 
Fulton Co. , Pa. 
Allegany Co. 
Morgan Co . , W. Va . 
Berkeley Co . , W. Va. 
Jefferson Co., W. Va . 
Bedford Co . , Pa. 

(SOUTHERN MARYLAND) 



FROM CALVERT 
Places of Work 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 
D.C. SMSA - Va. part 
Baltimore City 



(SO UTHERN MARYLAND ) 
FROM CALVERT (Cont'd.) 



141 

74 

140 

193 

15 

7 

74 

298 

71 

25 

32,234 

917 

1,056 

50 

43 

141 

531 

125 

7 



Commuters 


Places of Work 


6 


Anne Arundel Co. 


112 


Baltimore Co. 


4,338 


Carroll Co. 


117 


Howard Co. 


38 


Calvert Co. 


110 


Charles Co. 


84 


St. Mary's Co. 


712 


Dorchester Co. 


72 




26 


FROM CHARLES 



Places of Work 



599 

1,009 

107 

129 

21 



Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery co. 
Fairfax Co. , Va. 
Prince William Co., Va. 
Arlington Co., Va. 
Alexandria, Va, 
Falls Church, Va . 
Charles Co. 
St. Mary's Co. 
Calvert Co. 
King George Co., Va . 
Baltimore SMSA 
Culpeper Co. , Va. 

FROM ST. MARY'S 
Places of Work 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Alexndria, Va. 
Arlington Co. , Va. 
Montgomery Co. 
St. Mary's Co. 
Charles Co. 
Calvert Co. 
Baltimore City 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 



C ommu ters 

291 

39 

6 

6 

3,799 

153 

93 

5 



2,789 

2,333 

191 

121 

8 

134 

189 

15 

9,156 

191 

115 

51 

123 

6 



274 

198 

28 

26 

26 

14,763 

534 

218 

207 

32 



"("continued on following page) 



-124- 



NO. 75 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



EASTERN SHORE) 



FROM CECIL 



Places of Work 



Commuters 



Wilmington, Del. - CBD 




72 


Wilmington - remainder 




797 


New Castle Co., Del. - remainder 


2 


,521 


Cecil Co. 


13 


,926 


Salem Co . , N.J. 




22 


Baltimore Citv 




79 


Baltimore Co. 




141 


Harford Co. 


1 


,320 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 




4 


Philadelphia, Pa. 




48 


Chester Co . , Pa. 




181 


Delaware Co . , Pa. 




63 


Phila. SMSA - remainder - 




123 


Pa . pa r t 






Phila. SMSA - remainder - 




44 


N.J. part 






Lancaster, Pa. 




18 


Lancaster - remainder 




79 


York, Pa. 




54 


Kent Co. 




56 


Kent Co. , Del. 




64 



FROM KENT 
Places of Work 
Wilmington, Del. 
New Castle Co. , Del. 
Cecil Co. 
Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Baltimore Co. 
Harford Co. 
Kent Co. 

Queen Anne's Co. 
Kent Co., Del. 
Caroline Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Sussex Co . , Del . 
Dorchester Co. 
D.C. SMSA - Md. part 



- remainder 



163 

274 

120 

45 

12 

7 

16 

4,862 

165 

112 

22 

13 

6 

13 

7 



( EASTERN SHORE ) 

FROM QUEEN ANNE'S 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Baltimore Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Wilmington, Del. 
New Castle Co. , Del - 

remainder 
Queen Anne ' s Co. 
Kent Co. 
Kent Co. , Del. 
Caroline Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Sussex Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Washington, D.C. 
D.C. SMSA - remainder - 

Md. part 
D.C. SMSA - remainder - 

Va. part 

FROM TALBOT 
P laces of Work 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D.C. 
Wilmington, Del. 
Talbot Co. 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Kent Co. , Del. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Wicomico Co. 
Kent Co. 



Commuters 

41 

496 

149 

29 

24 

107 



4,469 

769 

170 

94 

212 

7 

28 

54 

71 

14 



55 

26 

28 

29 

19 

20 

8,182 

138 

188 

227 

6 

46 

42 

49 



(continued on following page) 



125- 



NO. 75 



DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(EASTERN SHORE) 




(EASTERN SHORE) 


FROM CAROLINE 




FROM WICOMICO (Cont'd.) 


Places of Work 


Commuters 


Places of Work 


Baltimore Co. 


33 


Caroline Co. 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


80 


Talbot Co. 


Caroline Co. 


4,574 


Accomack Co., Va . 


Queen Anne's Co. 


87 


Kent Co. , Del. 


Talbot Co. 


533 


Queen Anne's Co. 


Dorchester Co. 


221 


Anne Arundel Co. 


Sussex Co . , Del . 


480 


Baltimore City 


Kent Co. , Del. 


686 


Baltimore Co. 


Wicomico Co. 


23 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


Wilmington, Del. 


5 


Washington, D.C. 


New Castle Co., Del. - remainder 


60 


Prince George's Co. 


Cecil Co. 


7 


Montgomery Co. 


Kent Co. 


104 




Prince Ceorge's Co. 


17 


FROM SOMERSET 


Montgomery Co. 


42 


Places of Work 


Somerset Co. 


10 


Somerset Co. 
Wicomico Co. 


FROM DORCHESTER 




Worcester Co. 


Places of Work 




Accomack Co., Va . 



Dorchester Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Sussex Co . , Del . 
Wicomico Co. 
Somerset Co. 
Worcester Co. 
Accomack Co., Va . 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 

FROM WICOMICO 
Places of Work 
Wicomico Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Sussex Co . , Del . 
Worcester Co. 
Somerset Co. 



9,790 

245 

301 

456 

230 

6 

13 

4 

51 

6 

28 

72 



Sussex Co . , Del . 

Talbot Co. 

Caroline Co. 

Queen Anne's Co. 

Kent Co. 

Anne Arundel Co. 

Baltimore Co. 

Balto SMSA - remainder 

Washington D.C. 

FROM WORCESTER 
Places of Work 



16 


Worcester Co. 


24 


Sussex Co . , Del . 


6 


Accomack Co., Va 




Somerset Co. 




Wicomico Co. 




Dorchester Co. 


17,521 


Caroline Co. 


155 


Wilmington, Del. 


821 


Cecil Co. 


660 




168 





(continued on following page) 



-126- 



11 



NO. 75 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



7 



( W ASHINGTON, D.C. S MS A) 

FROM PRINCE GEORGE'S 
Places o f Work. 
Washington, D.C. - CBD 
D.C. - remainder 
Montgomery Co. 
Prince George's Co. 
Arlington Co . , Va . 
Alexandria, Va. 
Fairfax, Va . 
Falls Church, Va. 
Fairfax Co . , Va . 
Loudoun Co . , Va . 
Prince William Co., Va . 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Howard Co. 

Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Charles Co. 
Calvert Co. 
St. Mary's Co. 



(WASHINGTON, D.C. SMSA) 



FROM MONTGOMERY 



Commuters 


Places of Work 


23,384 


Washington, D.C. - CBD 


74,567 


D.C. - remainder 


21,418 


Montgomery Co. 


111,239 


Prince George's Co. 


7,917 


Arlington Co . , Va . 


2,182 


Alexandria, Va. 


304 


Fairfax, Va. 


275 


Falls Church, Va. 


3,561 


Fairfax Co . , Va . 


52 


Loudoun Co . , Va. 


147 


Prince William Co., Va . 


1,362 


Baltimore City 


1,258 


Baltimore Co. 


8,438 


Anne Arundel Co. 


1,087 


Howard Co. 


27 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


3,627 


Frederick Co. 


145 


Fauquier Co . , Va . 


121 


Washington Co. 



20 


,240 


47 


,665 


110 


,587 


12 


,668 


5 


,259 




806 




240 




291 


2 


,861 




113 




109 




438 




413 


1 


,454 




743 




55 




335 




22 




27 



Source: Maryland Department of State Planning. 



-127- 



NO. 76 
ARMED SERVICES PERSONNEL IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: SEPTEMBER 30, 1979 



JURISDICTION 



MILITARY 



CIVILIAN 



TOTAL MILITARY 
AND CIVILIAN 



MARYLAND 
Army 
NavyO) 
Air Force 



12,059 
9,769 
2,022 



14,166 

5,776 

603 



26,225 

15,545 

2,625 



TOTAL DEPARTMENT 
OF DEFENSE 

UNITED STATES 
Ar 

NavyO) 
Air Force 



23,850 



475,965 
384,014 
439,317 



21,342(2) 



311,034 
279,835 
219,617 



45,192(2) 



786,999 
663,849 
658,934 



TOTAL DEPARTMENT 
OF DEFENSE 



1,299,296 



876,258(2) 



2,175,554(2) 



(^Includes Navy and Marine Corps. 

(2)lncludes Civilian employment in other defense activities, e.g. Defense Supply 
Agency and Office of the Secretary. 

Source: Department of Defense, Distribution of Personnel by State — By Selected 
Locations as of September 30, 1979, summary by state. 



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-131- 



NO. 80 



(1) 



DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE EMPLOYEES 

SUBDIVISION: NOVEMBER 1980 



BY POLITICAL 



POLITICAL 


NUMBER 


SUBDIVISION 


EMPLOYEE 


Maryland 


48,874 


Allegany 


1,488 


Anne Arundel 


6,109 


Baltimore 


8,006 


Baltimore City 


13,221 


Calvert 


237 


Caroline 


267 


Carroll 


2,163 


Cecil 


410 


Charles 


329 


Dorchester 


813 


Frederick 


856 


Garrett 


268 


Harford 


964 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 
EMPLOYEES 



Howard 


1,354 


Kent 


186 


Montgomery 


1,194 


Prince George's 


2,296 


Queen Anne ' s 


502 


St. Mary's 


589 


Somerset 


302 


Talbot 


330 


Washington 


1,707 


Wicomico 


1,384 


Worcester 


359 


Unknown MD County 


2,894 


Out of State 


646 



(1) 



Does not include employees of the Department of Transportation (except Motor Vehicle 
Administration) or employees of the University of Maryland. 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Central Payroll Bureau, November, 1980. 



-132- 



NO. 81 

DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION 
EMPLOYEES, BY WORKING LOCATIONS: NOVEMBER 1980 



LOCATION 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 



MARYLAND 



Total Districts 



District 1 

District 

District 

District 

District 

District 

District 



(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(7) 



Toll Facilities 



(8) 



6,209 

1,875 

172 
318 
309 
275 
399 
201 
201 

823 



Includes Dorchester, Somerset, Wicomico and Worcester Counties. 

2)Includes Caroline, Cecil Kent, Queen Anne's and Talbot Counties. 

3) Includes Montgomery and Prince George's Counties. 

4) Includes Baltimore and Harford Counties. 

5) Includes Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles and St. Mary's Counties. 

6) Includes Allegany, Garrett and Washington Counties. 

7) Includes Carroll, Frederick and Howard Counties. 

8) Includes all personnel at the Chesapeake Bay, J.F. Kennedy, Potomac River and 
Susquehanna River Bridges, the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel, and F.S. Key Memorial 
Bridge (Md. 695). 

Source: Department of Transportation, State Highway Administration, Office of 
Finance and Program Management. 



-133- 



NO. 82 
WORK STOPPAGES IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: 1970-1978 









STOPPAGES BEGINNING 












IN 


YEAR 


MAN DAYS 


IDLE DURING YEAR 










PERCENT OF 










WORKERS' 




ESTIMATED TOTAL 


YEAR 


JURISDICTION 




NUMBER 


INVOLVED 


NUMBER 


WORKING TIME(l) 


1978 


United States 


(2) 


4,230 


1,623,000 


36,922,000 


.17 




Maryland 




46 


14,100 


230,800 


.06 


1977 


United States 


(2) 


5,506 


2,040,000 


35,822,000 


.17 




Maryland 




43 


12,200 


126,400 


.03 


1976 


United States 


(2) 


5,648 


2,420,000 


37,859,000 


.19 




Maryland 




52 


21.000 


390,900 


.10 


1975 


United States 


(2) 


5,031 


1,746,000 


31,237,000 


.16 




Maryland 




58 


22,900 


590,900 


.16 


1974 


United States 


(2) 


6,074 


2,778,000 


47,991,000 


.24 




Maryland 




69 


36,300 


487,200 


.14 


1973 


United States 


(2) 


5,353 


2,251,000 


27,948,000 


.14 




Maryland 




69 


19,800 


250,100 


.05 


1972 


United States 


(2) 


5,010 


1,714,000 


27,066,000 


.15 




Maryland 




65 


21,000 


289,100 


N/A 


1971 


United States 


(2) 


5,138 


3,280,000 


47,589,000 


.26 




Maryland 




79 


46,300 


558,400 


N/A 


1970 


United States 


(2) 


5,716 


3,305,000 


66,414,000 


.37 




Maryland 




91 


43,100 


782,000 


.28 



N/A Not Available. 

(1) Private nonfarm. 

(2) Stoppages extending across state lines have been counted 
separately in each state affected; workers involved and 
man days idle were allocated among the states. 

Souree: U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics, Work Stoppages, 
Analysis of Work Stoppages , for years stated. 



1978; 



-134- 



MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 

While the primary cause of economic growth has been in the non- 
manufacturing sector, certainly manufacturing represents a major factor 
in Maryland's economy, with 15.2 percent of the nonagricultural wage and 
salary employment. Annual average employment in manufacturing was 245,700 
employees in 1979, or approximately 12.5 percent of the total employment 
in Maryland. 

Manufacturing employment has been rising since 1975, and payrolls 
have increased significantly (33 percent) over this period. The largest 
manufacturing payrolls in Maryland during 1978 were in the primary metals, 
electrical equipment, food products and transportation equipment industries. 

Average weekly earnings for all manufacturing in the State rose 
from $241.40 in 1977 to $283.60 in 1979 while average hourly earnings rose 
from $6.05 to $7.09 during the same period. 

Value added figures for 1977 were led by food and kindred 
products, electric and electronic equipment, primary metals, machinery 
excluding electrical, and chemicals and allied products. While ranking 
somewhat below certain other mid-eastern states in value added, Maryland 
experienced a percentage growth of 51 percent over the 1972 to 19 77 time 
period. 

Historically, Baltimore City has been the dominant location for 
manufacturing firms in Maryland. In 1979 that political subdivision had 
virtually 33 percent of the firms in the State,, Next in order, in terms 
of number of firms, but far behind, are Baltimore (301), Montgomery (205), 
Prince George's (199), and Anne Arundel (107) Counties. 

The difference between the value of goods and the cost of materials 
or supplies that are used in producing them. Value Added is derived by sub- 
tracting the cost of raw materials, parts, supplies, fuel, goods purchased 
for resale, electric energy, and contract work from the value of shipments. 

-135- 



NO. 83 

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IN MANUFACTURING: 
MARYLAND AND SELECTED OTHER AREAS: 1963-1977C D 









IN 


THOUSANDS 










SOUTH 






BALTIMORE 


WASHINGT( 


YEAR 


USA 


ATLANTIC( 2 ) 


1 


MARYLAND 


SMS A 


SMSA( 3 ' 


1977 


19,727.2 


2,823.7 




241.9 


166.5 


59.3 


1976 


18,753.0 


2,734.5 




242.8 


164.9 


61.8 


1975 


18,302.2 


2,616.6 




244.0 


167.5 


64.0 


197A 


19,844.8 


2,845.5 




259.3 


181.6 


62.8 


1973 


19,871.0 


2,861.5 




263.4 


184.9 


58.9 


1972 


19,026.8 


2,739.5 




255.6 


179.7 


54.9 


1971 


18,363.1 


2,580.2 




254.4 


178.5 


52.8 


1970 


19,217.2 


2,618.0 




272.4 


194.8 


55.2 


1969 


20,035.5 


2,673.3 




289.4 


208.0 


57.3 


1968 


19,527.6 


2,572.4 




284.7 


206.7 


55.1 


1967 


19,323.2 


2,501.5 




287.6 


209.7 


55.5 


1966 


19,024.0 


2,415.5 




288.6 


206.5 


55.1 


1965 


18,010.2 


2,285.2 




270.7 


193.7 


53.1 


196A 


17,268.5 


2,182.0 




263.0 


190.2 


52.5 


1963 


16,958.4 


2,124.8 




263.7 


190.5 


50.1 


(Dl977, 


1972, 1967 and 


1963 are census years 


and 


are recorded 


in the Census 


of Manufacture 



All other years represent estimates derived from a representative sample of manufac- 
turing establishments canvassed in the Annual Survey of Manufactures and may therefore 
differ from results that would have been obtained from a complete canvas of all manu- 
facturing establishments. 



(^)lncludes : 
Maryland 
Delaware 
West Virginia 
District of Columbia 
Virginia 



North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia 
Florida 



( 3 )The definition of this SMSA was revised for 1972. Historical data prior to 1972 are 

based on the old definition. Data tabulated under the new 1972 definition differ by 
5 percent or less from 1972 data tabulated under the old definition. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Manufactures , 
Geographic Area Series, Maryland Preliminary Report, MC 77-A-21(P), issued 
October 1979; Summary Series, MC 77-S-2(P) , issued December 1979. 






-136- 



NO. 84 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND BY STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION, 
BY PLACE OF WORK, ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1979, 1978, 1977 
(RANKED BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IN 1979) 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 
(IN THOUSANDS) 



1979 



1978 



1977 



PERCENTAGE CHANGE 



1979/78 1979/77 



All Manufacturing Total 

Durable Goods Total 

33 Primary Metal Industries 
Electrical Equipment 
Machinery, Excluding Electrical 
Transportation Equipment 
Fabricated Metal Products 
Stone, Clay and Glass Products 



36 
35 
37 
34 
32 
38 



Instruments and Miscellaneous 
Manufacturing 



24 Lumber and Wood Products 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 
Non-durable Goods Total 

20 Food and Kindred Products 
27 Printing and Publishing 

Apparel and Related Products 
Chemicals and Allied Products 



23 
28 
30 



Rubber and Miscellaneous 
Plastic Products 



26 Paper and Allied Products 

31 Leather and Leather Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

29 Petroleum and Coal Products 



245.7 


242.0 


235.1 


137.1 


133.9 


127.6 


31.8 


30.7 


30.0 


28.9 


27.7 


25.5 


20.2 


19.5 


17.9 


19.3 


19.5 


18.0 


11.5 


11.6 


12.1 


9.7 


9.7 


9.5 


6.9 


6.3 


6.1 


5.2 


4.9 


4.6 


3.6 


4.0 


3.9 


108.6 


108.1 


107.5 


29.6 


29.8 


31.1 


23.0 


21.9 


21.6 


17.2 


17.6 


16.6 


14.2 


14.2 


14.3 


10.8 


10.3 


9.8 


9.8 


9.9 


10.0 


1.9 


2.0 


2.0 


1.3 


1.3 


1.3 


0.8 


1.1 


0.8 



1.5 
2.4 
3.6 
4.3 
3.6 
-1.0 
-0.9 
0.0 

9.5 

6.1 
-10.0 

0.5 
-0.7 

5.0 
-2.3 

0.0 

4.9 

-1.0 

-5.0 

0.0 

-27.3 



4.5 

7.4 

6.0 

13.3 

12.8 

7.2 

-5.0 

2.1 

13.1 

13.0 

-7.7 

1.0 

-4.8 

6.5 

3.6 

-0.7 

10.2 

-2.0 

-5.0 

0.0 

0.0 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment , 



-137- 



NO. 85 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN THE BALTIMORE SMSA BY SELECTED STANDARD 

INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1979, 1978, 1977 

(RANKED BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IN 1979) 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 
(IN THOUSANDS) 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1979 



1978 



1977 



PERCENTAGE CHANGE 



1979/78 1979/77 



All Manufacturing Total 

Durable Goods Total 

33 Primary Metal Industries 
Electrical Equipment 
Transportation Equipment 
Machinery, Excluding Electrical 
Fabricated Metal Products 
Stone, Clay and Glass Products 
Lumber and Wood Products 



36 
37 
35 
34 
32 
24 
38 



Instruments and Miscellaneous 
Manufacturing 



25 Furniture and Fixtures 

Non-durable Goods Total 

20 Food and Kindred Products 

27 Printing and Publishing 

Chemical and Allied Products 
Apparel and Related Products 
Paper and Allied Products 



28 
23 
26 
30 



Rubber and Miscellaneous 
Plastic Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

29 Petroleum and Coal Products 

31 Leather and Leather Products 



164.9 


164.3 


161.2 


0.4 


2.3 


100.3 


99.2 


95.9 


1.1 


4.6 


30.1 


29.1 


28.8 


3.4 


4.5 


20.3 


19.8 


18.5 


2.5 


9.7 


14.5 


15.2 


14.0 


-4.6 


3.6 


11.8 


11.3 


11.0 


4.4 


7.3 


8.4 


8.7 


9.2 


-3.4 


-8.7 


6.7 


6.7 


6.5 


0.0 


3.1 


3.0 


2.6 


2.3 


15.4 


30.4 


2.9 


2.7 


2.7 


7.4 


7.4 


2.6 


3.1 


2.9 


-16.1 


-10.3 


64.6 


65.1 


65.3 


-0.8 


-1.1 


14.1 


14.8 


16.2 


-4.7 


-13.0 


12.5 


12.0 


12.0 


4.2 


4.2 


11.4 


11.3 


11.4 


0.9 


0.0 


10.5 


10.9 


10.4 


-3.7 


1.0 


7.7 


7.7 


7.6 


0.0 


1.3 


6.3 


6.1 


5.7 


3.3 


10.5 


* 


0.8 


0.8 


* 


* 


0.7 


0.9 


0.7 


-22.2 


0.0 


* 


* 


0.5 


* 


* 



*Not published 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment , 

-138- 



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-139- 



NO. 87 

MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS IN MARYLAND: RANK BY 
DOLLAR VALUE IN 1978: 1978 AND 1977 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1978 



1977 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 
Non-durable Goods Total 

33 Primary Metal Industries* 

36 Electrical Machinery* 

20 Food and Kindred Products 

37 Transportation Equipment* 

35 Machinery, Except Electrical* 

27 Printing and Publishing 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

34 Fabricated Metal Products* 

23 Apparel and Related Products 

32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products* 

26 Paper and Allied Products 

30 Rubber and Miscellaneous 

Plastic Products 

24 Lumber and Wood Products* 

25 Furniture and Fixtures* 

38 Instruments and Miscellaneous 

Manufacturing* 

39 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 

Industries* 

31 Leather and Leather Products 

29 Petroleum and Coal Products 
22 Textile Mill Products 



$3,602,517,666 


$3,220,595,792 


11.9 


2,261,288,412 


1,983,573,170 


14.0 


1,341,229,254 


1,237,022,622 


8.4 


638,266,063 


559,598,169 


14.1 


468,403,143 


390,342,501 


20.0 


356,123,800 


334,680,148 


6.4 


341,902,110 


385,982,842 


-11.4 


328,497,034 


198,596,080 


65.4 


306,133,593 


280,289,756 


9.2 


222,203,985 


208,289,129 


6.7 


173,213,168 


169,897,161 


2.0 


147,306,338 


132,747,726 


11.0 


145,226,871 


130,480,361 


11.3 


135,873,418 


123,362,338 


10.1 


132,034,193 


119,374,380 


10.6 


47,387,728 


43,361,131 


9.3 


44,524,638 


37,272,294 


19.5 


37,829,290 


33,738,396 


12.1 


36,038,368 


34,304,235 


5.1 


16,003,984 


14,349,026 


11.5 


14,580,489 


13,162,485 


10.8 


10,969,453 


10,767,634 


1.9 



'Durable Goods Industries 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division, Employment 
and Payrolls Covered by the Unemployment Insurance Law of Maryland , 1978 and 1977. 



-140- 



NO. 88 

NUMBER OF MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1979, 1978, 1970. 1960, 1950 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 1979 1978 1970 1960 1950 



MARYLAND 2,351 2,345 2,641 3,217 3,088 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Bait imore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 

Nondistributable 10 1 8 27 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Employment and Payroll s Covered by 
the Unemployment Insurance Law of M aryland , first quarter issue for the 
stated years. 



52 


55 


56 


81 


67 


107 


111 


99 


104 


59 


782 


841 


1,100 


1,513 


1,738 


301 


264 


244 


208 


130 


13 


9 


17 


20 


7 


24 


26 


33 


49 


52 


55 


56 


67 


89 


83 


37 


40 


52 


64 


57 


23 


21 


22 


30 


18 


58 


52 


65 


82 


67 


61 


65 


67 


83 


78 


17 


17 


23 


36 


33 


49 


42 


47 


71 


54 


62 


51 


29 


24 


18 


14 


15 


20 


26 


21 


205 


203 


168 


131 


79 


199 


198 


178 


145 


71 


23 


20 


21 


24 


9 


12 


9 


23 


39 


20 


30 


32 


41 


61 


50 


38 


37 


51 


58 


44 


78 


78 


103 


114 


124 


70 


72 


77 


102 


112 


31 


30 


38 


55 


70 






-141- 



NO. 89 

LABOR AND PROPRIETORS INCOME FROM THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY: 
MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES 
REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1979 and 1977 



REGION AND STATE 



1979 
($1,000,000) 



1977 
($1,000,000) 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1979/77 



UNITED STATES 



387,627 



306,582 



26. A 



MIDEAST 


76,254 


Pennsylvania 


26,161 


District of Columbia 


345 


Delaware 


1,680 


MARYLAND 


4,556 


Nev; Jersev- 


14,990 


New York 


28,520 


SOUTHEAST 


68,525 


Florida 


6,895 


Alabama 


5,831 


Louisiana 


4,080 


Georgia 


7,490 


North Carolina 


10,780 


South Carolina 


5,467 


Arkansas 


2,982 


Virginia 


6,456 


Kentucky 


5,198 


Tennessee 


7,735 


West Virginia 


2,515 


Mississippi 


3,095 



62,555 

21,182 

282 

1,376 

3,756 

12,364 

23,594 

53,934 
4,986 
4,532 
3,199 
5,902 
8,528 
4,327 
2,361 
5,152 
4,161 
6,214 
2,047 
2,525 



21.9 
23.5 
22.3 
22.1 
21.3 
21.2 
20.9 

27.1 
38.3 
28.7 
27.5 
26.9 
26.4 
26.3 
26.3 
25.3 
24.9 
24.5 
22.9 
22.6 



Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , 
August, 1980 



-142- 



NO. 90 

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES ENCAGED IN MANUFACTURING, MARYLAND AND SELECTED 

EASTERN STATES, REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH IN TOTAL EMPLOYEES 

1977 AND 1972 



TOTAL EMPLOYEES 



PRODUCTION WORKERS 



PERCENT GROWTH 



REGION AND STATE 



JNITED STATES 



1IDEAST 



Delaware 
Pennsylvania 
MARYLAND 
New Jersey 
New York 

SOUTHEAST 



South Carolina 

Kentucky 

Virginia 

Alabama 

Tennessee 

Georgia 

North Carolina 

West Virginia 



1977 
(1,000) 

19,727 



69 

1,346 

242 

784 

1,551 



375 
277 
395 
340 
488 
484 
764 
119 



1972 
(1,000) 

19,027 



69 

1,418 

256 

836 

1,679 



345 
259 
375 
323 
467 
468 
744 
121 



1977 
(1,000) 

13,783 



1972 
(1 ,000) 



13,527 



TOTAL EMPLOYEES 
1977/72 

3.7 



Source 



33 






38 


NC 


937 




1 


,015 


-5.1 


162 






176 


-5.5 


491 






547 


-6.2 


985 




1 


,076 


-7.6 


301 






283 


8.7 


208 






200 


6.9 


302 






293 


5.3 


272 






262 


5.3 


373 






367 


4.5 


376 






369 


3.4 


610 






604 


2.7 


91 






93 


-1.7 


nsus, 


1977 


C 


ensus 


of Manufactures, 



U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the 

Summary Series, Geographic Area Series, MC 77-S-2(P) issued December 1979. 



-143- 



NO. 91 

VALUE ADDED BY MANUFACTURE, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES, 
REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1977 AND 1972 



REGION AND STATE 



1977 



VALUE ADDED 
($1 ,000,000) 



1972 



PERCENT 

CHANGE 

1977/72 



UNITED STATES 

MIDEAST 

Pennsylvania 
MARYLAND 
New York 
New Jersey 
De 1 -u a re 

SOUTHEAST 
Virginia 
Georgia 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Alabama 

North Carolina 
South Carolina 
West Virginia 



$586 


,023 


35 


,985 


7 


,109 


44 


,677 


23 


,197 


1 


,618 


10 


,765 


12 


,500 


9 


,440 


12 


,635 


8 


,349 


18 


,106 


8 


,095 


3 


,908 



$353,974 



23,519 

4,707 

30,404 

16,409 

1,292 



6,178 
7,386 
5,682 
7,662 
5,065 
11,015 
4,966 
2,647 



65.6 



53.0 
51.0 
46.9 
41.4 
25.2 



74.2 
69.2 
66.1 
64.9 
64.8 
64.4 
63.0 
47.6 



Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Manu- 
factures , Summary Series, Geographic Area Series, MC 77-S-2(P) , issued 
December 1979. 



-144- 



NO. 92 

VALUE ADDED BY PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, RANK 

BY DOLLAR VOLUME: 1977 and 1972 



1977 1972 PERCENT 

IC INDUSTRY CHANGE 

($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) 1977/72 



XL INDUSTRIES $7,108.7 $4,706.9 51.0 

Food and Kindred Products 1,021.9 677.5 50.8 

Electric and Electronic 

Equipment 957.1 

Primary Metals 843.4 

Machinery, Excluding Electrical 714.6 

Chemicals and Allied Products 683.9 

Transportation Equipment 582.9 

Printing and Publishing 480.8 

Paper and Allied Products 326.0 

Fabricated Metal Products 319.8 

Apparel 294.9 

Stone, Clay and Glass Products 260.3 

Lumber and Wood Products 92.8 

Miscellaneous 78.3 

Instruments and Related Products 69.6 

Furniture and Fixtures 49.2 

Petroleum and Coal Products 40.0 

Leather Leather Products 33.5 

Textile Products 18.1 



508.2 


88.3 


626.5 


34.6 


396.1 


80.4 


415.0 


64.8 


440.8 


32.2 


345.2 


39.3 


159.3 


104.6 


254.0 


25.9 


216.5 


36.2 


228.7 


13.8 


74.5 


24.6 


47.4 


65.2 


51.4 


35.4 


40.4 


21.8 


33.5 


19.4 


25.0 


34.0 


19.2 


-5.7 



U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Manufactures , 
Preliminary Report issued October, 1979, Geographic Area Series, MC77-A-21 (P). 



-145- 



NO. 93 

AVERAGE WEEKLY AND AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS I'N MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 

IN MARYLAND BY PLACE OF WORK: 1979 AND 1978 

(RANKED BY 1979 DOLLAR VALUE OF AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS) 



WEEKLY EARNINGS 



HOURLY EARNING 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



979 



1978 



.979 



All Manufacturing Average 
Durable Goods Average 
Non-durable Goods Average 

33 Primary Metal Industries* 

37 Transportation Equipment* 

35 Machinery Except Electrical* 
28 Chemicals and Allied Products 
32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products* 
27 Printing and Punblishing 

34 Fabricated Metal Products* 

36 Electric and Electronic Equipment* 
20 Food and Kindred Products 

26 Paper and Allied Products 

38 Instruments and Miscellaneous 

Manufacturing* 

24 Lumber and Wood Products* 

25 Furniture and Fixtures* 

23 Apparel and Related Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

31 Leather and Leather Products 



$283.60 
322.29 
234.35 

433.75 
344.47 
332.03 
311.28 
311.12 
284.93 
268.37 
234.18 
229.71 
228.00 

212.66 
200.04 
191.26 
160.19 
151.78 
145.60 



$257.75 
293.35 
216.06 

379.25 
342.77 
273.88 
283.53 
282.46 
273.31 
251.93 
226.59 
208.83 
212.27 

203.60 
182.28 
175.64 
146.58 
153.90 
138.36 



$7.09 
7.88 
6.04 

10.23 
8.81 
8.02 
7.29 
7.39 
7.42 
6.61 
5.84 
5.86 
5.70 

5.29 
5.09 
5.02 
4.59 
4.08 
4.00 



*Durable Goods Industries 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



146- 



TRADE 

Trade activity encompasses retail trade, wholesale trade, and 
selected services. Figures developed by the United States Bureau of the 
Census in its business censuses are quite interesting. 

More than 28,300 retail establishments were situated in Maryland 
in 1977 and their aggregate sales were approximately $14.4 billion. These 
figures represent a 6.1 percent increase in the number of establishments 
and a 52.7 percent increase in dollar volume from the data reported five 
years earlier. Eating and drinking places, food stores, and gasoline 
service stations were the more frequently reported types of establishments 
of those categorized, while food stores, automotive dealers, and general 
merchandise group stores reported for higher dollar volumes. 

The number of wholesale trade establishments grew by nearly 6 percent 
over the same period, and a 65.5 percent dollar volume increase was shown. 
Establishments dealing in machinery, motor vehicles and automotive equipment, 
and groceries were the more frequently reported, and dollar volume rankings 
showed motor vehicle and automotive equipment, machinery, and grocery 
establishments leading the list. 



-147- 



NO. 94 

ESTIMATED TRAVEL EXPENDITURES AND TRAVEL 
GENERATED EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

RANKED BY EXPENDITURE LEVELS 



1976 



Total Travel 
Expenditures 
(Thousands) 



Travel 
Generated 
Employment 

(Jobs) 



MARYLAND 

Baltimore City 

Montgomery 

Worcester 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel 

Prince George's 

Washington 

Harford 

Allegany 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Frederick 

Howard 

Charles 

Cecil 

St. Mary's 

Garrett 

Kent 

Queen Anne's 

Carroll 

Dorchester 

Calvert 

Somerset 

Caroline 



$1,753,889 

371,000 

280,597 

242,860 

173,705 

172,198 

160,999 

77,841 

63,684 

35,692 

31,650 

26,167 

22,672 

19,210 

14,915 

11,370 

8,708 

8,532 

6,169 

5,725 

5,194 

5,056 

4,415 

3,130 

2,401 



62,843 

12,843 

10,422 

9,514 

6,242 

5,645 

5,561 

2,788 

2,094 

1,350 

1,218 

969 

831 

697 

534 

394 

311 

311 

231 

206 

143 

182 

160 

115 

80 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Travel Service, County Travel 
Economic Impact Model (CTEIM) 1976 . 



-148- 



NO. 95 

TRADE ACTIVITY IN MARYLAND, ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL ONLY: 1977 



TYPE OF ACTIVITY 



NUMBER OF 
ESTABLISHMENTS 



SALES OR 
RECEIPTS 
1977 ($1,000) 



APPROXIMATE 
PERCENT CHANGE 

1977/1972 
SALES PAYROLL 
OR ENTIRE 
RECEIPTS YEAR 



detail Trade 21,290 
Building Materials, Hardware, 

Garden Supply and Mobil Home 

Dealers 846 

General Merchandise 520 

Food Stores 2,844 

Automotive Dealers 1,388 

Gasoline Service Stations 2,249 

Apparel and Accessory Stores 1,900 
Furniture, Home Furnishings and 

Equipment 1,506 

Eating and Drinking Places 5,051 

Drug and Proprietary Stores 737 

Miscellaneous Retail Stores 4,249 

holesale Trade 5,019 

Durable Goods 3,245 
Motor Vehicles and Automotive Parts 

and Supplies 560 

Furniture and Home Furnishings 187 
Sporting, Recreational, Photographs 

and Hobby Goods, Toys and Supplies 86 
Metals and Minerals, except 

Petroleum 98 

Nondurable Goods 1,774 

Apparel, Piece Goods 93 

Groceries and Related Products 550 

Farm Product Raw Materials 78 

Petroleum and Petroleum Products 171 

sleeted Services 12,569 

Hotels, Motels, etc. 436 

Personal Services 2,975 

Business Services 3,020 

Automotive Repair and Services 1,613 

Miscellaneous Repair Services 989 
Amusement and Recreation Services 1,067 

Dental Laboratories 97 

Legal Services 1,712 
Architectural, Engineering and 

Land-Surveying Services 660 



$14,110,851 



519,271 
2,030,893 
3,129,454 
2,800,752 
1,189,725 

679,342 

607,975 
1,229,518 

514,343 
1,409,578 

16,900,800 
9,947,032 

3,358,397 
356,416 

117,639 

754,550 
6,953,768 

279,328 
2,280,435 

450,716 
1,580,511 

3,092,578 
203,384 
298,962 

1,161,377 
322,870 
179,328 
275,586 
15,911 
270,190 

364,970 



56 



66 



52 



65 


68 


37 


37 


59 


66 


59 


50 


83 


33 


37 


33 


37 


43 


77 


78 


34 


27 


62 


54 


65 


55 


63 


61 


57 


48 


91 


63 



-12 



52 


77 


69 


47 


83 


10 


66 


60 


97 


77 


83 


16 


55 


48 


71 


73 


29 


20 


54 


44 


57 


58 


63 


60 


39 


24 


32 


31 


79 


122 



62 



Durce: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1977 Census of Retail Trade , 
RC 77-A-21; 1977 Census of Wholesale Trade , WC 77-A-21; 1972 Census of Wholesale 
Trade , WC 72-A-21; 1977 Census of Service Industries , SC 77-A-21. 

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•152- 









NO. 97 










MARYLAND 


RETAIL TRADE, 


BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977 






ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 


ESTABLISHMENTS WITH 


PAYROLL 












PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 




SALES 




SALES 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 

EMPLOYEES v ' 


SUBDIVISION 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


MARYLAND 


28,344 


14,377,108 


21,290 


14,110,851 


1,803,341 


261,952 


Allegany 


728 


275,550 


520 


265,877 


32,116 


4,849 


Anne Arundel 


2,217 


1,215,748 


1,669 


1,197,855 


151,048 


22,297 


Baltimore City- 


5,595 


2,088,617 


4,212 


2,030,106 


294,893 


43,692 


Baltimore 


4,598 


2,653,492 


3,565 


2,616,035 


325,919 


49,194 


Calvert 


187 


58,766 


138 


56,954 


6,377 


916 


Caroline 


225 


57,630 


137 


53,833 


5,197 


761 


Carroll 


702 


238,562 


449 


229,177 


25,900 


3,927 


Cecil 


437 


177,635 


323 


172,741 


16,491 


2,742 ' 


Charles 


442 


193,593 


310 


188,323 


21,841 


3,098 


Dorchester 


310 


86,758 


203 


82,483 


9,931 


1,520 


Frederick 


766 


351,702 


583 


344,412 


41,044 


6,437 


Garrett 


216 


75,223 


145 


71,848 


7,924 


1,118 


Harford 


844 


369,155 


614 


359,614 


42,981 


6,627 


Howard 


588 


294,725 


433 


289,880 


37,389 


5,648 


Kent 


209 


54,756 


139 


51,592 


6,412 


1,154 



Montgomery 3,476 2,406,665 2,597 2,381,841 317,106 42,442 

Prince George's 3,459 2,570,081 2,812 2,547,601 317,852 44,445 

Queen Anne's 191 50,902 110 47,136 5,639 884 

St. Mary's 408 122,880 287 118,256 14,076 2,235 

Somerset 180 32,150 101 27,654 2,643 489 

Talbot 366 122,583 265 118,277 15,057 2,173 

Washington 938 421,922 712 412,986 47,636 7,228 

Wicomico 646 288,435 473 281,802 36,455 5,279 

Worcester 616 169,578 493 164,568 21,414 2,797 



(1) 



For week including March 12. 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Retail Trade, Area Statistics, Maryland, 
RC77-A-21. 



-153- 



NO. 98 
MARYLAND RETAIL TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 



"" 






ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 




ESTABLISHMENTS WITH 


PAYROLL 






















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 








SALES 








SALES 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 
EMPLOYEES J 


SUBDIVISION 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


MARYLAND 


26 


,704* 


9 


,418,130* 


19 


,431 


9 


,049,817 


1,186,746 


228,243 


Allegany 




818 




192,364 




510 




178,383 


20,429 


4,257 


Anne Arundel 


2 


,340 




742,245 


1 


,399 




710,003 


90,079 


17,533 


Baltimore City 


7 


,006 


1 


,811,264 


4 


,744 


1 


,719,471 


261,800 


52,393 


Baltimore 


4 


,992 


1 


,621,012 


2 


,952 


1 


,551,123 


195,677 


39,854 


Calvert 




188 




37,733 




124 




35,069 


3,765 


724 


Caroline 




206 




29,398 




108 




25,053 


2,587 


542 


Carroll 




740 




130,541 




356 




117,007 


13,920 


2,784 


Cecil 




451 




90,984 




289 




82,227 


8,479 


1,630 


Charles 




505 




124,091 




296 




117,299 


14,159 


2,816 


Dorchester 




321 




61,640 




208 




55,923 


7,084 


1,359 


Frederick 




877 




206,868 




564 




196,190 


25,064 


4,750 


Garrett 




206 




44,625 




128 




40,860 


4,468 


914 


Harford 




940 




232, 92Q 




563 




220,925 


26,109 


5,152 


Howard 




583 




138,526 




338 




130,869 


18,757 


4,039 


Kent 




198 




35,100 




116 




31,162 


3,535 


749 


Montgomery 


3 


,520 


1 


,513,142 


2 


,116 


1 


,469,025 


192,565 


33,756 


Prince George's 


4 


,073 


1 


,727,757 


2 


,446 


1 


,681,003 


213,577 


38,797 


Queen Anne's 




218 




32,931 




121 




28,140 


3,295 


741 


St. Mary's 




457 




81,625 




267 




76,002 


8,836 


1,840 


Somerset 




206 




25,000 




103 




19,541 


2,003 


447 


Talbot 




349 




77,073 




230 




70,593 


8,967 


1,664 


Washington 




991 




238,715 




640 




224,951 


28,101 


5,468 


Wicomico 




618 




192,532 




396 




183,045 


22,771 


4,245 


Worcester 




522 




91,948 




397 




88,953 


10,689 


1,789 



* In the 1977 Census of Retail Trade , an adjustment has been made at the State level in the 
1972 "All Establishments" data to reflect the exclusion of nonemployer direct sellers 
("direct selling establishments" are shown in "nonstore retailers" category) . For the 
State, this change provides the following reductions from the originally published 1972 
figures: Number of establishments - less 4,621; Sales - less $62,000,000. A similar 
adjustment at the county level, however, is not available. Therefore, the county data, 
as shown, will total to the State figures published in the 1972 Census of Retail Trade . 



(1) 



For week, including March 12 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, RC 72-A-21, 1972 Census of Retail Trade , Area Statistii 
Maryland . 

-154- 









NO. 99 








MARYLAND 


WHOLESALE 


TRADE, BY POLITICAL 


SUBDIVISION: 1977 














PAYROLL 




LITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


SALES 


ENTIRE 




BDIVISION 


ESTABLISHMENTS 


($1,000) 


YEAR 


PAID 
EMPLOYEES v; 










($1,000) 


IYLAND 


5 


,019 


$16,900,800 


$902,244 


67,121 


Legany 




99 


143,390 


8,559 


799 


le Arundel 




263 


1,091,594 


48,696 


3,498 


Ltimore City 


1 


,162 


4,910,046 


253,126 


18,966 


Ltimore 




802 


2,691,597 


149,919 


10,403 


lvert 




12 


12,246 


968 


101 


roline 




28 


59,632 


2,718 


270 


rroll 




102 


146,250 


9,561 


901 


til 




39 


33,299 


3,135 


316 


arles 




54 


116,906 


7,914 


666 


rchester 




43 


34,755 


2,730 


311 


aderick 




116 


196,033 


14,667 


1,337 


rrett 




37 


44,372 


2,670 


304 


rford 




91 


142,806 


8,786 


808 


lard 




235 


1,464,847 


55,244 


3,890 


at 




27 


41,081 


2,015 


237 


ntgomery 




694 


2,130,519 


127,105 


8,139 


Lnce George's 




649 


2,757,141 


140,122 


10,373 


aen Anne' s 




37 


57,019 


3,044 


376 


. Mary's 




34 


61,522 


4.176 


385 


nerset 




32 


21,271 


1,730 


273 


Ibot 




67 


105,007 


6,759 


634 


shington 




180 


243,634 


23,044 


2,025 


comico 




154 


329,222 


20,637 


1,689 


rcester 




62 


66,611 


4,919 


420 















For week including March 12. 

jrce: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1977 Census of Wholesale Trade , 
WC 77-A-21. 



-155- 



NO. 100 



MARYLAND WHOLESALE TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 









PAYROLL ENTIRE 




POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


SALES 


YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 


ESTABLISHMENTS 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES (!) 


Maryland 


4,746 


$10,212,246 


$580,399 


62,923 


Allegany 


109 


101,918 


6,774 


818 


Anne Arundel 


194 


585,853 


22,809 


2,367 


Baltimore City 


1,400 


3,497,791 


220,906 


23,892 


Baltimore 


704 


1,639,332 


91,343 


8,980 


Calvert 


8 


10,549 


664 


104 


Caroline 


36 


39,491 


1,720 


252 


Carroll 


80 


56,476 


4,187 


600 


Cecil 


43 


28,429 


2,271 


360 


Charles 


50 


53,947 


3,248 


484 


Dorchester 


46 


25,493 


1,835 


304 


Frederick 


107 


102,183 


9,883 


1,182 


Garrett 


32 


16,841 


1,306 


231 


Harford 


79 


90,398 


7,511 


942 


Howard 


106 


423,282 


15,364 


1,453 


Kent 


36 


23,181 


1,444 


261 


Montgomery 


604 


1,376,178 


64,148 


5,657 


Prince George's 


567 


1,643,922 


81,383 


9,006 


Queen Anne's 


27 


25,342 


1,880 


433 


St. Mary's 


28 


32,599 


2,500 


307 


Somerset 


38 


16,163 


1,483 


333 


Talbot 


57 


84,659 


7,241 


1,188 


Washington 


171 


147,713 


15,141 


1,794 


Wicomico 


157 


157,363 


12,781 


1,618 


Worcester 


67 


33,143 


2,577 


407 



(1) 



For week including March 12, 1972. 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1972 Census of 
Wholesale Trade, WC 72-A-21. 



-156- 



NO. 101 



(1) 



SELECTED SERVICES' ' IN MARYLAND BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977 



ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 



ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER 



RECEIPTS 
($1,000) 



NUMBER 



RECEIPTS 
($1,000) 



PAYROLL 
ENTIRE YEAR 
($1,000) 



PAID 
EMPLOYEES 



(3) 



MARYLAND 32,897 

Allegany 524 

Anne Arundel 2,301 

Baltimore City 5,572 

Baltimore 4,889 

Calvert 176 

Caroline 205 

Carroll 753 

Cecil 353 

Charles 358 

Dorchester 246 



3,357,864 12,569 3,092,578 



24,907 

156,825 

725,101 

445,521 

7,951 

6,229 
31,154 
16,765 
21,349 

8,486 



201 

892 

2,632 

1,885 

58 

55 
226 
124 
147 

70 



21,446 

138,838 

686,752 

406,867 

6,476 

4,771 
25,110 
13,348 
18,658 

6,987 



1,214,012 

5,919 

52,708 

252,306 

158,396 

2,015 

1,358 
7,618 
3,920 
6,367 
1,952 



131,981 

1,022 

7,097 

31,072 

19,847 

277 

194 
1,005 
524 
849 
315 



Frederick 


742 


32,048 


235 


26,738 


8,320 


1,247 


Garrett 


180 


7,968 


61 


6,153 


1,815 


374 


Harford 


841 


36,934 


318 


30,638 


9,843 


1,634 


Howard 


945 


79,545 


305 


71,177 


27,251 


3,070 


Kent 


189 


6,290 


55 


4,464 


1,312 


225 


Montgomery 


7,347 


1,092,478 


2,550 


1,021,050 


447,178 


35,953 


Prince George' s 


4,383 


482,447 


1,623 


448,447 


177,722 


20,495 


Queen Anne's 


153 


4,974 


36 


3,240 


1,022 


197 


St. Mary's 


332 


18,012 


128 


15,986 


6,823 


848 


Somerset 


113 


2,168 


31 


1,340 


427 


80 


Talbot 


334 


18,518 


121 


15,669 


4,814 


809 


Washington 


785 


46,667 


320 


40,969 


13,172 


1,935 


Wicomico 


657 


36,498 


226 


31,844 


10,427 


1,343 


Worcester 


519 


49,029 


270 


45,610 


11,327 


1,569 



(1) 



(2) 



Includes Hotels, Motels, Tourist Courts, Camps; Personal Services; Miscellaneous 
Business Services; Auto Repair, Auto Services, Garages; Miscellaneous Repair Shops; 
Amusement and Recreation Services, including Motion Pictures; Dental Laboratories; 
Legal Services; Architectural, Engineering and Land-Surveying Services. 

For week including March 12. 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Service Industries, Area 
Statistics, Maryland, SC 77-A-21. 



-157- 



NO. 102 
SELECTED SERVICES^) IN MARYLAND BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 



ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 



ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL 

















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 






RECEIPTS 






RECEIPTS 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES (' 


Maryland 


27 


,727 


2,204, 380 (3) 


11 


,085 


2,001, 046 (3 ' ) 


818,257 


177,859 


Allegany 




490 


19,900 




225 


16,808 


4,994 


1,261 


Anne Arundel 


1 


,747 


114,089 




649 


101,202 


37,573 


6,071 


Baltimore City 


5 


,920 


599,778 


2 


,836 


564,143 


197,405 


34,671 


Baltimore 


4 


,110 


245,796 


1 


,524 


212,639 


80,810 


14,139 


Calvert 




124 


4,182 




46 


3,393 


1,065 


211 


Caroline 




149 


4,970 




49 


3,596 


1,303 


256 


Carroll 




499 


16,237 




153 


12,153 


3,595 


705 


Cecil 




318 


10,946 




124 


8,670 


2,418 


626 


Charles 




264 


10,349 




99 


8,288 


1,957 


445 


Dorchester 




216 


5,819 




74 


4,472 


1,307 


337 


Frederick 




622 


24,779 




224 


20,340 


6,582 


1,188 


Garrett 




144 


3,499 




47 


2,503 


770 


205 


Harford 




671 


26,786 




265 


21,728 


7,048 


1,554 


Howard 




504 


90,014 




172 


86,093 


46,708 


4,896 


Kent 




145 


4,059 




65 


3,128 


954 


224 


Montgomery 


5 


,780 


683,246 


2 


,117 


633,456 


295,611 


30,208 


Prince George's 


3 


,645 


293,646 


1 


,397 


267,082 


100,658 


15,347 


Queen Anne' s 




100 


2,576 




28 


1,667 


311 


85 


St. Mary's 




222 


7,398 




91 


6,035 


2,141 


498 


Somerset 




112 


1,644 




38 


902 


185 


51 


Talbot 




251 


12,015 




107 


10,400 


3,313 


801 


Washington 




711 


30,036 




283 


25,333 


8,265 


1,727 


Wicomico 




541 


21,620 




204 


17,993 


6,091 


1,223 


Worcester 




442 


28,283 




268 


26,319 


7,193 


1,130 



^Includes Hotels, Motels, Trailer Courts, Camps; Personal Services; Miscellaneous 
Business Services; Auto Repair, Auto Services, Garages; Miscellaneous Repair Shops; 
Amusement and Recreation Services, including Motion Pictures; Dental Laboratories; 
Legal Services; Architectural, Engineering and Land-Surveying Services. 



(2) 



For week including March 12, 1972. 



Adjustment at State level to allow for comparability with 1977 Receipts which reflect 
commissions, fees and other income of advertising agencies rather than gross billings as 
previous censuses. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1972 Census of Service Industries , SC 72-A21, 

Area Statistics, Maryland. 

-158- 









NO. 103 








NUMBER 


OF ESTABLISHMENTS, BY 


SELECTED KIND-OF-BUSINESS GROUPS 





MARYLAND SELECTED SERVICES 


BY POLITICAL 


SUBDIVISION: 1977 




1 






SELECTED KIND-OF-BUSINESS GROUPS 




HOTELS, 


AUTO 




AMUSEMENT 








MOTELS , 


REPAIR, 


MISCEL- 


ft RECREATION 








TOURIST 


AUTO 


LANEOUS 


SERVICES INCLUD- 


POLITICAL 




COURTS , 


SERVICES, 


REPAIR 


ING MOTION 


LEGAL 


SUBDIVISION 




CAMPS 


GARAGES 


SERVICES 


PICTURES 


SERVICES 


MARYLAND 




615 


2,778 


2,456 


3,909 


3,378 


Allegany 




19 


77 


40 


50 


36 


Anne Arundel 




28 


219 


198 


300 


200 


Baltimore Cit; 


f 


41 


506 


362 


457 


1,017 


Baltimore 




62 


353 


352 


709 


512 


Calvert 




4 


17 


19 


31 


15 


Caroline 




4 


33 


28 


24 


9 


Carroll 




13 


88 


89 


93 


35 


Cecil 




27 


45 


37 


50 


27 


Charles 




11 


50 


30 


42 


20 


Dorchester 




4 


38 


24 


33 


14 


Frederick 




18 


78 


66 


108 


41 


Garrett 




23 


24 


11 


19 


10 


Harford 




24 


93 


87 


102 


75 


Howard 




22 


73 


65 


115 


80 


Kent 




10 


17 


22 


22 


12 


Montgomery 




35 


344 


380 


736 


754 


Prince George 


's 


45 


412 


365 


623 


342 


Queen Anne' s 




6 


13 


13 


26 


15 


St. Mary's 




11 


44 


41 


42 


22 


Somerset 




4 


13 


13 


10 


7 


Talbot 




10 


37 


34 


47 


27 


Washington 




34 


101 


79 


95 


46 


Wicomico 




16 


76 


68 


81 


29 


Worcester 




144 


27 


33 


94 


33 


Source: U.S. 


Bureau 


of the Census, 1977 Census of Service Industries, Area 


Statistics, 


Maryland, 


SC 77-A-21. 
















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-161- 



PERSONAL INCOME 

Maryland's personal income rose in 1979 to $38,706,000,000 an increase 
of nearly 23 percent from 1977. The total per . 1 income of the State repre- 
sents 2.0 percent of the total personal income of the United States, slightly 
lower than the 2.1 percent in 1977. 

Per capita income in Maryland rose to $9,331 in 1979, up 22.6 percent 
from 1977. This figure placed the State eleventh in the nation in this 
category. 

In average per household consumer spendable income in 1979, Maryland 
ranked second among the mideast states with a level of $22,364. As might be 
expected, the metropolitan areas' were the leaders, with suburban Washington's 
Montgomery County having the second highest average disposable income ($29,442) 
of any County in the United States. Baltimore and Prince George's Counties 
each have disposable income figures in excess of $25,000 per household, while 
at the other end of the scale, Allegany, Garrett, Caroline and Calvert Counties 
all have levels of less than 15,000. 

The Gross State Product for Maryland in 1979 is estimated to have risen in 
current dollars to 42.5 billion, an increase of 10 percent above the level of 
1978. The Gross State Product concept is roughtly equivalent to the national 
level Gross National Product, i.e., the State output of goods and services 
valued at market price. 



-162- 



NO. 106 
GROSS STATE PRODUCT, MARYLAND, CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS: 1957-1979 



YEAR CURRENT DOLLARS CONSTANT DOLLARS (1972) DOLLARS ) 

($1,000,000,000) ($1,000,000,000 



1979 $42.5 $26.1 

1978 38.7 25.9 

1977 34.8 24.8 

1976 32.3 24.4 

1975 29.3 23.3 

1974 27.1 23.2 

1973 25.2 23.7 

1972 22.7 22.5 

1971 20.5 20.9 

1970 19.0 20.4 

1969 17.7 20.2 

1968 16.2 19.3 

1967 14.6 18.2 

1966 13.5 17.6 

1965 12.1 16.4 

1964 11.0 15.3 

1963 10.0 14.1 

1962 9.2 13.3 

1961 8.5 12.4 

1860 8.1 11.9 

1959 7.8 11.8 

1958 7.3 11.2 

1957 7.1 11.1 



Source: Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 



-163- 



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NO. 109 



TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES 

1979 and 1977 



TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME 



STATE 



($1,000,000) 
1979 



UNITED STATES 

MIDEAST 
MARYLAND 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 
Delaware 
New York 
District of Columbia 

SOUTHEAST 
Florida 
Louisiana 
Arkansas 
Georgia 
Tennessee 
South Carolina 
North Carolina 
Kentucky 
Virginia 
Alabama 
Mississippi 
West Virginia 

MARYLAND as Percent of U.S, 



1,930,742 



38,706 

71,461 

100,398 

5,428 

160,662 

6,934 



75,713 
30,467 
15,114 
39,044 
32,162 
20,690 
41,399 
26,066 
44,628 
26,240 
15,007 
13,844 



($1,000,000) 
1977 



1,523,861 



31,493 
58,163 
82,212 

4,454 
133,281 

5,973 



57,060 
23,517 
11,729 
30,398 
25,100 
16,333 
32,765 
20,694 
35,415 
20,858 
11,992 
11,140 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1979/77 



26.7 



22.9 
22.9 
22.1 
21.9 
20.5 
16.1 



32.7 
29.6 
28.9 
28.4 
28.1 
26.7 
26.4 
26.0 
26.0 
25.8 
25.1 
24.3 



2.0 



2.1 



Note: State Personal Income received by State residents from all sources during any calendar 
year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal military and civilian employees 
temporarily stationed abroad. 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , 

August, 1980. 



-166- 









NO. 110 








PER 


CAPITA 


PERSONAL INCOME, MARYLAND 


AND SELECTED EASTERN 










STATES 


: 1979 and 


1977 










PER CAPITA 


INCOME 




RANK IN 


STATE 




1979 


1977 


PERCENT CHANGE 


NATION BASED 






($) 


($) 


1979/77 


ON 


1979 












INCOME 


UNITED STATES 




8,773 


7,043 


24.6 






MIDEAST 














MARYLAND 




9,331 


7,612 


22.6 




11 


New Jersey 




9,747 


7,927 


23.0 




8 


Pennsylvania 




8,558 


6,969 


22.8 




26 


New York 




9,104 


7,433 


22.5 




16 


Delaware 




9,327 


7,651 


21.9 




12 


District of Columt 


ia 


10,570 


8,721 


21.2 




2 


SOUTHEAST 














Arkansas 




6,933 


5,450 


27.2 




50 


Florida 




8,546 


6,740 


26.8 




27 


Louisiana 




7,583 


5,985 


26.7 




37 


Georgia 




7,630 


6,030 


26.5 




36 


Tennessee 




7,343 


5,848 


25.6 




44 


South Carolina 




7,057 


5,676 


24.3 




47 


North Carolina 




7,385 


5,941 


24.3 




42 


Kentucky 




7,390 


5,968 


23.8 




41 


Virginia 




8,587 


6,951 


23.5 




24 


Alabama 




6,962 


5,651 


23.2 




49 


Mississippi 




6,178 


5,027 


22.9 




51 


West Virginia 




7,372 


6,011 


22.6 




43 


MARYLAND as Percent 


of U.S. 


106.4 


108.1 























Note: State Personal Income is income received by State residents from all sources during 

any calendar year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal military and civi- 
lian employees temporarily stationed abroad. 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , 

August, 1980. 



-167- 



NO. Ill 



PERSONAL INCOME BY MAJOR SOURCE, MARYLAND: 
(IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS) 



1979 and 1977 







AS PERCENT 




AS PERCENT 


PERCENT 


ITEM 


1979 


OF PERSONAL 


1977 


OF PERSONAL 


CHANGE 






INCOME* 




INCOME* 


1979/77 



INCOME BY PLACE OF WORK 

Total Labor and Proprietors Income 

Wage and Salary Disbursements 

Other Labor Income 

Proprietors Income 
Farm 



(1) (2) 



; (2) 



Nonfarm 



(2) 



INCOME BY INDUSTRY 

Farm 

Nonfarm 

AgriculturaJ-jServices, Forestry, Fisheries 

and Other ' 
Mining 

Construction 
Manufacturing 

Transportation and Public Utilities 
Wholesale Trade 
Retail Trade 

Finance, Insurance and Real Estate 
Services 

Federal Government, Civilian 
Federal Government, Military 
State and Local Government 

DERIVATION OF PERSONAL INCOME BY PLACE OF 
RESIDENCE 

Total labor and proprietors income by place 
of work 

Less: Personal contributions for social in- 
surance by place of work 

Net labor and proprietors income by place of 
work 

Plus: Residence adjustment 

Net labor and proprietors income by place of 
residence 

Plus: Dividends, Interest and Rent^*' 
Plus: Transfer Payments 
Personal Income by Place of Residence 



26,687 


68.9 


22,766 


58.8 


1,927 


5.0 


1,995 


5.1 


175 


0.4 


1,820 


4.7 


264 


0.7 


26,423 


68.2 


82 


0.2 


35 


0.1 


1,751 


4.5 


4,556 


11.8 


1,747 


4.5 


1,509 


3.9 


3,075 


7.9 


1,453 


3.8 


5,369 


13.9 


2,838 


7.3 


508 


1.3 


3,499 


9.0 



26,687 


68.9 


1,492 


3.8 


25,195 


65.1 


4,467 


11.5 


29,662 


76.6 


4,427 


11.4 


4,617 


11.9 


38,706 


100.0 



21,836 


69.3 


22.2 


18,888 


60.0 


20.5 


1,506 


4.8 


28.0 


1,442 


4.6 


38.3 


68 


0.2 


157.4 


1,374 


4.4 


32.5 


142 


0.4 


85.9 


21,695 


68.9 


21.8 


63 


0.2 


30.2 


26 


0.1 


34.6 


1,467 


4.7 


19.4 


3,756 


11.9 


21.3 


1,424 


4.5 


22.7 


1,230 


3.9 


22.7 


2,534 


8.0 


21.3 


1,164 


3.7 


24.8 


4,099 


13.0 


31.0 


2,590 


8.2 


9.6 


465 


1.5 


9.2 


2,875 


9.1 


21.7 



21,836 


69.3 


22.2 


1,176 


3.7 


26.9 


20,660 


65.6 


22.0 


3,702 


11.8 


20.7 


24,362 


77.4 


21.8 


3,389 


10.8 


30.6 


3,742 


11.9 


23.4 


31,493 


100.0 


22.9 



*By place of residence 
(1) 



(2) 
(3) 



Consists of wage and salary disbursements, other labor and proprietors' income. 

Include! the capital consumption adjustment for nonfarm proprietors. 

Includes wages and salaries of U.S. residents working for international organizations. 



(4) 

Includes the capital consumption adjustment for rental income of persons. 

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , August 1980. 



-168- 



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-169- 



NO. 113 
CONSUMER SPENDABLE INCOME RANK ORDER FOR STATES: 1979 



STATES 



California 

New York 

Texas 

Illinois 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Michigan 

Florida 

New Jersey 

Massachusetts 

Indiana 

Virginia 

North Carolina 

Wisconsin 

Missouri 

Georgia 

MARYLAND 

Washington 

Minnesota 

Tennessee 

Connecticut 

Louisiana 

Kentucky 

Iowa 

Alabama 

Colorado 



($1,000) 



19A, 226,550 
137,781,751 
98,896,310 
95,504,973 
86,572,206 
81,243,633 
73,262,313 
62,636,904 
61,428,467 
43,348,671 
39,941,645 
38,072,943 
35,855,326 
33,994,635 
33,871,660 
32,886,434 
32,257,640 
31,544,414 
30,375,751 
27,817,925 
26,270,019 
25,959,038 
22,741,251 
22,692,365 
22,501,602 
21,086,509 



STATES 



Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Kansas 

South Carolina 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

Mississippi 

West Virginia 

Nebraska 

Utah 

New Mexico 

Hawa i i 

Rhode Island 

Maine 

District of Columbia 

New Hampshire 

Nevada 

Idaho 

Montana 

Delaware 

South Dakota 

North Dakota 

Alaska 

Wyoming 

Ve rmont 



National Consumer Spendable Income is $1,646,545,397,000 



($i,ooo; 



20,548,29 

19,167,85! 

18,339,62 

17,755,58 

17,549,48 

12,752,68 

12,666,05 

12,450,54 

11,555,77 

8,498,64 

7,815,06 

7,130,64 

6,691,76 

6,576,82 

6,291,54 

6,258,95 

6,138,57 

5,999,03! 

5,118,79 

4,604,42 

4,536,27 

4,503,14 

3,972,84 

3,725,38 

3,126,63 



Source: Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc.; 1-1-80 SRDS Consumer Market Data Summary , 
issued July 12, 1980. 



-170- 



NO. 114 

BUYING POWER, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1979 



SUBDIVISION 



PERCENTAGE 
OF USA TOTAL 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worchester 



MARYLAND 



.0276 
.1520 
.3099 
.3485 
.0090 
.0074 
.0355 
.0200 
.0297 
.0112 
.0420 
.0077 
.0630 
.0521 
.0064 
.3626 
.3493 
.0090 
.0196 
.0073 
.0124 
.0437 
.0238 
.0096 

1.9591 



Source: Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc. 1-1-80 SRDS 

Consumer Market Data Summary, issued July 12, 1980, 



-171- 



NO. 115 

ESTIMATED PER CAPITA AND AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD CONSUMER SPENDABLE INCOME BY 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, RANKED BY PER CAPITA CONSUMER SPENDABLE INCOME: 1979 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



PER CAPITA 
CONSUMER SPENDABLE 
INCOME 



AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD 
RANK CONSUMER SPENDABLE 
INCOME 



RANK 



UNITED STATES 

MARYLAND 

BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREA^ 1 ) 

Montgomery 
Baltimore 
Prince George's 
Talbot 
Howard 

Harford 
Charles 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Washington 

Wicomico 

Kent 

Somerset 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Carroll 

Queen Anne's 

Cecil 

St. Mary's 

Allegany 

Worcester 
Caroline 
Garrett 
Calvert 



7,481 
7,777 
7,395 

10,428 
8,977 
8,729 
7,769 
7,183 

7,028 
6,983 
6,928 
6,583 
6,483 

6,368 
6,262 
6,201 
6,160 
6,149 

6,019 
5,918 
5,668 
5,663 
5,640 

5,633 
5,444 
4,883 
4,485 





20,904 






22,364 






21,319 




1 


29,442 


1 


2 


27,116 


2 


3 


25,733 


3 


4 


18,710 


8 


5 


22,299 


5 


6 


20,577 


7 


7 


22,600 


4 


8 


20,994 


6 


9 


17,575 


14 


10 


17,867 


13 


11 


17,025 


15 


12 


15,633 


18 


13 


16,165 


17 


14 


15,609 


19 


15 


18,484 


9 


16 


18,183 


11 


17 


16,577 


16 


IS 


18,287 


10 


19 


18,000 


12 


20 


14,831 


21 


21 


15,580 


20 


22 


13,938 


23 


23 


12,683 


24 


24 


14,258 


22 



t 1 ) Baltimore City, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford and Howard Counties. 

Source: Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc. 1-1-79 SRDS Consumer Market Dat a Summary, 

issued July 12, 1980. 



-172- 



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-173- 



NO. 117 
RETAIL SALES PER HOUSEHOLD RANK ORDER FOR STATES: 1979 



STATES 



IN DOLLARS 
PER HOUSEHOLD 



United States 

Alaska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

Texas 

Montana 

Florida 

Minnesota 

Michigan 

Utah 

MARYLAND 

Arizona 

Ca li fornia 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

Missouri 

Co lorado 

Massachusetts 

II lino is 

Hawaii 

Indiana 

Ohio 

Wyoming 

Louisiana 

Tennessee 

Virginia 



11 ,279 
16,034 
14,877 
13,342 
13,293 
12,952 
12,790 
12,683 
12,463 
12,418 
12,296 
12,273 
12,196 
12,076 
12,053 
11,894 
11,876 
11,841 
11,790 
11,776 
11,563 
11,384 
11,344 
11,272 
11 ,157 
11,063 



Source 



issued July 12, 1980, 







IN DOLLARS 




STATES 


PER HOUSEHOL 




Iowa 


11,033 




Wisconsin 


10,962 




North Dakota 


10,844 




Idaho 


10,714 




Washington 


10,711 




Pennsylvania 


10,615 




North Carolina 


10,590 




Nehraska 


10,404 




Alahama 


10,376 




Georgia 


10,265 




Delaware 


10,124 




Mississippi 


10,010 




Vermont 


10,010 




Kentucky 


9,972 




Oregon 


9,879 




Kansas 


9,828 




South Dakota 


9,791 




Connecticut 


9,696 




New York 


9,300 




West Virginia 


9,201 




Oklahoma 


9,099 




Rhode Island 


8,984 




Maine 


8,740 




South Carolina 


8,537 




Arkansas 


8,386 




District of Columbia 


8,325 


» 


1-1-80 SRDS Consumer Market 


Data Summary 



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-175- 



NO. 119 

FAMILIES BELOW POVERTY LINE IN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1969 



NUMBER OF FAMILIES 
SUBDIVISION BELOW POVERTY LEVEL 



Allegany 2,576 

Anne Arundel 4,033 

Baltimore City 30,178 

Baltimore 5,610 

Calvert 706 

Caroline 852 

Carroll 1,093 

Cecil 1,053 

Chaii. 1,053 

Dorchester 1 , 137 

Frederick 1,489 

Garrett 1,223 

Harford 1,734 

Howard 634 

Kent 531 

Montgomery 4,011 

Prince George's 7,031 

Queen Anne's 747 

St. Mary's 1,457 

Somerset 1,188 

Talbot 801 

Washington 2,544 

Wicomico 1 ,84 1 

Worcester 1,079 

MARYLAND 74,601 



Note on the Poverty Level: 

The poverty level is a designation used by the federal government as 
one means of identifying areas and persons with income levels so low that 
some economic hardship is likely to be present. Various levels have been 
determined depending on family size, sex of family head, number of child- 
ren and type of residence. The poverty level threshold averages about 
$3,750 on a national basis. The data for families below the poverty level 
have several limitations — for instance the poverty levels are not adjusted 
for state or local variation in costs of living, but are satisfactory for 
giving a general picture of the existence and location of low income. 

Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970, General 
Social and Economic Characteristics , Final Report PC (1) C22, 
Maryland. 



-176- 



NO. 120 
TRANSFER PAYMENTS, BY STATE FOR 1977 



UNITED STATES 



TRANSFER PAYMENTS (MILLIONS OF DOLLARS) 



UNEMPLOY- RETIRE- 
MENT COM- MENT AND 
PENSATION^ 2 ' OTHER (3) 
1977 1977 





INCOME 




MAIN- 


TOTAL 


TENANCE 1 


1977 


1977 



208,369 



NEW ENGLAND 




Connecticut 


2,947 


Maine 


1,112 


Massachusetts 


6,224 


New Hampshire 


736 


Rhode Island 


1,076 


Vermont 


438 


MIDEAST 




Delaware 


528 


District of Columbia 


1,266 


MARYLAND 


3,749 


New Jersey 


7,549 


New York 


20,949 


Pennsylvania 


13,099 


GREAT LAKES 




Illinois 


10,723 


Indiana 


4,028 


Michigan 


8,491 


Ohio 


9,720 


Wisconsin 


3,948 


PLAINS 




Iowa 


2,398 


Kansas 


2,005 


Minnesota 


3,336 


Missouri 


4,400 


Nebraska 


1,239 


North Dakota 


517 


South Dakota 


550 



24,236 



13,405 



170,727 



272 


323 


2,352 


111 


86 


915 


896 


449 


4,879 


49 


22 


665 


106 


104 


866 


47 


33 


358 


50 


59 


419 


163 


79 


1,024 


344 


187 


3,218 


819 


936 


5,794 


3,202 


1,601 


16,146 


1,473 


1,231 


10,395 


1,373 


1,030 


8,320 


256 


110 


3,662 


1,183 


835 


6,473 


995 


536 


8,189 


446 


191 


3,311 


158 


119 


2,121 


132 


82 


1,791 


280 


224 


2,832 


383 


223 


3,794 


62 


31 


1,146 


36 


32 


449 


49 


12 


489 



continued on following page 
d 'Consists of Federal and State and Local direct welfare (including 
supplemental security income payments), food stamp payments, and pay- 
ments made through several other relief programs, such as refugee 
assistance. 

'2)consists of payments to unemployed workers through State, Federal 
and railroad unemployment insurance programs. 

^'Includes retirement and disability payments made through the social 
security programs and through railroad, military, and Federal civilian 
retirement programs; Medicare; educational assistance to veterans and 
others; and miscellaneous transfers, such as business 
payments. 

-177- 



NO. 120 

TRANSFER PAYMENTS, BY STATE FOR 1977 (cont'd.) 



TRANSFER PAYMENTS (MILLIONS OF DOLLARS) 



TOTAL 
1977 



INCOME UNEMPLOY- RETIRE- 
MAIN- MENT COM- MENT & 
TENANCE^ 1 ) PENSATION^ 2 ) OTHER ( 3 ) 
1977 1977 1977 



SOUTHEAST 
Alabama 
Arkansas 
Florida 
Georgia 
Kentucky 
Louisiana 
Mississippi 
North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Tennessee 
Virginia 
West Virginia 

SOUTHWEST 
Arizona 
New Mexico 
Oklahoma 
Texas 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN 
Colorado 
Idaho 
Montana 
Utah 
Wyoming 

FAR WEST 
Alaska 
California 
Hawaii 
Nevada 
Oregon 
Washington 



3,307 
2,035 
10,220 
4,071 
3,087 
3,149 
2,016 
4,321 
2,265 
3,607 
4,650 
1,995 



2,255 
1,037 
2,627 
9,698 



2,267 
697 
668 
930 
292 



341 

24,018 

876 

625 

2,412 

3,874 



375 


187 


2,745 


226 


83 


1,726 


689 


287 


9,244 


486 


183 


3,402 


409 


143 


2,535 


467 


210 


2,472 


312 


60 


1,644 


491 


229 


3,601 


260 


115 


1,890 


396 


189 


3,022 


352 


105 


4,193 


188 


66 


1,141 


252 


74 


1,929 


139 


42 


856 


251 


89 


2,287 


786 


262 


8,650 


207 


114 


1,946 


67 


36 


594 


43 


43 


582 


68 


60 


802 


15 


9 


268 


64 


98 


179 


3,829 


1,567 


18,622 


164 


76 


636 


31 


59 


535 


452 


207 


1,753 


332 


277 


3,265 



Source: Calculated on the basis of data obtained from the U.S. Bureau 
of Economic Analysis which appears in the Statistical Abstract 
of the United States 1979 , Table No. 731, Ratio of Transfer 
Payments to Total Personal Income - Index, by State: 1965 
to 1977 . Total transfer payments and personal income, 
Survey of Current Business, August 1979. 



-178- 






CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 

The city worker's family budget refers to the annual cost of a moderate 
living standard for a family comprised of a 38-year-old husband, a wife not 
employed full time outside the home, a 13-year-old boy, and an 8-year-old girl, 
This is the model family devised by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. 
Department of Labor. 

In 1979 the average urban worker's budget was $20,517 while the Baltimore 
budget was $20,316. The Washington budget at the same time was $22,206. 
Using 39 metropolitan areas to equal 100, the Baltimore area had an index of 
99 while the Washington area index was 108. As will be noted in accompanying 
tables, average earnings differ considerably as between occupational groups 
when using the metropolitan, areas base. 

The Consumer Price Index increased from September 1979 to September 1980 
by 13.4 percent in the Baltimore Area, by 11.8 percent in the Washington D.C. 
Area, and by 12.7 percent for the United States city average. 



-179- 



NO. 



121 



CONSUMER PRICE INDICES, ALL ITEMS SERIES, U.S. ( l \ BALTIMORE, MD. , AND WASHINGTON, D.C. 

METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1975-79 
(1967 = 100) 



YEAR 



BALTIMORE, MD. 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 



u. 


S. AVERAGE 




217 


4 




195. 


4 




181 


5 




170 


5 




161 


2 



1979 
1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 



218.2 
199.6 
185.9 
173.9 
165.2 



218.6 
197.0 
183.0 
171.1 
161.6 



Prices are collected in 85 urban areas across the country. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, All Urban Consumers Series. 

NO. 122 

URBAN WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET **', 
BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREA AND SELECTED U.S. METROPOLITAN AREAS: AUTUMN 1979 



METROPOLITAN AREA 



TOTAL BUDGET (3) 



INDEX (2) 



Boston 

New York-Northeastern NJ 

Washington, D.C. -MD-VA 

San Francisco-Oakland 

Philadelphia-NJ 

Minneapolis-St. Paul 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Chicago-Northwestern IND 

BALTIMORE 

Cincinnati 

Pittsburgh 

Los Angeles-Long Beach 

Houston 

Atlanta 

Dallas 

URBAN U.S. 



$24,381 
23,856 
22,206 
21,478 
21,436 
21,426 
20,868 
20,821 
20,564 
20,316 
20,287 
19,890 
19,871 
19,025 
18,821 
18,301 

20,517 



119 

116 

108 

105 

104 

104 

102 

101 

100 

99 

99 

97 

97 

93 

92 

89 

100 



(1) 



(2) 
(3) 



Refers to annual cost of intermediate living standard for a family comprised of a 38 year 
old husband, wife not employed outside the home, 13 year old boy and 8 year old girl. 

U.S. Urban Average Cost = 100. 

Total budget costs include personal income taxes, social security, other items and total 
consumption. 



Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Autumn 1979 Urban Family 

Budget and Comparative Indexes for Selected Urban Areas , released April 30, 1980. 



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-181- 



NO. 124 

INDICES OF AVERAGE EARNINGS OF WORKERS IN SELECTED 
OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS AND RELATIVE ADVANCE IN 29 
METROPOLITAN AREAS: JANUARY-DECEMBER 1978 
(ALL METROPOLITAN AREAS = 100*) 



AREA 



OFFICE ELECTRONIC SKILLED UNSKILLi 
CLERICAL DATA PROCESSING MAINTENANCE PLANT 



Atlanta, Ga. 

BALTIMORE, MD. 

Boston, Mass. 

Buffalo, N.Y. 

Chicago, 111. 

Cincinnati, Ohio, Ky. , Ind. 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Dallas, Fort Worth, Tex. 

Dayton, Ohio 

Denver, Boulder, Colo. 

Detroit, Mich. 

Green Bay, Wis. 

Houston, Tex. 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

Kansas City, Mo. , Kans. 

Los Angeles, Long Beach, Cal. 

Anaheim, Santa Ana, Garden Grove, Cal. 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Minneapolis, St. Paul, Minn. 

New York, N.Y. , N.J. 

Philadelphia, Pa., N.J. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Portland, Me. 

St. Louis, Mo., 111. 

San Diego, Cal. 

San Francisco, Oakland, Cal. 

Seattle, Everett, Wash. 

Washington, D.C., MD. , Va. 

Wichita, Kans. 



102 
105 

97 

98 
105 

97 
101 

94 

96 
100 
119 

95 
103 

97 

98 
109 
106 

99 

94 
103 

98 
105 

88 
100 

99 
111 
111 
104 

98 



105 
97 
92 
95 

102 
93 

105 
96 
98 

102 

116 

104 

94 

100 

105 

110 

103 

96 

109 

99 

100 

96 

98 
102 

97 
102 

95 



96 


86 


101 


93 


93 


89 


109 


110 


108 


121 


98 


99 


107 


110 


93 


78 


105 


108 


99 


94 


116 


131 


96 


105 


103 


75 


106 


107 


106 


114 


102 


97 


98 


90 


107 


106 


104 


113 


98 


118 


97 


106 


104 


104 


72 


99 


101 


106 


102 


94 


118 


131 


111 


124 


104 


79 


90 


83 



>v Average pay levels for each industry and occupational groups in 262 SMSA's in the United 

States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) as established by the Office of Management and Budget 
through February, 1974. 

Note: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication criteria. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Wage Differences Among Metro- 
politan Areas, 1978. 



-182- 



STATE FINANCE 

Maryland's fiscal 1979 State expenditures totaled $4,006,429,000. Of 
this total, 18.5 percent went to education, 16.9 percent to transportation, 
and 16.4 percent to public health, hospitals and mental hygiene, with 9.4 
percent going to public assistance programs. 

During the same fiscal year, the State received a total of $3,883,262,000 
in revenues, 28.5 percent of that uotal coming from income tax sources, 18.0 per- 
cent from retail sales and use taxes, 11.1 percent from motor vehicle user taxes 
and fees, 22.7 percent from federal funds, 14.1 percent from sundry taxes, 
licenses, fees and charge for services, 2.0 percent for interest and other 
investment income, and a dollar figure of $120,000,000 from bond proceeds. 

Net cash expenditures increased 12.9 percent from fiscal year 1978 to 
fiscal year 1979. Net cash revenues increased 10 percent during the same 
fiscal period. 



-183- 



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-184- 



NO. 126 

RETAIL SALES TAX RECEIPTS, O) MARYLAND, 
RANK ORDER BY MAJOR CLASS OF BUSINESS: FISCAL YEAR 1979 



CLASS OF PERCENTAGE 

BUSINESS DISTRIBUTION 



General Merchandise 20.55 

Food and Beverge 19.42 

Building and Contractors 13.26 

Miscellaneous 12.25 

Utilities and Transportation 9.70 

Furniture, Fixtures, and Appliances 8.40 

Automotive 6.50 

Apparel 5. 44 

Hardware, Machinery, and Equipment 4.48 

TOTAL 100.00 

(l^Does not include Assessment Collections. 

Source: Comptroller of the Treasury, 32 nc * Annual 

Statistical Report of the Retail Sales Tax 
Division for Fiscal Year 1979. 



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-186- 



NO. 128 
RETAIL SALES AND USE TAX RECEIPTS,* BY SUBDIVISION: FISCAL YEARS 1979 AND 1974** 



SUBDIVISION 



RETAIL SALES AND USE TAX RECEIPTS 
FISCAL 1979 FISCAL 1974 



PERCENTAGE CHANGE 
1979/74 



TOTAL COLLECTIONS 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

TOTAL OF SUBDIVISIONS 
AND BALTIMORE CITY 

District of Columbia 

Other Out-Of-State 

Misc. Use Tax 



703,002,753 

11,281,115 

47,468,024 

123,197,855 

120,758,709 

2,232,835 

2,282,156 

8,966,101 

6,593,036 

8,045,184 

3,003,035 

16,794,326 

3,035,444 

15,445,025 

16,071,948 

2,471,627 

95,903,522 

105,259,641 

1,950,880 

4,697,272 

1,004,127 

4,978,494 

18,403,360 

12,936,626 

9,401,417 

643,181,759 

12,234,266 

42,361,011 

5,225,717 



365,501,496 

6,123,803 

23,209,442 

80,703,296 

58,086,832 

1,151,296 

992,972 

4,037,363 

2,992,813 

3,571,064 

1,803,704 

7,027,018 

1,304,842 

6,264,666 

6,089,318 

1,217,780 

48,363,691 

53,454,097 

909,116 

2,256,575 

636,178 

2,538,532 

8,877,919 

7,117,618 

4,077,573 

332,807,408 

7,862,835 

21,553,607 

3,277,646 



92.3 



84 


2 


104 


5 


53 


9 


107 


9 


93 


9 


129 


8 


122 


.1 


120 


3 


125 


3 


66 


5 


139 





132 


6 


146 


5 


163 


9 


103 


.0 


98. 


3 


96 


.9 


114. 


6 


108. 


2 


57. 


8 


96. 


1 


107. 


3 


81. 


8 


130. 


6 


93. 


3 


55. 


6 


96. 


5 


59. 


4 



*This table is designed for use in the area of public finance, and not as an indicator 

of retail sales activity. For Fiscal 1979, the rate is 5 percent, while the rate in 

fiscal 1974 was 4 percent. Also, the scope of items taxed in 1979 is broader than that 
in 1974. 

**Ended June 30th. 

Source: Comptroller of the Treasury, 32nd Annual Statistical Report of the Retail 

Sales Tax Division for Fiscal Year 1979 , Table XII. 



-187- 



NO. 129 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUES AND CURRENT EXPENSES 
FISCAL YEAR 1979, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



REVENUES 



SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL 

IN " 
DOLLARS OTHER 

PER LOCAL LOCAL 
CAPITA TAXES REVENUES 



PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION 



(1) 



FEDERAL 






STATE 


REVENUE 


FEDERAL 


STATE 


SHARED 


SHARING 


GRANTS 


GRANTS 


TAXES 



MARYLAND 



$1,099 38.2 



16.5 



2.1 



16.9 



22.6 



3.5 



0.2 



Allegany 


905 


28.3 


11.8 


3.4 


25.4 


27.5 


3.6 


* 


Anne Arundel 


767 


45.5 


11.9 


3.0 


11.2 


25.2 


3.1 


* 


Baltimore City 


< 2) 1,665 


23.0 


9.8 


2.0 


33.5 


26.1 


5.3 


0.3 


Baltimore ( 2 ) 


838 


50.1 


17.2 


2.0 


8.5 


19.3 


2.9 


* 


Calvert 


1,029 


57.5 


6.0 


2.8 


11.4 


19.6 


2.8 





Caroline 


787 


27.9 


5.4 


2.5 


19.3 


37.1 


7.9 





Carroll 


761 


39.6 


11.3 


3.6 


13.7 


27.6 


4.3 





Cecil 


699 


37.9 


6.4 


2.8 


13.5 


33.6 


5.9 


* 


Charles 


956 


34.9 


10.2 


2.5 


12.4 


37.0 


2.7 


0.3 


Dorchester 


850 


32.9 


11.2 


3.0 


17.3 


29.0 


6.7 


* 


Frederick 


940 


35.2 


11.9 


2.8 


15.8 


30.3 


3.9 


* 


Garrett 


838 


32.2 


5.3 


3.6 


13.9 


36.6 


8.2 





Harford 
Howard (2) 


785 


36.1 


11.1 


1.7 


15. 3 


31.6 


3.2 





891 


57.0 


13.1 


1.8 


6.2 


19.0 


2.7 


0.1 


Kent 


753 


37.4 


11.6 


3.7 


14.0 


26.5 


6.8 


— 


Montgomery 


1,218 


52.5 


24.3 


1.3 


6.6 


13.3 


1.9 


* 


Prince George' 


s 963 


44.4 


16.5 


2.2 


11.0 


22.8 


2.4 


0.5 


Queen Anne's 


817 


27.2 


15.1 


2.3 


10.6 


37.7 


7.0 


* 


St. Mary's 


716 


33.3 


5.7 


2.9 


18.8 


35.4 


3.8 


* 


Somerset 


798 


22.2 


6.7 


3.4 


30.2 


31.5 


5.9 


0.1 


Talbot 


1,141 


26.7 


39.8 


1.7 


8.3 


18.8 


4.2 


0.6 


Washington 


817 


35.5 


19.7 


2.4 


10.3 


28.6 


3.6 


* 


Wicomico 


838 


34.8 


12.4 


3.1 


16.5 


28.1 


5.0 


* 


Worcester 


1,426 


46.3 


17.2 


1.4 


12.7 


18.1 


4.1 


0.2 



(Continued on foiling page) 



-188- 



NO. 129 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUES AND CURRENT EXPENSES: 
FISCAL YEAR 1979, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION (Cont'd) 









EXPENDITURES 








TOTAL 




PERCENTAGE 


DISTRIBUTION Vi/ 








IN 














DOLLARS 




PUBLIC 








SUBDIVISION 


PER 




WELFARE 




PUBLIC 






CAPITA 


EDUCATION 


& HEALTH 


HIGHWAYS 


SAFETY 


OTHER 


MARYLAND 


$1,123 


38.6 


11.1 


8.7 


8.6 


32.9 


Allegany 


859 


48.3 


9.1 


4.4 


5.4 


32.7 


Anne Arundel 


837 


46.3 


6.9 


6.3 


10.7 


29.9 


Baltimore City^ 2 ^ 
Baltimore^ ' 


1,860 


20.4 


18.0 


17.3 


11.5 


32.7 


787 


51.0 


5.4 


2.5 


9.4 


31.7 


Calvert 


1,038 


46.1 


11.5 


9.2 


8.6 


24.5 


Caroline 


797 


52.8 


12.8 


9.8 


3.4 


21.2 


Carroll 


691 


51.5 


7.3 


12.2 


3.2 


25.8 


Cecil 


697 


59.7 


9.9 


9.6 


4.0 


16.9 


Charles 


902 


67.2 


8.3 


2.9 


4.6 


17.0 


Dorchester 


870 


47.5 


10.9 


13.7 


4.8 


23.1 


Frederick 


1,032 


45.2 


6.3 


12.2 


3.4 


32.9 


Garrett 


897 


53.8 


8.6 


22 


2.5 


1*3.1 


Harford 
Howard (2) 


805 


55.5 


7.5 


6.1 


5.0 


25.8 


925 


56.0 


4.2 


4.4 


8.7 


26.6 


Kent 


766 


54.3 


10.3 


7.4 


3.5 


24.5 


Montgjmery 


1,158 


45.8 


5.6 


2.9 


6.7 


39.1 


Prince George's 


953 


47.2 


14.6 


2.8 


8.8 


26.6 


Queen Anne's 


851 


54.7 


8.4 


9.8 


3.0 


24.0 


St. Mary's 


731 


60.8 


11.7 


8.8 


3.2 


15.5 


Somerset 


818 


48.3 


10.3 


14.9 


3.4 


23.1 


Talbot 


1,073 


36.9 


5.5 


5.7 


4.2 


47.7 


Washington 


781 


52.7 


5.4 


8.9 


6.5 


26.5 


Wicomico 


810 


48.2 


12.9 


8.7 


5.9 


24.2 


Worcester 


1,406 


37.3 


4.5 


10.0 


8.2 


40.0 



"' Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding. 

'2) County only. 

* Less than 0.1 percent. 

Source: Department of Fiscal Services, Local Government Finances in Maryland, 1978/79 Fiscal 
Year, Table 3 . 

Bureau of the Census, unpublished figures obtained from the Maryland Department 
of Health and Mental Hygiene (Federal - State Cooperative Program), issued July 1980. 



-189- 



NO. 130 

GENERAL REVENUE SHARING PAYMENTS TO MARYLAND, 

BALTIMORE CITY AND ALL COUNTIES 
ENTITLEMENT PERIOD 11 AND ENTITLEMENT PERIOD 10 



JURISDICTION 



Oct. 



TOTAL 



(1) 



State of Maryland ( 2 ) 
All Counties ( 3 ) 
Baltimore City 
Other Municipalities^' 

Allegany 
Anne \rundel 
Baltimore 
Calvert 
Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne ' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 
Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



INITIAL 
ENTITLEMENT 
PERIOD 11 
1, 1979-Sept. 30, 1980 



FINAL 

ENTITLEMENT 

PERIOD 10 

Oct. 1, 1978-Sept. 30, 1979 



132,440,894 

44,146,964 

56,773,997 

24,888,865 

6,631,068 

1,511,674 

6,455,080 

10,017,551 

911,852 

259,011 

2,082,200 
782,669 

1,155,831 
404,181 

1,433,752 

721,842 
1,952,371 
2,047,102 

376,687 
8,572,329 

13,523,056 

308,712 

1,150,351 

456,862 

271,512 

1,376,923 
724,546 
277,903 



136,946,036 

45,626,056 

57,784,969 

26,609,121 

6,655,890 

1,576,079 

6,437,258 

10,694,682 

861,479 

317,823 

1,943,221 
870,139 

1,442,364 
478,355 

2,077,047 

727,497 
1,592,464 
1,868,387 

394,647 
8,296,195 

13,304,269 

400,348 

1,125,010 

544,873 

335,687 

1,364,272 
882,508 
250,365 



(1) 
(2) 



Includes payments to Maryland, Baltimore City, all counties and 149 sub-county 
jurisdictions. 



Includes State share. 

^3) Includes county shares, exclusive of payments to individual jurisdictions within a 
given county. 

™) All municipalities except Baltimore City. 

Source: U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Revenue Sharing, Eleventh Period 
Entitlements. 
-190- 



FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 

The number of active banks of all types in Maryland decreased from 116 to 
a total of 109 between 1976 and 1978. Total assets increased during the period 
by 22.9 percent. State banks and trust companies numbered the same as in 1976, 
but total assets increased by 34.7 percent. While the number of national banks 
fell by 17.1 percent, their total assets rose by 11.7 percent. Meanwhile, credit 
unions decreased in number from 32 in 1976 to 31 in 1978. Total assets of the 
credit unions in 1978 stood at 207.6 million, an increase of 39.3 percent since 
1976, however, possibly indicating an increase in the size of such institutions. 

The number of building, savings and loan associations in Maryland decreased 
from 204 at the end of 1978 to 200 one year later. Of those associations active 
at the end of 1979, 53 were Federally chartered, 147 State chartered, and 132 
were State chartered with Maryland Savings Share Insurance Corporation insurance. 

Nearly $8,633,000,000 in mortgage loans were outstanding as of December 31, 
1979 by the associations in Maryland, a 4.4 percent increase from 1978. Simi- 
larly, total assets increased to $9,896,348,527, representing a 4.2 percent 
increase. 



-191- 



NO. 131 

ALL ACTIVE BANKS '*' IN MARYLAND. 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1976, 1977 and 1978 
(MONEY FIGURES IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS AS OF DEC. 31) 



ITEMS 



1978 



1977 



1976 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 
Mortgages and Judgements 

U.S. Government and 
Other Securities 

Cash and Balances 
with Other Banks 

Total Liabilities 

Total Deposits 



109 
$15,432 



111 
$13,791 



116 
$12,557 



- 6.0 
22.9 



9,695 


8,546 


7,530 


28.8 


2,386 


2,847 


2,755 


-13.4 


1,516 


1,278 


1,180 


28.5 


14,308 


12,762 


11,604 


23.3 


12,769 


11,880 


10,680 


19.6 



'*) National, State, Trust and Mutual Banks 

Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Seventh Annual Report , 1977, 

Sixty-Eighth Annual Report, 1978 . 
Sixty-Ninth Annual Report , 1979. 
U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report , 1976. 

Annual Report , 1977. 
Annual Report, 1978. 



-192- 



NO. 132 



,(D 



ALL ACTIVE NATIONAL BANKS IN MARYLAND 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1976, 1977 and 1978 





1978 


1977 


1976 


PERCENT CHANGE 


ITEM 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


1976/1978 


Number of Banks 


34 


39 


41 


-17.1 


Total Assets 


$6,217 


$5,532 


$5,564 


11.7 


Selected Assets: 










Total Loans, Including 


3,678 


3,311 


3,169 


16.1 


Mortgages & Judgements 










U.S. Government & Other 


325 


864 


957 


-66.0 


Securities 










Cash & Balances with 


738 


576 


627 


17.7 


Other Banks 










Total Liabilities 


5,811 


5,159 


5,193 


11.9 


Selected Liabilities: 










Total Deposits 


4,813 


4,603 


4,483 


7.4 


Demand 


1,885 


1,761 


1,703 


10.7 


Time & Savings 


2,928 


2,842 


2,295 


27.6 


Total Equity Capital 


403 


367 


333 


21.0 



(1) 



As of December 31 of stated years. 



Sourees: U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report , 1978 
U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report . 1977, 
U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report . 1976, 



-193- 



NO. 133 



ALL ACTIVE STATE BANKS AND TRUST COMPANIES IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1976, 1977, 1978 



ITEM 



1978 
($1,000,000) 



1977 
($1,000,000) 



1976 
($1,000,000) 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1976/78 



Number of Banks 
Total Assets 



72 
$7,599 



Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 

Mortgages and Judgments 4,832 

U.S, Government and 

Other Securities 1,764 

Cash and Balances with 

Other Banks 720 



Total Liabilities 



7,016 



Capital Accounts: 

Capital Stock, Surplus, Un- 
divided Profits & Reserves 571 



Total Deposits 



6,544 



72 
$6,789 

4,149 

1,693 

671 

6,253 

525 
5,969 



72 
$5,640 

3,381 

1,520 

513 

5,166 

465 
4,990 



34.7 

42.9 
16.1 
40.4 
35.8 

22.8 
31.1 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Ninth Annual Report, 1979. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Eighth Annual Report, 1978. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Seventh Annual Report, 1977. 

NO. 134 

ALL ACTIVE MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS IN MARYLAND, 

SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1976, 1977, 1978 



ITEM 



1978 
($1,000,000) 



1977 
($1,000,000) 



1976 
($1,000,000) 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1976/78 



Number of Banks 3 

Total Assets $1,616 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 

Mortages and Judgments 1,185 

U.S. Government and 

Other Securities 297 

Cash and Balances with 

Other Banks 58 

Total Liabilities 1,481 

Selected Liabilities: 

Surplus, Undivided Profits 
and Reserves 135 



Total Deposits 



1,412 



3 
$1,471 

1,086 

289 

31 

1,350 

121 
1,307 



3 
$1,353 

979 

278 

40 

1,245 

121 
1,207 



19.4 

21.0 

6.8 

45.0 

19.0 

11.6 
17.0 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Ninth Annual Report, 1979. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Eighth Annual Report, 1978. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Seventh Annual Report, 1977, 



-194- 



NO. 135 

CREDIT UNIONS IN MARYLAND: 1976, 1977, 1978 







1978 




1977 




1976 


PERCENT CHANGE 


ITEM 


($1 


,000,000) 


($1 


,000,000) 


($1 


,000,000) 


1976/1978 


Number of Credit Unions 




31 




32 




32 


- 3.1 


Total Assets 




$207.6 




$172.0 




$149.0 


39.3 


Selected Assets: 
















Loan to Members 




184.1 




151.3 




126.0 


46.1 


Cash (on hand & in banks) 




2.3 




2.0 




1.3 


76.9 


Investments (securities) 




10.6 




12.3 




16.6 


-36.1 



Total Liabilities 

Selected Liabilities: 

Members Shares & Deposits 
Reserve Funds & Surplus 



188.9 



176.5 
18.7 



154.9 



150.4 
17.1 



134.0 



130.3 
15.0 



41.0 



35.5 
24.7 



Source: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Ninth Annual Report , 1979. 
Maryland State B nk Commissioner, Sixty-Eighth Annual Report , 1978. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Seventh Annual Report , 1977, 



NO. 136 

CONSUMER LOAN AND SMALL LOAN LICENSEES 
IN MARYLAND: 1979 AND 1978 



ITEM 







PERCENT CHANGE 


1979 


1978 


1978/1979 


312 


317 


- 1.6 


$599,615,722 


$531,601,391 


12.8 


402,170,091 


293,307,813 


37.1 


592,494,381 


525,642,890 


12.7 


1,489,924 


1,407,595 


5.8 


553,413,227 


483,473,443 


14.5 


580,015 


643,977 


- 9.9 


62,427,809 


23,555,645 


165.0 


46,202,495 


48,127,948 


-4.0 



Number of Consumer Loan Licensees 
Total Assets 

Selected Assets: 
Consumer Loans 
Net Total Receivables 
Net Total Property 

Total Liabilities 

Selected Liabilities: 
Total Accruals 
Total Deferred Income 

Total Capital 



Source: Dept. of Licensing & Regulation, Office of Commissioner of Consumer Credit, 

The Composite Condition of Consumer Loan Licensees, Jan. 1, 1978-Dec. 31, 1978 
and Jan. 1, 1979-Dec. 31, 1979. 



-195- 



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-197- 



LIFE INSURANCE 

The strength of the Maryland economy is again evident in the field of 
life insurance. Nearly $5,394,000,000 of ordinary life insurance was purchased 
in Maryland during 1978. This figure represents an 13 percent increase from 
the prior year and a 92.3 percent increase since 1971. 

When all types of life insurance are considered, Marylanders held 8,353,000 
policies with an in force valuation of almost 56.4 billion dollars. The average 
amount in force per family in Maryland stood at 36,900 during 1978, representing 
an inceease of 37.7 percent since 1974. Maryland's average is therefore some- 
what nbove the national family average of 35,100 of life insurance in force. 



-198- 






NO. 138 
LIFE INSURANCE IN FORCE IN MARYLAND: 1978 



TYPE 



NUMBER OF POLICIES 
(1,000) 



AMOUNT 
($1,000,000) 



Total 

Ordinary 
Group 

Industrial 
Credit 



8,353 

2,852 
1,900 
1,751 
1,850 



56,403 

28,322 

24,086 

1,011 

2,984 



Average amount in force per family $36,900 (37.7 percent increase since 1974). 

Note: "Credit" is limited to life insurence on loans of ten years' or less duration. 

"Ordinary" and "Group" include credit life insurance on loans of more than ten 

year's duration. 

*Includes group credit certificates. 

Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book , 1979. 

NO. 139 
PURCHASES OF ORDINARY LIFE INSURANCE, MARYLAND: 1972-1978 



AMOUNT 


PERCENT 


PERCENT 


PURCHASED 


CHANGE 


CHANGE 


($1,000,000) 


YEAR TO YEAR 


YEAR TO 1972 


$5,394 


13.0 


92.3 


•4,773 


11.1 


70.3 


4,298 


12.4 


53 2 


3,823 


5.5 


36.3 


3,625 


12.4 


29.2 


3,225 


15.0 


15.0 


2,805 









1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 



(P) 



(P) 



Preliminary 



Note: The series includes mass-marketed ordinary insurance. Beginning with 1974, data 

include long-term individual credit insurance. 
Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book, 1979. 



-199- 



MASS MEDIA 

There are two major market centers for the mass media in the State, as well 
as several smaller ones. The major market centers are metropolitan Baltimore 
and metropolitan Washington, D.G. 

Fourteen daily papers, as well as two designated as Washington, D.C. 
publications serve the State, and five more publish twice weekly. In addition, 
there are a myriad of weekly newspapers put out at least once a week through- 
out the State. 

There are ten television stations on the air in Maryland. In addition, 
there are six stations on the air from Washington, D.C, which serve many 
viewers in Maryland. 

Four of the stations in Maryland are noncommercial, as is one operating 
from Washington. However, the noncommercial channels in Maryland, with the 
call letters, WAPB, WMPB, WCPB and WWPB, are State-operated stations, with the 
Maryland Public Broadcasting Commission being the licensee. Eventually, the 
Commission will operate seven channels throughout the State. In addition to 
the facilities existing presently near Annapolis, Baltimore, Hagerstown and 
Salisbury, transmitters are planned for Cumberland, Frederick and Waldorf. 

Beside its potential range, the commercial television channel on the 
Eastern Shore has its range augmented by use of cable subscription, and the 
commercial channel operating from Hagerstown has its range expanded to reach 
the surrounding Pennsylvania and West Virginia areas as well as the Maryland 
viewers due to the many homes subscribing to cable services in that market. 

Maryland radio listeners have their choice of 50 AM stations as well as 
several Washington, D.C. outlets which reach the State's residents. In 
addition to these stations, there are 53 FM stations located in Maryland, and 



-200- 



again there are additional facilities originating from the District of 
Columbia. These FM stations cover the broad range from simultaneous pro- 
gramming with AM affiliates to partial simulcasting to independent operations. 

The communications facilities are thus well represented in the State, 
and Maryland's citizens have broad latitude and availability among the 
printed and electronic media. 



-201- 



NO. 140 
TELEVISION STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 198O 



CITY 


CALL LETTERS 


CHANNEL 


YEAR 
ESTABLISHED 


(U) 

UHF 


(V) 
OR VHF 


Annapolis 


WAPB ( * ) 


22 


1975 




U 


Baltimore 


WBAL 

WBFF 

WJZ 

WMAR 


11 

45 

13 

2 


1948 
1971 
1948 
1947 




V 

u 

V 
V 


Hagerstown 


WHAG m 

WWPB^ ' 


25 
31 


1970 
1974 




u 
u 


Owings Mills 


WMPB^ ' 


67 


1969 




u 


Salisbury 


WBOC rn 
WCPB U; 


16 
28 


1954 
1971 




u 
u 



Noncommercial . 
Source: Maryland Center for Public Broadcasting, Telecommunications Office. 



-202- 



NO. 141 



.(1). 



TELEVISION BROADCAST REVENUES, EXPENSES AND INCOME' 'BY MARKET, 
BALTIMORE AND WASHINGTON, D.C.: 1978 



ITEM 



BALTIMORE 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 



Number of Stations in Operation 

Time Sales ($) 
Networks 

National and Regional Advertising Sp 
Local Advertisers and Sponsors 

Net Broadcast Revenues (-*' 
Total Broadcast Expenses 



onsors 



Total Broadcast Income 



(1) 



57,820,504 

2,887,091 

32,328,053 

22,605,360 

48,263,282 
32,633,468 

15,629,814 



96,809,672 

3,566,693 

60,035,213 

33,207,766 

79,658,216 
58,575,125 

21,083,091 



(1) 



a> 



(3) 



Before federal taxes 



Before commissions. 



Consists of total time sales less commissions plus talent and program sales. 



Source: Federal Communications Commission, TV Broadcast Financial Data - 1978 , 
revised July 17, 1980. 



-203- 



NO. 142 

AM AND AM/FM BROADCAST REVENUES, EXPENSES AND INCOME,^ MARYLAND AND BALTIMORE 

METROPOLITAN AREA: 1978 



ITEM 



STATE 



BALTIMORE 
METROPOLITAN AREA 



No. of Stations in Operation 

No. Reporting $25,000 or more Time Sales 

Time Sales 
Networks 
National & Regional Advertisers 



(2) 



& Sponsors^ ' 
Local Advertisers & Sponsors 

(4) 



(3) 



Total Broadcast Revenues 
Total Broadcast Expenses 
Total Broadcast Income ^ 



67 


33 


64 


N/A 


51,995,119 


28,585,564 


446,556 


438,328 


11,597,563 


6,562,325 


39,951,000 


21,584,911 


45,995,435 


24,865,467 


35,423,230 


18,556,788 


10,572,205 


6,308,679 



Note: Includes AM-FM stations filing a combined report (counted as one station), 
FM stations associated with an AM station but reporting separately, and 
independent stations. 



(•!' Before federal taxes. 



(2) 



(3) 



Station with less than $25,000 time sales report only total revenues and total 
expenses. Stations wtih total time sales of $25,000 or more, however, accounted 
for 99 percent of the broadcast revenues. 

Before commissions. 

Consists of total time sales less commissions plus talent aad program sales. 



Source: Federal Communications Commission, AM-FM Broadcast Financial Data 1978 
(Dec. 10, 1979). 



-204- 



NO. 143 



AM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1980 



CITY 



CALL LETTERS 



KILOCYCLES 



ESTABLISHED 



Aberdeen 



U'AMP 



970 



1957 



Annapolis 



Baltimore 



Bel Air 

Bladensburg 

Brunswick 

Cambridge 

Chestertown 

Cumberland 

Easton 
Elkton 
Frederick 

Frostburg 
Glen Burnie 
Hagerstown 



WANN 
WNAV 
WYRE 

WAYE 
WBAL 
WBMD 
WCAO 
WEBB 
WFBR 
WITH 
WSID 
WWIN 

WVOB 

WPGC 

WTRI 

WCEM 

WCTR 

WCMD 
WTBO 
WCBC 

WEMD 

WSER 

WFMD 
WZYQ 

WFRB 

WJRO 

WARK 
WJEJ 



1190 

1430 

810 

860 
1090 
750 
600 
1360 
1300 
1230 
1010 
1400 

1520 

1580 

1520 

1240 

1530 

1230 
1450 
1270 

1460 

1550 

930 
1370 

560 

1590 

1490 
1240 



1947 
1949 
1946 

1955 
1925 
1947 
1922 
1955 
1922 
1941 
1947 
1948 

1963 

1954 

1966 

1947 

1963 

1948 
1928 
1953 

1960 

1963 

1936 
1960 

1958 

1963 

1947 
1932 



(continued on following page) 



-205- 



NO. 143 
AM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1980 (Cont'd) 



CITY 



CALL LETTERS 


KILOCYCLES 


WHAG 


1410 


WASA 


1330 


WSMD 


1560 


WLMD 


900 


WKIK 


1370 


WPTX 


920 


WMSG 


1050 


WCBM 


680 


WETT 


1590 


WDMV 


540 


WCTN 


950 


WINX 


1600 


WGMS 


570 


WBOC 


960 


WICO 


1320 


WJDY 


1470 


WGAY 


1050 


WTHU 


1450 


WTOW 


1570 


WTTR 


1470 


WDON 


1540 



ESTABLISHED 



Halfway 

Havre De Grace 

La Plata 

Laurel 

Leonard town 

Lexington Park 

Oakland 

Owings Mills 

Ocean City 

Pocomoke City 

Potomac - Cabin John 

Rockville 

Salisbury 

Silver Spring 

Thurmont 

Towson 

Westminster 

Wheaton 



1962 

1948 

1965 

1965 

1953 

1953 

1963 

1924 

1960 

1955 

1965 

1951 
1946 

1940 
1957 
1958 

1945 

1967 

1955 
1953 
1954 



Source: Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc., Spot Radio , June 1, 1980, 



-206- 



NO. 144 
FM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1980 



CITY 



CALL LETTERS 


MEGACYCLES 


ESTABLISHED 


WFSI 


107.9 


1960 


WNAV 


99.1 


1948 


WRBS 


95.1 


1964 


WACC (1 ^ 


89.9 


1976 


WIYY 


97.9 


1958 


WBJCC 1 ) 


91.5 


1951 


WXYV 


102.7 


1947 


WBSB 


104.3 


1980 


WLPL 


92.3 


1960 


WMAR 


106.5 


1960 


woe 


93.1 


1950 


WJHU 


88.1 


1979 


WEAA(l) 


88.9 


1977 



Annapolis 

Arbutus 

Arnold 

Baltimore 



Bel Air 
Bethesda 

Bladensburg 
Braddock Heights 
Cambridge 
Catonsville 
College Park 
Cumberland 

Easton 

Elkton 

Emmitsburg 

Federalsburg 

Frederick 



WHFC ( ' 1 ' > 

WHFS 
WJMD 

WPGC 

WZYQ 

WESP 

WKTK 

WMUCC 1 ) 

WJSE 
WKGO 

WEMD 

WOEL 

WMTB 

WCTD 



(1) 



WFRE 
WZYQ 



88.1 

102.3 
94.7 

95.5 
103.9 
106.3 
105.7 

88.1 

102.9 
106.1 

96.7 

88.3 

92.1 

107.1 

99.9 
103.9 



1972 

1961 

1949 

1957 
1972 
1968 
1963 

1979 

1978 
1962 

1975 

1979 

1977 



1959 
1975 



(continued on following page) 



-207- 



NO. 144 
FM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1980 (cont'd.) 



CITY 



CALL LETTERS 



MEGACYCLES 


ESTABLISHED 


105.3 


1965 


95.9 


1965 


103.1 


1978 


106.9 


1957 


104.7 


1946 


96.7 


1965 


103.7 


1959 


104.1 


1965 


98.5 


1976 


92.1 


1966 


99.9 


1978 


92.7 


1973 


102.5 


1976 


104.7 


1965 


94.3 


1969 


99.5 


1959 


88.1 


1974 


91.9 


1957 


89.7 


1976 


101.9 


1970 



Frostburg 
Glen Burnie 
Grasonville 
Hagerstown 

Halfway 

Havre De Grace 

La Plata 

Lexington Park 

Oakland 

Ocean City 

Prince Frederick 

Princess Anne 

Salisbury 

Silver Spring 
Sparrows Point 
Takoma Park 
Towson 

Westminster 
Williamsport 

Worton 



WFRB 

WBKZ 

WAQA 

WWCS 
WWMD 

WQCM 

WHDG 

WXTR 

WMDM 

WXIE 

WKHI 

WMJS 

WOLC 

WBOC 
WTCO 

WGAY 

WSPH 

WGTS 

WCVT 
WLIF 

WTTR 

WCRH 
WYII 

WKHS 



(1) 
(1) 

(1) 
(1) 



100.7 

90.5 
95.9 

90.5 



1959 

1976 
1972 

1974 



(1) 



Noncommercial . 



Source: Unpublished data provided by The Maryland Center for Public Broadcasting, 
Telecommunications Office. 



-208- 



NO. 145 
DAILY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND: 1980 



PLACE OF 
PUBLICATION 



DAILY NEWSPAPERS 



NAME OF PAPER 



ESTABLISHED 



TIME OF ISSUE 



Washington, 

Washington, 

Annapolis 

Baltimore 

Baltimore 

Baltimore 

Baltimore 

Cambridge 

Cumberland 

Cumberland 

Easton 

Frederick 

Frederick 

Hagerstown 

Hagerstown 

Salisbury 



D.C, 
D.C, 



The Washington Post 

The Washington Star News 

The Evening Capital 

The Baltimore News American 

The Sun 

The Evening Sun 

The Daily Record 

The Daily Banner 

The Cumberland Daily News 

The Cumberland Evening Times 

The Easton Star-Democrat 

The Frederick Post 

The News 

The Daily Mail 

The Morning Herald 

The Salisbury Daily Times 



1877 


Daily & Sun. 


1852 


Daily & Sun. 


1884 


Evening 


1773 


Evening & Sun. 


1837 


Morning & Sun. 


1910 


Evening 


1888 


Morning,^ 
Evening 


1897 


1870 


Morning 


1869 


Evening. x) 
Morning 


1799 


1910 


Morning 


1883 


Evening 


1828 


Evening 


1873 


Morning , 


1923 


Evening & Sun. 



(1) 



NO. 146 

WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND: 1980 









WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS 






PLACE OF 












PUBLICATION 


COUNTY 


NAME OF PAPER 


ESTABLISHED 


DAY OF ISSUE 


Aberdeen 


Harford 


The Harford Democrat 




1856 


Wednesday 


Annapolis 


Anne Arundel 


Anne Arundel Times 




1951 


Thursday 


Arbutus 


Baltimore 


The Arbutus Times 




1956 


Wednesday 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Afro-American 




1892 


Tues. & Fri. 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Catholic Review 




1913 


Friday 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Jewish Times 




1919 


Friday 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Labor Herald 




1936 


Friday 


Bel Air 


Harford 


The Aegis 




1856 


Thursday 


Bowie 


Prince George's 


The Bowie Blade 




1967 


Thursday 


Bowie 


Prince George's 


The Bowie News 




1962 


Wednesday 


Brunswick 


Frederick 


Brunswick Citizen 




1973 


Thursday 


Cambridge 


Dorchester 


The Dorchester News 




1923 


Wednesday 


Catonsville 


Baltimore 


Times 




1881 


Thursday 


Centreville 


Queen Anne' s 


Queen Anne's Record- 












Observer 




1824 


Wednesday 


Centreville 


Queen Anne's 


The Queen Anne's Journal 


1977 


Wednesday 


Chester town 


Kent 


The Kent County News 




1793 


Wednesday 


Chevy Chase 


Montgomery 


Montgomery Journal 




1973 


Thursday 



(1)no Saturday or Sunday. 



(continued on next page) 



-209- 



NO. 146 
DAILY AND WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND : 1980 (Cont'd.) 











WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS 




PLACE OF 












PUBLICATION 


COUNTY 


NAME OF PAPER 


ESTABLISHED 


DAY OF ISSUE' 


College Park 


Prince George's 


Prince George's Journal 


1976 


Wed. & Friday 


Columbia 


Howard 


Columbia Flier 


1968 


Thursday 


Columbia 


Howard 


Columbia Times 


1967 


Wednesday 


Crisfield 


Somerset 


The 


Crisfield Times 


1888 


Friday 


Damascus 


Montgomery 


The 


Courier 


1962 


Wednesday 


Denton 


Caroline 


The 


County Record 


1952 


Wednesday 


Denton 


Caroline 


The 


Journal 


1975 


Wednesday 


Dundalk 


Baltimore 


The 


Eagle 


1969 


Thursday 


Elkton 


Cecil 


The 


Cecil Democrat 


1840 


Wednesday 


Elkton 


Cecil 


The 


Cecil Whig 


1841 


Wednesday 


Ellicott City 


Howard 


The 


Howard County Times 


1840 


Wednesday 


Ellicott City 


Howard 


The 


Howard County News 


1963 


Thursday 


Essex 


Baltimore 


The 


Times 


1962 


Thursday 


Federalsburg 


Caroline 


The 


Federalsburg Times 


1929 


Wednesday 


Frostburg 


Allegany 


The 


Allegany Citizen 


1948 


Thursday 


Frostburg 


Allegany 


The 


Guardian 


1965 


Thursday 


Gaithersburg 


Montgomery 


The 


Gazette 


1960 


Thursday 


Glen Burnie 


Anne Arundel 


The 


Maryland Gazette 


1727 


Mon. & Thurs. 


Green Belt 


Prince George's 


Greenbelt News Review 


1937 


Thursday 


Hancock 


Washington 


The 


Hancock News 


1914 


Wednesday 


Havre de Grace 


Harford 


Havre de Grace Record 


1868 


Wednesday 


Hyattsville 


Prince George's 


Prince George's Sentinel 


1967 


Wednesday 


Hyattsville 


Prince George's 


Prince George's Post 


1932 


Thursday 


La Plata 


Charles 


The 


Times-Crescent 


1844 


Wednesday 


Laurel 


Prince George's 


The 


Laurel Sentinel 


1968 


Wednesday 


Laurel 


Prince George's 


The 


News Leader 


1897 


Thursday 


Leonardtovm 


St. Mary's 


St. 


Mary's Beacon 


1839 


Wednesday 


Lexington Park 


St. Mary's 


The 


Enterprise 


1883 


Thursday 


Lexington Park 


St. Mary's 


St. 


Mary's Guardian 


1974 


Wednesday 


Middletown 


Frederick 


The 


Valley Register 


1844 


Friday 


Mt. Airy 


Carroll 


The 


Community Reporter 


1929 


Friday 


Oakland 


Garrett 


The 


Republican 


1877 


Thursday 


Ocean City 


Worcester 


Eastern Shore Times 


1925 


Thursday 


Ocean City 


Worcester 


Maryland Coast Press 


1969 


Thursday 


Olney 


Montgomery 


The 


County Courier 


1964 


Wednesday 


Pikesville 


Baltimore 


The 


Northwest Star 


1966 


Thursday 


Pocomoke City 


Worcester 


Worcester County Messenger 


1867 


Thursday 


Preston 


Caroline 


News and Bay County Farmer 


1866 


Thursday 



(Continued on following page) 



-210- 



NO. 146 
DAILY AND WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND : 1980 (Cont'd.) 











WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS 






PLACE OF 












PUBLICATION 


COUNTY 




NAME OF PAPER ESTABLISHED 


DAY OF ISSUE 


Prince Frederick 


Calvert 




Calvert Independent 


1939 


Wednesday 


Prince Frederick 


Calvert 




The Recorder 


1971 


Wednesday 


Prince Frederick 


Calvert 




Calvert Journal-Gazette 


1863 


Thursday 


Princess Anne 


Somerset 




Marylander and Herald 


1828 


Thursday 


Randal Is town 


Baltimore 




Community Times 


1828 


Thursday 


Rockville 


Montgomery 




Montgomery County Sentinel 


1855 


Thursday 


Salisbury 


Wicomico 




Salisbury Advertiser 


1867 


Wednesday 


Severna Park 


Anne Arundel 




The Villager 


1963 


Wednesday 


Severna Park 


Anne Arundel 




Anne Arundel Observer 


1965 


Thursday 


Snow Hill 


Queen Anne' s 




Worcester County Messenger 


1869 


Thursday 


Silver Spring 


Montgomery 




Suburban Record 


1943 


Friday 


Stevensville 


Queen Anne' s 




The Bay Times 


1964 


Wednesday 


Sykesville 


Carroll 




Sykesville Herald/Record 


1913 


Wednesday 


Timonimum 


Baltimore 




The Valley Voice 


1976 


Thursday 


Thurmont 


Frederick 




Catoctin Enterprise 


1940 


Friday 


Tows on 


Baltimore 




The Jeffersonian 


1912 


Thursday 


Tows on 


Baltimore 




The Times 


1968 


Thursday 


Upper Marlboro 


Prince George 


s 


The Enquirer-Gazette 


1850 


Thursday 


Waldorf 


Charles 




The Maryland Independent 


1972 


Wednesday 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D 


.C. 


The Catholic Standard 


1951 


Thursday 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D 


.C. 


Afro- American 


1935 


Tues. & Fri. 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D 


,c. 


Jewish Week 


1965 


Thursday 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D 


c. 


The Informer 


1963 


Thursday 


Westminster 


Carroll 




Carroll County Times 


1911 


Mon.,Wed., Fri. 


Woodlawn 


Baltimore 




Suburban Times News 


1973 


Thursday 


Source: Standard Rate 


and Data Service, 


Inc. , Newspaper Rates and Dat 


a, 1980. 





-211- 



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-212- 



COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 

This section deals with the juvenile facilities, adult correctional 
facilities, State trial Courts (civial and criminal), and the Federal trial 
Court in Maryland (civil and criminal). 

The juvenile facilities in Maryland are under the jurisdiction of 
the Juvenile Services Administration, a constituent agency of the Department 
of Health and Mental Hygiene. In the twelve month period from July 1, 1978, 
through June 30, 1979, there were 44,109 juvenile Court cases reported, 
with the largest number coming from Baltimore City (14,495), followed by 
the metropolitan Counties of Prince George's (6,850), Baltimore (5,472), 
Anne Arundel (4,513), and Montgomery (2,810). The average daily population 
in fiscal 1979 of the six juvenile institutions in the State was 871. 

Adult correctional institutions in the State housed an average 
daily population of 8,073 inmates in fiscal 1979. The average annual per 
capita cost per inmate was $6,556. These statistics, of course, deal with 
the statewide correctional institutions, and local facilities are not 
included. 

As of June 30, 1979, there were 90 Circuit Court (trial) judges 
in the State which is divided into eight judicial districts for administrative 
purposes. Each County has a minimum of one jurist, and Baltimore City has 
22 trial judges. On the basis of population per judge, the range is from 
16,500 per judge in Kent County to 69,800 per judge in Charles County. 
Though these extreme ranges are severe, a more moderate range will be noted 
generally by the reader of the table. On a statewide average, the population 
per judge is 46,606 with 1,162 civil cases and 428 criminal cases representing 
the trial load. During the year from July 1, 1978 through July 30, 1979, 
81,064 civil cases were filed in Maryland trial Courts, an increase of 

-213- 



8.5 percent over fiscal year 1978, and 69,692 civil cases were disposed of 
in the same period, an 11.2 percent increase in dispositions. 

There was a 7.8 percent increase in the filing of criminal cases, 
and an 11.2 percent increase in dispositions in this area. As a consequence, 
therefore, when all cases (civil and criminal) filed in the trial Courts 
of Maryland are considered for this period, there were 119,580 cases filed, 
an increase of 8.3 percent, while there were 105,968 dispositions, representing 
an 11.3 percent increase. 

The United States District Court for the District of Maryland 
(coincident with the State boundaries) sits in Baltimore City. Relatively 
speaking, its backlog remains in good condition. As of June 30, 1979, 
there were 2,432 civil cases and 335 criminal cases pending. In absolute 
terms, 2,447 civil cases and 964 criminal cases were terminated during the 
fiscal year. 

The bankruptcy backlog did increase substantially over the same 
time frame, with 2,151 cases being commenced and 1,855 terminated. 

There were 3,439 aliens who were naturalized in the Court during 
the 1979 fiscal year. 



-214- 



NO. 148 

NUMBER OF JUDGES, POPULATION AND CASE LOAD PER JUDGE, MARYLAND 
CIRCUIT COURTS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: FISCAL YEAR 1979 





NUMBER OF 


POPULATION 


CASES FILED PER JUDGE 


CASES TERMINATED 


JURISDICTION 


JUDGES (1) 


PER JUDGE (2) 


CIVIL CRIMINAL 


PER JUDGE 
CIVIL CRIMINAL 



MARYLAND 90 

Allegan> 2 

Anne Arundel 7 

Baltimore City 22 

Baltimore 10 

Calvert 1 

Caroline 1 

Carroll 2 

Cecil 2 

Charles 1 

Dorchester 1 

Frederick 2 

Garrett 1 

Harford 3 

Howard 3 

Kent 1 

Montgomery 10 

Prince George's 12 

Queen Anne's 1 

St. Mary's 1 

Somerset 1 

Talbot 1 

Washington 2 

Wicomico 2 

Worcester 1 



46,606 



1,162 



428 



1,011 



403 



40,050 


893 


144 




737 


128 


53,257 


1,578 


297 


1 


,421 


313 


35,477 


1,500 


1,017 


1 


,166 


960 


64,470 


1,139 


426 


1 


,076 


401 


32,700 


834 


179 




834 


246 


22,800 


479 


70 




430 


56 


47,150 


886 


225 




699 


107 


28,100 


765 


182 




734 


178 


69,800 


1,442 


770 


1 


,381 


545 


31,200 


1,167 


139 


1 


,076 


148 


54,550 


1,039 


198 




983 


164 


26,700 


559 


81 




509 


81 


50,333 


973 


227 




944 


189 


41,233 


672 


198 




590 


229 


16,500 


330 


69 




311 


72 


58,610 


778< 3 > 


132 




711< 3 > 


112 


55,783 


1,377 


211 


1 


,199 


221 


23,900 


616 


137 




555 


115 


54,600 


1,021 


168 


1 


,152 


188 


20,200 


468 


94 




404 


81 


26,600 


522 


134 




439 


81 


55,300 


1,061 


342 




993 


256 


31,200 


923 


203 




931 


195 


28,600 


1,320 


252 


1 


,253 


268 



(1) 

(2) 
(3) 



Number of Judges as of June 30, 1979. 

Population estimate for July 1, 1979 issued by the Maryland Center for Health Statistics 

Juvenile causes not included since they are heard at the District Court level. 
Juvenile causes in all other counties are included in the civil category. 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts of Maryland, Statistical Abstract — 
Annual Report of the Maryland Judiciary 1978-1979 . 



-215- 



CASES FILED IN CIRCUIT 


NO. 149 
COURTS, MARYLAND: 


FISCAL YEARS 1979 and 1978 




TYPE OF CASE 1979 




1978 


PERCENT 

CHANGE J 

1979/78 1 


FILED 


TERMINATED 


FILED TERMINATED 


F 


Law 21,454 
Equity 59,610 
Total Civil Cases 81,064 
Criminal 38,516 
Total All Types 119,580 


19,703 
49,989 
69,692 
36,276 
105,968 


21,089 19,350 
53,631 43,337 
74,720 62,687 
35,729 32,512 
110,449 95,199 


1.7 1 
11.1 15 

8.5 11 

7.8 11 
8.3 11 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts of Maryland, Statistical Abstract — 
Annual Report of the Maryland Judiciary 1978-1979 . 



-216- 



NO. 150 

AVERAGE TIME INTERVALS, DISPOSITIONS OF APPEALS, MARYLAND COURT OF 

APPEALS, IN MONTHS: 1964-1978 



COURT TERM 



TOTAL 
INTERVAL 



DOCKETING TO 
ARGUMENT 



ARGUMENT TO 
DECISION 



1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 
1966 
1965 
1964 



6.3 

4.4 
4.2 
3.3 
7.0 
6.0 
6.0 
5.4 
5.5 
5.7 
7.6 
8.9 
9.4 
8.7 
7.3 



3.5 

2.7 
2.6 
2.2 
5.3 
4.8 
5.0 
4.4 
4.6 
4.6 
6.5 
7.8 
8.3 
7.9 
6.1 



2.8 
1.7 
1.6 
1.1 
1.7 
1.2 
1.0 
1.0 
0.9 
1.1 
1.1 
1.1 
1.1 
0.8 
1.2 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts of Maryland, Statistical Abstract — 
Annual Report of the Maryland Judiciary 1978-1979 . 



-217- 



NO. 151 



AVERAGE DAYS FROM FILING TO DISPOSITION,* MARYLAND CIRCUIT 
COURT, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: Fiscal Year 1979 



LAW 



Allegany 


288 


Anne Arundel 


213 


Baltimore 


491 


Calvert 


229 


Caroline 


211 


Carroll 


167 


Cecil 


212 


Charles 


198 


Dorchester 


231 


Frederick 


205 


Garrett 


178 


Harford 


341 


Howard 


234 


Kent 


253 


Montgomery 


395 


Prince George's 


364 


Queen Anne ' s 


152 


St. Mary's 


297 


Somerset 


63 


Talbot 


171 


Washington 


240 


Wicomico 


293 


Worcester 


182 


Baltimore City 




SC 


490 


CC 


426 


CP 


478 



EQUITY 



233 
193 
232 
179 

167 
172 
152 
204 
104 

149 
261 
207 
237 
138 

551 
204 
112 
304 
108 

154 
217 
130 
175 



862 
164 



CRIMINAL 



108 
158 
126 

146 

107 
155 
154 
116 
106 

111 
155 
220 
224 

144 

164 
187 
151 
110 
81 

98 
162 
109 
135 

167 



JUVENILE 



25 
108 
102 

84 

46 
57 
47 
81 
22 

74 

46 

82 

155 

45 

94 
72 
38 
67 
52 

43 
25 
41 
69 

57 



STATE 



371 



236 



159 



71 



* These figures differ somewhat from those printed in past reports: 

'1 ^Fiscal 1977 and Fiscal 1978 figures were computed excluding the shortest and 
lengthiest 5 percent of the cases. 



*• ^All figures in the 1978-79 Statistical Abstract were computed by using a 
simple arithmetic mean, or average, but computations had the benefit of 
two factors not available previously: 

(a) a more complete data base was used 

(b) present computer system captures case ages of more then 999 days while 
previously unusual lengthy cases were not included. 

Source: Administrative Office of the Courts of Maryland, Statistical Abstract — 
Annual Report of the Maryland Judiciary 1978-79. 



-218- 



No. 152 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR MARYLAND, CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CASES 
AND BANKRUPTCY, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND CITIZEN MATTERS: 
FISCAL YEARS 1979 AND 1978 



TOTAL CIVIL CASES (U.S. AND PRIVATE) 
Pending as of June 30 of previous year 
Commenced 
Terminated 
Pending as of June 30 of stated year 



1979 



1978 



2,191 


2,015 


2,688 


2,360 


2,447 


2,184 


2,432 


2,191 



CRIMINAL CASES 

Pending as of July 1 of previous year 

Commenced 

Terminated 

Pending as of June 30 of stated year 

Pending as of June 30 with criminal defendants 

BANKRUPTCY CASES 

Pending as of July 1 of previous year 

Commenced 

Terminated 

Pending as of June 30 of stated year 

PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION 

ALIENS NATURALIZED 



332 



373 



967 vw 


1,241 


964 


1,284 


335 


330 


474 


422 


1,943 


2,296 


2,151 


1,794 


1,855 


2,147 


2,239 


1,943 


2,782 


3,326 


3,439 


2,905 



(1) 



(1) 



Includes transfers. 



Source: Annual Report of the Director of the Administrative Office of the United 
States Courts, Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978. 



-219- 



NO. 153 

OFFENSES OF PERSONS COMMITTED TO STATE 
INSTITUTIONS: FISCAL 1979 



OFFENSES 



MALES PROCESSED 
AT RDCCC 1 ) 



FEMALES PROCESSED 
AT RDCC(l) 



TOTAL 



PERCENT 
OF TOTAL 



TOTALS 



(2) 



Arson 

Assault 

Breaking & Entering 

Contempt of Court 

Destruction of Property 

Domestic Relations 

Disorderly Conduct 

Escape 

False Pretenses 

Forgery 

Kidnapping 

Larceny 

Motor Vehicle 

Manslaughter 

Murder 1 
Murder 2 
Narcotics 

Probation Violation 
Rape 
Robbery 

Robbery with a 
Deadly Weapon 

Shoplifting 

Stolen Goods 

Sexual 

Weapons 

Other 

Unauthorized Use 



5,463 

18 
672 
595 
136 
148 
4 

10 

23 
75 

103 
16 

461 
59 
39 

57 
79 
147 
433 
116 
251 

455 

175 
97 
19 

129 
1,040 

106 



(1) 
(2) 



260 

1 

22 

5 



1 
5 
1 



18 
10 


16 

1 

6 

6 
3 
21 
33 

5 

13 



5,723 



100.0 



19 


0.3 


694 


12.1 


600 


10.5 


136 


2.4 


149 


2.6 


9 


0.2 


11 


0.2 


23 


0.4 


93 


1.6 


113 


2.0 


16 


0.3 


477 


8.3 


60 


1.0 


45 


0.8 


63 


1.1 


82 


1.4 


168 


2.9 


466 


8.1 


116 


2.0 


256 


4.5 



468 



8.2 



54 


229 


4.0 


4 


101 


1.8 


6 


25 


0.4 


5 


134 


2.3 


23 


1,063 


18.6 


1 


107 


1.9 



Reception Diagnostic Classification Center 

Total number of offenses is greater than the total number of committed persons due to 
some persons being convicted of more than one offense. 



Source: Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, Division of 
Correction, Unpublished data. 



-220- 



NO. 15A 



JURISDICTIONS FROM WHICH COMMITTED PERSONS WERE RECEIVED: 

FISCAL YEAR 1979 



(1) 





MALES PRO 


JURISDICTION 


AT RDCC 


Allegany 


22 


Anne Arundel 


150 


Baltimore City 


2,368 


Baltimore 


307 


Calvert 


37 


Caroline 


4 


Carroll 


17 


Cecil 


40 


Charles 


80 


Dorchester 


20 


Frederick 


32 


Garrett 


12 


Harford 


22 


Howard 


32 


Kent 


21 


Montgomery 


100 


Prince George's 


380 


Queen Anne's 


16 


St. Mary's 


26 


Somerset 


23 


Talbot 


15 


Washington 


38 


Wicomico 


69 


Worcester 


21 



w 



SED 



AT RDCC 



>ROCE< 



TOTAL 



2 

6 

144 

38 

6 

1 
1 
3 
6 
3 

3 

2 
2 
2 

8 
34 

1 
2 

1 
4 
8 




24 
156 

2,512 

345 

43 

5 
18 
43 
86 
23 

35 
12 
24 
34 
23 

108 

414 
16 
27 
25 

16 
42 
77 
21 



(1) 
(2) 



Note that one person may have committed offenses in two jurisdictions 
Reception Diagnostic Classification Center 



Source: Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, 
Division of Correction, Unpublished data. 



-221- 



NO. 155 

AGE GROUPS OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT INSTITUTIONS: 

FISCAL YEAR 1979 



AGE 



MALES PROCESSED 
AT RDCC UJ 



FEMALES PROCESSED 
AT RDCC 



TOTAL 



PERCENT OF 
TOTAL 



Total 

16 years and youngei 

17 years 

18 years 

19 years 

20 years 

21 years 
22-25 years 
26-30 years 
31-35 years 
36-40 years 
41-50 years 
51-60 years 

61 years and older 



3,839 
37 
119 
262 
356 
297 
325 

912 
710 
350 
193 
196 
70 
12 



257 

1 

2 

12 

14 

20 

16 

71 

62 

32 

14 

10 

1 

2 



4,096 

38 

121 

274 

370 

317 

341 

983 

772 

382 

207 

206 

71 

14 



100.0 
0.9 
3.0 
6.7 
9.0 
7.7 
8.3 
24.0 
18.8 
9.3 
5.1 
5.0 
1.7 
0.3 



(1) 



Reception Diagnostic Classification Center 



Source: Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, Division 
of Correction, unpublished data. 

NO. 156 

LENGTHS OF SENTENCES OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT 
INSTITUTIONS: FISCAL YEAR 1979 





MALES 


PROCESSED 


FEMALES 


PROCESSED 




PERCENT OF 


SENTENCE LENGTHS 


AT 


RDCC 


AT 


RDCC 


TOTAL 


TOTAL 


Total Sentences 


3 


,839. 




257 


4,096 


100.0 


3 months 




63 




1 


64 


1.6 


4-6 months 




380 




35 


415 


10.1 


7 months - 1 year 




497 




44 


541 


13.2 


13-18 months 




392 




53 


445 


10.9 


19 months - 2 years 




277 




22 


299 


7.3 


25 months — 3 years 




533 




27 


560 


13.7 


37 months - 5 years 




670 




37 


657 


16.0 


61 months - 8 years 




379 




17 


396 


9.7 


97 months - 10 years 




264 




11 


275 


6.7 


121 months - 15 years 




170 




2 


172 


4.2 


More than 15 years 




205 




2 


207 


5.1 


Life 




59 




6 


65 


1.6 


Indefinite 















0.0 



Source: Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, Division of 
Correction, Unpublished data. 



-222- 



NO. 157 

DISPOSITION OF ALL JUVENILE COURT CASES,* BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 
FISCAL YEARS 1979, 1977 and 1975 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



1979 



1977 



1975 



MARYLAND 



44,109 



50,702 



57,162 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



476 

4,513 

14,495 

5,472 

478 



437 

5,035 

18,859 

5,024 

377 



560 

5,296 

20,690 

6,838 

433 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



228 
740 
583 

1,304 
233 



134 
742 
502 
953 
197 



206 
669 
472 
987 
300 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



882 
130 
1,342 
831 
154 



860 
161 
1,237 
984 
203 



800 
115 
998 
942 
210 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



2,810 

6,850 

181 

607 

120 



3,174 

8,786 

155 

623 

100 



5,253 

9,320 

129 

541 

144 



Talbot 
(.Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



242 
622 
255 
561 



224 
843 
302 
790 



254 
842 
413 
750 



i*Includes Formal, Informal, Change in Disposition and Disapproved/Closed at Intake cases. 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Juvenile Services Administration, 
Annual Report Fiscal Year 1979. 



-223- 



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-224- 



NO. 159 

AVERAGE DAILY TOTAL POPULATION AND RATED CAPACITY OF JUVENILE INSTITUTIONS, 
BY INSTITUTION: FISCAL YEARS 1979 and 1978 



INSTITUTION 



AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION 



PERCENT CHANGE RATE, 
CAPACT 



1979 



1978 



1979/78 



Boys Village 

Maryland Training School 

Montrose School 

Youth Centers 

Maryland Children's Center 

T.J.S. Waxter Center 

Noves Center 



72 
331 
267 
142 

* 

34 
25 



53 

335 

286 

141 

68 

31 

23 



39.6 


56 


0.0 


301 


6.6 


255 


0.7 


140 


* 


112* 


12.9 


40 


13.0 


30 



TOTALS 



871 



937 



- 7.0 



822 



* Terminated operations during fiscal 1979. 

Source: Maryland Dapartment of Health and Mental Hygiene, Juvenile Services 
Administration, Annual Report Fiscal Year 1979, and unpublished data, 



-225- 



NO. 160 

CAPACITY, AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION AND ANNUAL PER CAPITA COSTS OF 
ADULT CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS, BY INSTITUTION: 
FISCAL YEAR 1979 



INSTITUTION 



ACA Rated 

Maximum Bed. ,. 

Capacity 



Current 
Maximum 
Capacity 



Average 
Daily 
Population 



Annual 
Per Capita 
Costs 



Reception Diagnostic 

Classification Center 

for Males (RDCC) 261 

Maryland Penitentiary 742 

Maryland House of 

Correction 912 

Maryland Correctional 

Institution Hagerstown (MCIH) 598 

Maryland Correctional 

Training Center (MCTC) 1,407 

Maryland Correctional 

Pre-Release System (MCPRS) 1,271 

Patuxent Annex 126 

Local Jail Back-up 

Maryland Correctional 
Institution for Women (RDCC) 184 
Pre-Release Unit for Women 
(PRUW) 32 

Contract Pre-Release System 91 



TOTAL DIVISION 



5,624 



(6) 



450 
1,010 

1,631 

951 

1,689 

1,561 
126 

249 

32 
91 

7,790 



(6) 



439 
980 

1,649 

932 

1,664 

1,543 
119 
387 

223 

28 
109 

8,073 



$7,911 
6,290 

4,820 

6,189 
4,869 
6,112 

9,453 

8,607 
6,780 

6,556 



(2) 



(3: 

(4; 



(5; 



(i) 

(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 



The American Correctional Association bases its ratings on 50 square feet per inmate. 
RDCC and Penitentiary combined. 
MCIH and MCTC combined. 



(6) 



General and Federal Funds included. 

Division-wide costs include cost of Headquarters Administrative Staff Unit and Federal 
(LEAA, HEW) Grants. Division-wide costs excluding Headquarters and Federal Grants costs, 
are $6,155. 

Does not include capacity of local jail back-up. 



Source: Maryland Dept. of Public Safety and Correctional Services, Division of Correction, 
unpublished data. 



-226- 



SOCIAL SERVICES 

Programs of the various local departments of social services are 
subject to the supervision, direction and control of the Maryland Social 
Services Administration, a major agency within the Department of Human 
Resources. 

Generally speaking, the locally administered programs are public 
assistance, financial eligibility for medical assistance, child welfare 
services, and other services related to social planning. Funds for the 
various programs come from Federal, State and local sources, with percentage 
portions varying by the type of program. 

In fiscal 1979, over 443,900,000 was paid out to individuals and 
families, an increase of 2.2 percent over the preceding year. About 38 
percent of these payments were in the form of aid to families with dependent 
children. The total value of food stamp coupons sold in fiscal 1979 was 
$119,656,896, a decrease of 6.5 percent from the preceding year. 



-227- 



NO. 161 
NET EXPENDITURES FOR SOCIAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION BY FUNDING AND BY LOCAL DEPARTMENT: 





TOTAL 
EXPENDITURES 




SOURCE OF 


FUNDS 




DEPARTMENT 


FEDERAL 


STATE 


LOCAL 


OTHER 






48.48% 


45.20% 


2.82% 


3.50% 


TOTAL 


$324,559,013* 


$157,356,349 


$146,694,105 


$9,160,930 


$11,347,629 


City of Baltimore 


177,355,567 


79,492,810 


92,532,856 


1,063,202 


4,266,699 


TOTAL COUNTIES 


121,453,467 


55,345,256 


51,446,445 


8,097,728 


6,564,038 


Allegany 


3,231,241 


1,615,036 


1,315,034 


78,791 


222,380 


Anne Arundel 


14,918,211 


6,617,720 


6,704,644 


486,901 


1,108,946 


Baltimore 


15,219,021 


6,771,115 


6,640,949 


784,412 


1,022,545 


Calvert 


2,176,253 


971,705 


977,180 


33,602 


193,766 


Caroline 


1,820,319 


900,958 


787,971 


32,385 


99,005 


Carroll 


2,991,310 


1,478,930 


1,263,022 


123,326 


126,032 


Cecil 


3,211,725 


1,599,835 


1,327,258 


75,442 


209,190 


Charles 


3,550,663 


1,639,548 


1,599,880 


89,015 


222,220 


Dorchester 


2,385,988 


1,120,805 


1,077,893 


37,416 


149,874 


Frederick 


3,029,045 


1,448,593 


1,311,022 


63,885 


205,545 


Garrett 


1,258,603 


621,476 


538,118 


38,794 


60,215 


Harford 


6,048,024 


2,823,316 


2,707,117 


115,833 


401,758 


Howard 


1,671,851 


809,334 


737,625 


77,311 


47.581 


Kent 


843,784 


400,464 


324,644 


22,098 


96,578 


Montgomery 


19,046,353 


7,461,737 


6,385,305 


4,790,988 


408,323 


Prince Georee's 
Queen Anne's 


25,816,762 
1,197,661 


12,327,824 
548,069 


11,636,867 
505,249 


887,572 
32,891 


964,499 
111,452 


St. Mary's 
Somerset 


3,075,258 
1,227,715 


1,521,530 
572,894 


1,324,366 
502,473 


68,796 
32,594 


160,566 
119,754 


Talbot 


941,705 


453,607 


384,502 


21,124 


82,472 


Washington 


2,929,850 


1,318,889 


1,245,074 


91,486 


274,401 


Wicomico 


3,825,277 


1,839,121 


1,677,499 


93,072 


215,585 


Worcester 


1,036,848 


482,750 


472,753 


19,994 


61,351 


State Office 


25,749,979 


22,5ia,283 


2,714,804 





516,892 



*Excludes Food Stamps issued. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration. 



-228- 



NO. 162 

SELECTED SOCIAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION EXPENDITURES 
FISCAL YEARS 1979 and 1978 



TYPE OF CASE 



1979 



1978 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1979/78 



TOTAL 



(1) 



Aid to Families with 
Dependent Children 

Foster Care Payments 

General Public Assistance 

General Public Assistance 
to Employables 

Public Assistance- (Adults) 

Maintenance Assistance 

Food Stamp Administration 



(2) 



(3) 



$443,907,021 

168,621,743 
20,002,636 
23,988,189 

1,417,606 

401,286 

16,529,836 

7,817,922 



$434,559,240 



2.2 



159,995,312 


5.4 


19,413,233 


3.0 


23,928,516 


0.2 


1,833,452 


-22.7 


406,493 


- 1.3 


16,103,251 


2.6 


7,197,539 


8.6 



(1) 

(2) 



Includes Food Stamps issued. 
Federal Refugee Programs. 



(3) 

Includes Assistance for Aged, Blind and Disabled adults. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration. 



-229- 



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-230- 



NO. 164 

SELECTED SOCIAL SERVICES CASELOAD FOR 

MARYLAND AND BALTIMORE CITY: 
AVERAGE FOR FISCAL YEARS 1979 and 1978 



PAID CASES 



PROGRAM 



1979 



1978 



STATE 
TOTAL 



CITY OF 

BALTIMORE 



STATE 


CITY OF 


TOTAL 


BALTIMORE 


69,490 


42,576 


17,919 


13,972 


868 


588 


330 


189 



Aid to Families with 
Dependent Children 

General Public Assistance 

Emergency Assistance for 
Families with Children 

Public Assistance to Adults 



70,585 43,485 
18,714 14,861 



1,333 

319 



1,015 
170 



CASES UNDER CARE 



PROGRAM 



1979 



STATE 
TOTAL 



CITY OF 
BALTIMORE 



1978 



STATE 
TOTAL 



CITY OF 
BALTIMORE 



Aid to Families with 
Dependent Children 

General Public Assistance 

Foster Care of Children 

Public Assistance to Adults 



77,873 48,498 



30,604 


25,889 


11,000 (1) 


N/A 


2,031 


1,869 



78,203 48,507 

30,420 25,259 

8,800 (2) N/A 



1,173 



1,025 



N/A: Not Available 
(1) 



Approximate number during Fiscal Year 1979. 



(2) 



Approximate number each month. 
Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration. 



-231- 



NO. 165 

FOOD STAMP DISTRIBUTION: 
JULY 1, 1978 - JUNE 30, 1979 













HOUSEHOLDS PARTICIPATI 




TOTAL VALUE 


AMOUNT PAID 


BONUS 




JUNE 


1979 












OF FOOD 


BY PARTICIPANT 


STAMP VALUE 




PUBLIC 


N0N-PUB1 


DEPARTMENT 


COUPONS SOLD 




19.03% 


80.97% 


TOTAL 


ASSISTANCE 


ASSISTA* 


TOTAL 


$119,656,896 


$22 


,770,373 


$96,886,523 


115,685 


69,736 


45,94S 


City of Baltimore 


79,405,840 


14 


,968,950 


64,436,890 


73,590 


48,439 


25,161 


TOTAL COUNTIES 


40,251,056 


7 


,801,423 


32,449,633 


42,095 


21,297 


20,79* 


Allegany 


1,940,520 




422,115 


1,518,405 


1,970 


538 


1,432 


Anne Arundel 


4,870,651 




882,627 


3,988,024 


4,979 


2,944 


2,03. c 


Baltimore 


4,486,311 




730,861 


3,755,450 


4,815 


2,597 


2,21* 


Calvert 


1,039,645 




207,036 


832,609 


864 


401 


46: 


Caroline 


663,8:2 




126,923 


536,899 


725 


248 


47: 


Carroll 


561,743 




101,102 


460,641 


620 


211 


40< 


Cecil 


1,214,746 




214,503 


1,000,243 


1,154 


479 


67! 


Charles 


1,531,038 




262,347 


1,268,691 


1,238 


555 


68: 


Dorchester 


797,702 




165,475 


632,227 


969 


445 


52' 


Frederick 


727,178 




145,264 


581,914 


745 


206 


53S 


Garrett 


732,504 




148,288 


584,216 


589 


167 


42: 


Harford 


2,187,194 




449,612 


1,737,582 


2,011 


1,103 


90* 


Howard 


559,911 




106,825 


453,086 


676 


176 


50( 


Kent 


327,402 




54,418 


272,984 


469 


153 


3 id 


Montgomery 


3,867,196 




789,390 


3,077,806 


4,364 


2,946 


1,41* 


Prince George's 


9,200,474 


1 


,894,086 


7,306,388 


9,775 


6,114 


3,66! 


Queen Anne's 


436,349 




64,522 


371,827 


443 


192 


251 


St. Mary's 


1,114,284 




238,049 


876,235 


956 


414 


54: 


Somerset 


605,126 




97,583 


507,543 


716 


131 


58i 


Talbot 


243,727 




48,400 


195,327 


318 


140 


17* 


Washington 


1,256,511 




297,844 


958,667 


1,343 


307 


1,03* 


Wicomico 


1,585,195 




301,421 


1,283,774 


1,951 


703 


1,24* 


Worcester 


301,827 




52,732 


249,095 


405 


127 


27* 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration. 



-232- 



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-233- 



ENERGY 

As the days of cheap and apparently plentiful energy came to a 
rather abrupt end recently, public awareness of the problems rose dramatically. 

Demand for natural gas energy grew by over 7.5 percent from 
1970 to 1979 in terms of the number of customers. However, revenues rose by 
more than 196 percent over the same period. But, in recent years the demand 
is really not shown in the traditional way as various moratoria imposed by 
the utility companies have forbidden or restricted new gas hookups at times. 

Total commercial and industrial electric sales rose by more than 67 
percent from 1969 to 1979. Sales in 1979 increased by nearly 5 percent over 
the preceding year, and were 8 percent higher than 1977 sales. Virtually 
all of the installed generating capacity in Maryland is privately owned. 

Much of the public interest has been devoted to the motor vehicle 
gasoline situation. According to a current survey by the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics, average prices for gasoline sold in the Baltimore Metro- 
politan Area increased from June 1978 to September 1980 as follows: regular 
grade — 60.4 cents to $1,215 cents; unleaded grade — 66.0 cents to $1-265 cents; 
and premium grade — 68.6 cents to $1,302 cents. Prices in this area were higher 
than national averages. 

The telephone continues to play an increasingly dominant role in 
communication. There are more than 1,830,000 accounts with almost 3.5 million 
telephones in the State. Continued expansion is promised with the growing 
usage of the telephone for data processing and consumer services. 



-234- 



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-235- 



NO. 168 

GAS UTILITY INDUSTRY, CUSTOMERS AND REVENUES, MARYLAND: 

1970-1979 





CUSTOMERS (1 


,000) (1) 






REVENUES 


($1,000,000) 


(2) 


YEAR & 


















PERCENT 


TOTAL ^ 


RESI- 


COMMER- 


INDUS- 


TOTAL ^ 


RESI- 


COMMER- 


INDUS- 


CHANGE 


DENTIAL 


CIAL 


TRIAL 


DENTIAL 


CIAL 


TRIAL 


1979 


768 


71.4 


48 


5 


486 


263 


76 


144 


1978 


768 


714 


48 


5 


446 


258 


70 


118 


1977 


771 


717 


49 


5 


382 


224 


61 


94 


1976 


773 


719 


48 


5 


326 


190 


57 


73 


1975 


775 


720 


49 


5 


273 


162 


46 


60 


1974 


770 


715 


49 


5 


231 


133 


38 


56 


1973 


760 


706 


48 


6 


206 


122 


29 


52 


1972 


744 


690 


47 


5 


205 


123 


28 


51 


1971 


726 


674 


46 


5 


180 


112 


24 


42 


1970 


713 


662 


45 


5 


164 


105 


22 


35 


Percent 


















Change 


















1979/78 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


9.0 


1.9 


8.6 


22.0 


1979/70 


7.7 


7.9 


6.7 


0.0 


196.3 


150.5 


245.5 


311.4 



*■ 'Annual Averages. 

' 'Excludes sales for resale. 

^ Includes '"Other" service, not shown separately. 

Source: American Gas Association, Gas Facts , 1975-1979 data. 
of the Gas Utility Industry 1966-1975 . 



Historical Statistics 



-236- 



NO. 169 

NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION IN THE 
UNITED STATES, SOUTH ATLANTIC REGION, MARYLAND AND 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: 1979, 1978 AND 1977 



1979 1978 1977 PERCENT CHANGES 

1979/78 1979/78 

QUANTITY 

(Mil. Cu. Ft.) 

United States 20,427,295 19,627,478 19,520,581 4.1 4.6 

South . . 

Stlantic ( } 1,515,912 1,264,482 1,215,301 19.9 24.7 

MARYLAND and 

District of 201,626 161,695 158,838 24.7 26.9 
Columbia 
V ALUE 

($1,000) 

United States 45,330,484 36,377,499 32,449,998 24.6 39.7 

South .. 

Atlantic (U 3,577,851 2,721,395 2,394,326 31.5 49.4 

MARYLAND and 

District of 619,657 497,943 443,179 24.4 39.8 

Columbia 

Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland and D.C., North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia 
and West Virginia. 

Source: Department of Energy, Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Natural Gas Annual 
for years shown. 



-237- 



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NO. 171 

COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC SALES IN MARYLAND: 

1969-1979 



TOTAL COMMERCIAL 

AND INDUSTRIAL 

SALES (MILLION K.WHR) 



COMMERCIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



INDUSTRIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



1979 
1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 



21,870 
20,845 
20,252 
19,359 
17,238 
17,399 
18,041 
16,598 
15,803 
14,551 
13,061 



7,789 
7,693 
7,439 
7,407 
7,168 
6,777 
7,033 
6,424 
5,930 
5,570 
5,107 



14,081 

13,152 

12,813 

11,952 

10,070 

10,622 

11,008 

10,174 

9,873 

8,981 

7,954 



1979/69 



4.9 
67.4 



1.2 
52.5 



7.1 

77.0 



Source: Edison Electric Institute. 



-239- 



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-240- 



NO. 173 

GROSS GALLONS OF MOTOR GASOLINE SOLD,* 
MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES: 
1972-1979 



YEAR 



MARYLAND 



(1,000) 



PERCENT 
CHANGE OVER 
PRECEDING 
YEAR 



UNITED STATES 



(1,000) 



PERCENT 
CHANGE OVER 
PRECEDING 
YEAR 



1979 
1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 



1,951,371 
2,042,644 
1,975,265 
1,914,355 
1,844,873 
1,789,440 
1,873,384 
1,796,502 



-4.5 
3.4 
3.2 
3.8 
3.1 

-4.5 
4.3 



112,781,204 
116,998,310 
112,980,215 
109,655,206 
104,271,488 
101,855,749 
105,759,344 
101,476,934 



-3.6 
3.6 
3.0 
5.2 
2.4 

-3.7 
4.2 



*State taxation reports at the wholesale level are the basis of the data. 

Source: U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Monthly Motor 
Gasoline Reported by States, MF-33G series. 



-241- 



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THE PORT OF BALTIMORE 

The Port of Baltimore ranks as the sixth largest foreign trade 
port in the United States. In 1979, 38,529,000 short tons of cargo valuing 
over $12.8 billion were handled. Exports show an increase over 1978 of 
26.9 percent in tonnage and 15.6 percent in value; imports increased by 

6.0 percent in tonnage and 8.5 percent in value. 

Although the export tonnage represents only 47 percent of the total 
tonnage, its value is nearly 58 percent of the total value. This fact is 
due to the more sophisticated nature of the manufactured devices primarily 
in export as opposed to the bulk commodities and raw materials being imported. 

In terms of import tonnage, the principal countries of lading on 
foreign commerce are Canada, Algeria, Venezuela and Brazil, but in value, 
Japan, West Germany, the United Kingdom and France lead, in that order. 
Broken into trade areas, Europe has a lead in value and tonnage of exports, 
and is our principal trader. 

The use of containerization has grown markedly and continues to 
contribute substantially to Baltimore's tonnage figures which increased from 

4.1 million tons in 1978 to 4.4 million tons in 1979 (7.2 percent). At 
Dundalk Marine Terminal, the largest facility in the Port, container cargo 
increased .7 percent in 1979 to nearly 3 million tons. Container tonnage 
at North Locust Point Marine Terminal increased 1.9 percent and at South 
Locust Point Marine Terminal container cargo movements were up by over 1,000 
percent. 



-244- 



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-245- 



NO. 177 

IMPORT TRADE OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES 

AND BY TRADE AREAS: 1979 






COUNTRY OF ORIGIN 
IN ORDER OF TONNAGE 



SHORT TONS 



COUNTRY OF ORIGIN 
IN ORDER OF VALUE 



VALUE 



Canada 


6,058,315 


Japan 




$1, 


094,712,991 


Algeria 


3,425,420 


West Germany 




864,689,24' 


Venezuela 


3,004,392 


United Kingdom 




370,749,671 


Brazil 


949,150 


France 






297,985,98 


Liberia 


651,662 


Italy 






247,033,50 


Mexico 


627,202 


Venezuela 






200,902,82' 


Netherlands Antilles 


509,167 


Canada 






191,187,33 


Japan 


492,104 


Brazil 






190,108,28 


West Germany 


433,050 


Sweden 






161,550,171 


Australia 


387,853 


Norway 






123,372,27! 


Bahamas 


332,753 


Republic of 


China-Taiwan 




105,055,08. 


Republic of South Africa 


293,146 


Spain 






103,209,15 


France 


278,970 


Algeria 






102,227,54. 


Italy 


258,694 


Republic of 


South Africa 




80,060,10' 


Colombia 


230,926 


Belgium and 


Luxembourg 




78,584,82: 


Spain 


192,377 


Finland 






67,013,19' 


Philippines 


151,849 


Netherlands 


Antilles 




56,533,44- 


United Kingdom 


133,851 


Dominican Republic 




53,162,26 


Chile 


129,795 


Australia 






52,783,89 


Guyana 


113,041 


Philipines 






51,978,55' 


Trinidad and Tobago 


104,206 


Republic of 


Korea 




51,281,91 


Honduras 


101,191 


Hong Kong 






46,851,98 


Finland 


93,420 


Netherlands 






46,426,09 


Dominican Republic 


89,699 


French Pacif 


ic Islands 




34,601,44 


Argentina 


84,631 


Liberia 






34,504,30; 


Iran 


79,032 


Russia 






33,575,93 


Costa Rica 


78,834 


Denmark 






29,850,44^ 


Peru 


78,350 


Poland 






28,346,65 


Netherlands 


75,856 


Colombia 






27,533,23 


Sweden 


63,892 


Peru 






26,791,22 




IMPORTS BY TRADE AREA 










SHORT TONS 






VALUE 


North America 


7,957 


,475 




$373 


,055,244 


South America 


4,688 


,126 




510 


,585,857 


Africa 


4,416 


,985 




240 


,860,942 


Europe 


1,837 


,893 




2,589 


,667,759 


Asia 


1,025 


,536 




1,509 


,550,931 


Australia and Oceania 


412 


,555 




90 


,252,874 


TOTAL 


20,338 


,570 




5,313 


,973,607 


Source; Maryland Department 


of Transportation 


, Maryland Port 


Administration, Foreign Commec 


Statistical Report, 


1979. 

-246- 











NO. 178 



EXPORT TRADE OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES 

AND BY TRADE AREAS: 1979 



COUNTRY OF UNLADING 
IN ORDER OF TONNAGE 



Japan 

Belgium and Luxembourg 

Spain 

Yugoslavia 
Russia 

United Kingdom 

West Germany 

Italy 

Portugal 

Greece 

Poland 

France 

Turkey 

Brazil 

Sweden 

Republic of China-Taiwan 

East Germany 

Egypt 

Republic of Korea 

Czechoslovakia 

Rumania 

Argentina 

Saudi Arabia 

Netherlands 

Venezuela 

Norway 

Israel 

Austria 

China 

Pakistan 



SHORT TONS 



4,332,334 

1,915,393 

1,067,372 

733,717 

724,596 

722,174 

670,489 

633,536 

572,700 

519,735 

499,437 

466,250 

433,637 

376,499 

336,815 

334,209 

319,983 

303,445 

298,536 

259,657 

355,898 

249,092 

226,242 

206,712 

121,023 

104,789 

92,087 

89,710 

81,735 

78,190 



COUNTRY OF UNLADING 
IN ORDER OF VALUE 



VALUE 



Saudi Arabia 
West Germany 
Belgium and Luxembourg 
Japan 

United Kingdom 
France 
Netherlands 
Italy 
Spain 
Brazil 

Republic of South Africa 
Republic of China-Taiwan 
Republic of Korea 
Russia 
Colombia 
Argentina 
Venezuala 
Sweden 
Switzerland 
Hong Kong 
Yugoslavia 
Israel 
Kuwait 
Portugal 
Philippines 
Poland 
Egypt 
Greece 
Iran 
United Arab Emirates 



$684,455,726 
668,554,865 
476,824,632 
458,258,448 
412,099,605 
334,957,776 
281,966,927 
260,060,590 
236,698,617 
211,143,225 
175,190,882 
162,702,870 
158,570,188 
151,753,427 
142,926,348 
140,813,324 
132,859,595 
130,885,792 
128,306,635 
113,579,818 
102,916,364 
92,652,363 

90,746,452 
82,110,478 
81,980,195 
81,285,826 
80,187,754 
75,520,540 
74,954,260 
71,577,037 



EXPORTS BY TRADE AREA 



SHORT TONS 



VALUE 



Europe 10,730,848 

da 5,830 "27 

mth America 90« y -^84 

Africa 544,456 

North America 125,82" 

Australia and Oceania 27,86i 

Unidentified Trade Areas 22,242 

TOTAL 18,189,946 



$3,743,484,305 

2,379,503,201 

751,552,659 

450,472,731 

47,873,212 

75,932,063 

114,831 

7,445,933,002 



iource: Maryland Department of Transportation, Maryland Port Administration, Foreign 
Commerce Statistical Report, 1979 . 



-247- 



NO. 179 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, IMPORT TONNAGE: 1979, 1978, 1977 

( IN THOUSANDS OF SHORT TONS ) 



PORT 



1979 



1978 



1977 PERCENT CHANGES 

1979/1978 1979/1977 



UNITED STATES 

New York, N.Y. 
Houston, Tex. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Corpus Christi, Tex. 
New Orleans, La. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
BALTIMORE, MD. 
Marcus Hook, Pa. 
Pan I sboro, N.J. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
Mobile, Ala. 
Long Beach, Cal. 
Boston, Mass. 
Savannah, Ga. 
Norfolk, Va. 



603,829 

53,423 

41,875 

33,221 

26,565 

24,896 

20,368 

20,339 

14,819 

12,124 

10,711 

10,003 

9,468 

7,356 

6,364 

6,125 



601,653 

60,819 

42,440 

31,329 

26,067 

21,100 

20,839 

19,185 

15,348 

12,271 

12,671 

18,261 

9,287 

7,505 

5,191 

6,106 



626,264 



0.4 



3.6 



64,996 


-12.2 


-17.8 


35,514 


- 1.3 


17.9 


32,182 


6.0 


3.2 


27,318 


1.9 


- 2.8 


24,123 


18.0 


3.2 


29,942 


- 2.3 


-32.0 


16,369 . 


6.0 


24.3 


14,960 


- 3.4 


- 0.9 


12,828 


- 1.2 


- 5.5 


13,662 


-15.5 


-21.6 


12,023 


-45.2 


-16.8 


17,544 


1.9 


-46.0 


7,548 


- 2.0 


- 2.5 


4,243 


22.6 


50.0 


6,394 


0.3 


- 4.2 



NO. 180 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, IMPORT VALUE: 1979, 1978, and 1977 

( IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS ) 



PORT 



1970 



1978 



1977 


PERCENT 


CHANGES 




1979/1978 


1979/1977 


$105,782 


22.3 


37.4 


20,336 


8.3 


28.2 


5,274 


31.6 


71.2 


6,183 


10.3 


38.2 


4,456 


39.0 


75.9 


6,194 


24.4 


26.4 


4,802 


24.6 


26.7 


4,165 


33.2 


42.6 


3,364 


8.5 


58.0 


2,385 


21.7 


45.1 


2,489 


9.9 


33.0 


2,780 


37.4 


31.4 


1,518 


5.5 


44.4 


2,567 


17.8 


-20.0 


1,275 


25.0 


57.6 


1,327 


35.0 


41.8 



UNITED STATES 

New York, N.Y. 
Houston, Tex. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
Seattle, Wash. 
Long Beach, Cal. 
New Orleans, La. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
BALTIMORE, MD. 
Oakland, Cal. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Corpus, Christi, Tex. 
Jacksonville, Fla. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Boston, Mass. 
Marcus Hook, Pa. 



$145,349 

26,076 
9,031 
8,545 
7,838 
7,829 
6,084 
5,940 
5,314 
3,460 
3,310 
2,996 
2,192 
2,054 
2,009 
1,882 



$118 


,865 


24 


,087 


6 


,863 


7 


,747 


5 


,640 


6 


,294 


4 


,881 


4 


,458 


4 


898 


2 


842 


3 


,011 


2 


,180 


2 


078 


1 


743 


1 


607 


1 


394 



Source: Maryland Department ol Transportation, Maryland Port Administration, Foreign Commerce 
S t a tistical Report, 197Q and 1978 

-248- 



NO. 181 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, EXPORT TONNAGE: 1979, 1978, and 1977 

(IN THOUSANDS OF SHORT TONS) 



PORT 



1979 



1978 



1977 



PERCENT CHANGES 
1979/1978 1979/1977 



UNITED STATES 359,330 

Norfolk, Va. 32,823 

Houston, Tex. 23,025 

Tampa, Fla. 18,926 

New Orleans, La. 18,573 

BALTIMORE, MD. 18,190 

Baton Rouge, La. 12,901 

Portland, Ore. 10,910 

Newport News, Va. 9,264 

Long Beach, Cal. 8,513 

Tacoma, Wash. 8,245 

New York, N.Y. 6,760 

Philadelphia, Pa. 5,952 

Corpus Christi, Tex. 5,606 

Galveston, Tex. 4,594 

Los Angeles, Cal. 4,128 



301,573 

17,310 

20,050 

17,058 

17,020 

14,339 

11,375 

9,596 

5,262 

6,983 

5,762 

6,220 

4,379 

5,863 

3,776 

3,681 



275,811 



19.2 



30.3 



26,114 


89.6 


25.7 


15,527 


14.8 


48.3 


16,472 


n.o ■ 


14.9 


19,638 


9. 1 


- 5.4 


14,040 


26.9 


29.6 


8,679 


13.4 


48.6 


6,811 


13.7 


60.2 


5,662 


76.0 


63.6 


4,988 


21.9 


70.7 


4,685 


43.1 


76.0 


5,758 


8.7 


17.4 


3,430 


35.9 


73.5 


4,289 


- 4.4 


30.7 


5,923 


21.7 


-22.4 


3,165 


12.2 


30.4 



NO. 182 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, EXPORT VALUE: 1979, 1978, and 1977 

(IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS) 



PORT 



1979 



1978 



1977 



PERCENT CHANGES 
1979/1978 1979/1977 



UNITED STATES 

New York, N.Y. 
Houston, Tex. 
BALTIMORE, MD. 
New Orleans, La. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Oakland, Ca. 
Long Beach, Ca. 
Los Angeles, Ca. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Charleston, S.C. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Portland, Ore. 
Seattle, Wash. 

Savannah, Ga. 
Galveston, Tex. 



$ 99,627 


$ 79,055 


13,817 


11,877 


9,519 


7,222 


7,449 


6,445 


6,426 


5,127 


6,212 


4,540 


4,165 


3,135 


3,253 


2,173 


2,788 


2,221 


2,455 


1,685 


2,280 


1,917 


2,156 


1,595 


1,727 


1,298 


1,627 


1,397 


1,472 


1,011 


1,443 


1,125 



$ 67,057 

10,933 

5,619 

5,092 

5,018 

4,277 

2,520 

1,888 

1,853 

1,443 

1,415 

1,431 

857 

925 

875 

1,292 



26.0 



48.6 



16.3 


26.4 


31.8 


69.4 


15.6 


46.3 


25.3 


28.1 


36,8 


45.2 


32.9 


65.3 


49.7 


72.3 


25.5 


50.5 


45.7 


70.1 


18.9 


61.1 


35.2 


50.7 


31.1 


101.5 


16.5 


75.9 


45.6 


68.2 


28.3 


11.7 



Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, Maryland Port Administration, Foreign 

Commerce Statistical Report, 1979 and 1 978. 

-249- 



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-251- 



NO. 185 

WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE PRINCIPAL WATERWAYS IN MARYLAND, 
IN SHORT TONS: 1978 and 1973 



WATERWAY 



1978 



1973 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1978/1973 



Total Principal Waterways 

Baltimore Harbor and Channels 

Total Other Principal Waterways 

Chester River, Maryland 
Tred Avon River, Maryland 
Choptank River, Maryland 
Cambridge Harbor, Maryland 
Nanticoke River, Delaware 

and Maryland 
Wicomico River, Maryland 

(Eastern Shore) 
Crisfield Harbor, Maryland 
Pocomoke River, Maryland 
Chincoteague Bay, Maryland 

and Virginia 
On the Coast of Virginia 

from Chesapeake Bay to 

Chincoteague Bay, Virginia 



48,999,948 


56 


,468,805 


-13.2 


46,809,090 


53 


,786,715 


-13.0 


2,190,858 


2 


,682,090 


-18.3 


77,353 




68,243 


13.3 


94,000 




161,284 


-41.7 


191,171 




367,421 


-48.0 


82,875 




148,954 


-44.4 


472,929 




795,165 


-40.5 



947,885 

8,697 

250,999 

30,481 

34,468 



843,888 



42,188 



12.3 



8,838 


- 1.6 


244,770 


2.5 


1,339 


2,176.4 



-18.3 



Source: U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterbor ne Commerce of the 
United States: Part 



I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic Coast, 1978 and 1973, 



-252- 



NO. 186 

WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE BALTIMORE HARBOR AND CHANNELS,^ 

IN SHORT TONS: 1969-1978 



YEAR TONNAGE PASSENGERS 

1978 46,809,090 178,147 

1977 44,756,359 163,134 

1976 52,437,192 169,946 

1975 52,661,448 156,882 

1974 59,891,068 176,944 

1973 53,786,715 182,579 

1972 45,798,776 128,410 

1971 44,002,785 98,347 

1970 51,084,394 175,753 

1969 43,917,369 203,365 



(1) 

Section included is the mouth of the Patapsco River to Baltimore, Md. 

Source: U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce 
of the United States: Part I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic 
Coast, 1978. 



-253- 



AIR TRAVEL 

Baltimore-Washington International Airport serves as the major 
commercial air facility in the State. This operation is owned by the State 
of Maryland, and it is operated by the Maryland Department of Transportation. 

During 1979, over 3.7 million passengers were handled on more 
than 220,200 air traffic operations. Freight traffic totalled more than 
134.8 million pounds, and a significant volume of mail was unloaded at the 
facility. Total freight operations were down by over 9 percent from 1978 to 
1979, while total mail operations decreased by 12 percent. 

The construction of a train station along the Amtrak mainline 
just one and one-half miles from BWI has been completed, with the station 
now being used for boarding and disembarking passengers to and from Baltimore, 
Washington and other points in the corridor. 

In addition to BWI, a listing of airports and heliports in Maryland 
shows 39 other facilities, spread out among 22 of the State's 24 political 
subdivisions. Scheduled operations serve several of these locations. 



-254- 



. : 
BALT1" INTERNATIONAL MRPORT OPERATIONS: 1979 AND 19/8 









PERCENT 
CHANCE 


YPE OF OPERATION 


1979 


1978 


1979/78 


il Commercial Passengers 


3,771,219 


3,557, 139 


6.0 


' Deplaning 


1,865,764 


1 ,753,084 


6.4 


\ Enplaning 


1,832,983 


1 ,710,188 


7.2 


Chartered 


72,472 


93,867 


-22.8 


!otal Mail (Lbs.) 


35,453,261 


40,381 ,604 


-12.2 


Deplaning 


18,147,945 


19,897,462 


-8.8 


' Enplaning 


17,305,316 


20,484,142 


-15.5 


"otal Freight (Lbs.) 


134,814,321 


148,638,100 


-9.3 


Deplaning 


83,264,294 


100,483,049 


-17.1 


1 Enplaning 


51,550,027 


48,155,051 


7.1 


'otal Air Traffic Operations 


220,227 


222,108 


-0.8 


Itinerant' 1 ) 


206,669 


207,975 


-0.6 


Commercial Carrier 


116,809 


118,585 


-1.5 


General Aviation 


88,243 


87,276 


1.1 


Armed Forces 


1,617 


2,114 


-23.5 


Local( 2 ) 


13,558 


14,133 


-4.1 


Armed Forces 


1,926 


2,292 


-16.0 


General Aviation(3) 


11,632 


11,841 


-1.8 



'With origin or destination beyond the local tower. 

'Remaining under control of the local tower. 

r^Includes airline personnel familiarization operations. 

burce: Maryland Department of Transportation, State Aviation Administration, Comparative 
Summary of Activity for Calendar Year 1979. 



-255- 



NO. 188 

COMMERCIAL AIRPORTS AND HELIPORTS IN THE STATE OF MARYLAND, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



AIRPORTS AND HELIPORTS 



Allegany 


Cumberland Municipal, Mexico Farms 


Anne Arundel 


Deep Creek, Baltimore-Washington Int'nl. 




Lee (Annapolis) 


Baltimore City 


Pier 4 


Baltimore 


Baltimore Airpark, Essex Skypark , 




Glen L. Martin 


Caroline 


Ridge ly-Pelican 


Carroll 


Clearview, Carroll County 


Cecil 


Cecil County 


Charles 


Aqualand/Clif ton Skypark, Maryland 


Dorchester 


Cambridge-Dorchester Municipal 


Frederick 


Frederick Municipal 


Garrett 


Garrett County 


Harford 


Aldino-Churchville , Conowingo, Fallston, 




Forest Hill Industrial 


Kent 


Gill 


Montgomery 


Davis, Montgomery County 


Prince George's 


College Park, Freeway, Hyde Field, 




Prince George's County Airpark, Suburban 


Queen Anne' s 


Bay Bridge Industrial, Kentmorr 


St. Mary's 


Park Hall, St. Mary's County Airport 



Crisf ie Id-Somerset 

Easton 

Hagerstown Regional 

Bennett, Salisbury-Wicomico County 

Ocean City Municipal 



Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, State Aviation Administration, Maryland 
Airport Directory 1979. 

-256- 



MOTOR VEHICLES 

Motor vehicles play a major role in the Maryland economy. In addition to 
traffic volume and highway utilization rates, the manufacture, distribution, 
maintenance and commercial use of motor vehicles in the State represent a major 
economic force. Employment in the motor vehicle industry and related indus- 
tries accounts for 17.0 percent of total employment in the State. 

There were 2,930,666 motor vehicles registered in our State during the 
1980 registration year. Some 2,707,000 persons held licenses to operate vehi- 
cles as of January, 1980. 

There are 26,018 miles of highway in the State, half of which is in the 
metropolitan Baltimore and the metropolitan Washington areas. Interstate 
highways comprise more than 367 miles of these totals. Traffic recorders 
located at 41 points in the State for 1979 indicate a decrease generally in 
travel on toll facilities with the exception of the newest facility, the 
Francis Scott Key Memorial Bridge on Maryland 695. The total of all toll 
facilities showed a decrease of nearly 2 percent from 1978 to 1979; traffic 
on J.F. Kennedy Highway (1-95) was down by 3 percent and Chesapeake Bay Bridge 
traffic decreased 1.7 percent. Volume on the F. S. Key Memorial Bridge in- 
creased from 6 million vehicles to more than 7.4 million (23 percent). 

Motor vehicles user taxes, licenses, fines and costs amounted to over 
$431,000,000 in fiscal 1979, up by nearly $59,000,000 from the fiscal 1977 
figure. The 1979 amount represents 11 percent of the total State revenues 
for the fiscal year. 



-257- 



. 189 

MOTOR VEHICLE-RELATED EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND AND 
THE UNITED STATES: 1977 





TOTAL 
MOTOR VEHICLE 
RELATED 
INDUSTRIES 


MOTOR 
VEHICLE 
& PARTS 

MFRS. 

1977 


PETROLEUM 
REFINING 
AND 
WHOLESALING 
1977 


AUTOMOTIVE 

SALES & 
SERVICING 

1977 


ROAD 
CONSTRUCTION 
& MAINTENANCE 

1977 


TRUCK 
DRIVERS & 

OTHER 
EMPLOYEES 

1977 


PASSENGE 
TRANSPOR 
TION* 

1977 


U.S. 
MARYLAND 


13,956,509 
189,732 


871,368 
(D) 


279,433 
2,822 


2,693,731 
53,771 




730,200 
9,739 


9,121,500 
123,400 


260,277 
(D) 



Percent 

of U.S. 1.4 (D) 1.0 2.0 1.3 1.4 (D) 

Employment in Motor Vehicle-Related Industries as a percent of Total State Employment: 



U.S. 
MARYLAND 



21.5 
17.0 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 

* Includes some local rail and subway employees 

Source: MVMA Motor Vehicle Facts and Figures, 1980 . Compiled by the Motor Vehicle Manufac- 
turers' Association of the U.S., Inc. from U.S. Bureau of the Census and American 
Trucking Associations data. 

NO. 190 

NEW MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION AND NUMBER OF LICENSED 
DRIVERS IN MARYLAND: 1979 and 1978 



TYPE 



1979 



1978 



Passen; 


*er Cars 




170, 


706 










182 


,207 




Commercial 




40, 


645 










41 


,276 




TOTAL 






211, 


351 










223 


,483 




Number 


of Licensed Drivers 






















(as of 


January, 1980 and January 


, 1979) 


2,707, 


000 








2 


572 


000 




Source 


: Maryland Department of 


Transportation, Motor 


Vehicle 


Administration, registration 




based on data obtained 


from Dealer 


Report 


, Monthly, 


1979 


and 


1978; 


licensed 


driver 




information unpublished 




-258- 



















NO. 191 

MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION IN MARYLAND, BY TYPE AND POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1980 and 1979 







1980 (1) 






(2^ 
1979^ ; 








PLEASURE 






PLEASURE 




SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


(CLASS A) 


ALL OTHER* 


TOTAL 


(CLASS A) 


ALL OTHER* 


MARYLA' 


2,930,666 


:, .269,486 


661,180 


2,856,781 


2,220,913 


635,868 


Allegany 


58,135 


41,532 


16,603 


56,878 


40,798 


16,080 


Anne Arundel 


280,434 


212,424 


68,010 


270,098 


205,012 


65,086 


Baltimore Citv 


348,379 


276,423 


71,956 


342,187 


274,660 


67,527 


Ba ltimore 


503,077 


408,961 


94,116 


489,023 


399,409 


89,614 


Calvert 


26,774 


17,929 


8,845 


25,030 


16,857 


8,173 


Caroline 


22,551 


11,801 


10,750 


21,739 


11,371 


10,368 


Carroll 


81,028 


55,148 


25,880 


77,500 


52,902 


24,598 


Cecil 


43,127 


28,822 


14,305 


41,835 


28,228 


13,607 


Charles 


53,680 


37,447 


16,233 


51,079 


35,446 


15,633 


Dorchester 


23,528 


15,206 


8,322 


23,172 


15,013 


8,159 


Frederick 


90,443 


62,411 


28,032 


86,116 


59,654 


26,462 


Garrett 


17,958 


10,440 


7,518 


17,790 


10,483 


7,J07 


Harford 


107,857 


80,113 


27,744 


104,081 


77,754 


26,327 


Howard 


94,302 


74,666 


19,636 


89,385 


70,847 


18,538 


Kent 


13,920 


8,851 


5,069 


13,789 


8,839 


4,950 


Montgomery 


444,939 


382,635 


62,304 


438,856 


377,533 


61,323 


Prince George's 


460,754 


371,288 


89,466 


456,055 


366,939 


89,116 


Queen Anne's 


21,074 


13,163 


7,911 


20,153 


12,637 


7,516 


St. Mary's 


39,582 


26,553 


13,029 


37,443 


25,341 


12,102 


Somerset 


13,654 


8,851 


4,803 


13,454 


8,750 


4,704 


Talbot 


23,037 


15,206 


7,831 


22,329 


14,814 


7,515 


Washington 


85,668 


59,234 


26,434 


83,756 


58,366 


25,390 


Wicomico 


50,312 


33,361 


16,951 


49,435 


32,781 


16,654 


Worcester 


25,515 


16,340 


9,175 


24,627 


15,746 


8,881 



Miscellaneous 



938 



681 



257 



971 



733 



238 



*Includes Motorcycles, Moturbikes, Motor Scooters (Class D) , Trailers, including 4,026 
Permanent Trailers (Class G) , and all other Classes (Trucks) . 

(1). 



(2) 



For the period March 1, 1979 through April 30, 1980. 
For the period March 1, 1978 through April 30, 1979. 



Source: Marvland Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Administration, Segregation 
of Classifications by Political Subdivision , for periods stated. 



-259- 



NO. 192 
AVERAGE DAILY VEHICLE MILES, STATE MAINTAINED ROADS: 1979 AND 1978 



SUBDIVISION 



MARYLAND 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore 
Calvert 
Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
Somerset 
St. Mary's 
Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Toll Facilities 



1979 



53,215,202 

1,090,835 

5,029,097 

8,170,879 

504,825 

406,930 

1,125,570 
922,679 

1,232,309 
483,232 

2,382,688 

562,473 
1,720,911 
2,393,118 

333,588 
7,916,902 

9,014,638 
938,321 
541,620 
613,720 
819,318 

1,973,786 

1,073,887 

848,158 

3,115,720 



1978 



53,649,364 

1,130,360 

5,083,550 

8,349,810 

487,731 

420,501 

1,472,189 
942,380 

1,172,756 
464,195 

2,348,825 

562,444 
1,698,292 
2,416,699 

342,756 
8,317,136 

8,873,082 
891,103 
447,658 
719,495 
773,450 

1,979,417 
992,323 
815,373 

2,947,839 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1979/1978 



-0.1 



-3 


.5 


-1 


.1 


-2 


.1 


3 


.5 


-3 


.2 


23 


.5 


-2 


.1 


5 


.1 


4 


.1 


1 


.4 


* 


1 


.3 


-1 


.0 


-2 


.7 


-4 


.8 


1 


.6 


5 


3 


21 


.0 


14. 


7 


5 


.9 


-0 


.3 


8 


2 


4 


.0 



5.7 



Note: Figures may not add to total due to rounding. 
*Less than 0.1 percent. 

Source: State Highway Administration of Maryland, Bureau of Highway Statistics, 
based on data obtained from M ileage, Annual Vehic le Miles of Trav el and 
Square Yards of Surfacing , as of January 1, 1980 and January 1, 1979. 



-260- 



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AGRICULTURE 

Maryland, like most other states of the United States, and 
especially the "megalopolitan" states, has been undergoing a shift from rural 
agricultural living and employment to urban manufacturing and service 
employment. 

Accordingly, the land devoted to farming and the number of farms 
has been steadily declining. In the period from 1970 to 1980, the land in 
farms has declined from 3,080,000 acres to 2,780,000 acres, while the 
number of farms in the State has declined from 18,800 to 16,400. A natural 
corollary here has been the decline in farm workers to an annual average of 
34,000 in 1974, including family and hired workers. This trend has continued 
in recent years. The 1979 number of farm workers declined to an annual 
average of 33,000. 

The largest sources of farm income are livestock and livestock 
products, which in 1978 accounted for 65.8 percent of all agricultural 
receipts in Maryland. The dominance of this category is due primarily to 
dairy products and poultry. Cattle and calves, eggs and hogs are important, 
but they represent substantially smaller elements. In the same year, field 
crops accounted for approximately 25 percent of the receipts for all commodities 
led by corn, soy beans and tobacco. At the same time, vegetables and melons 
as well as greenhouse and nursery products were important sources of farm 
income in the State. 

Prices received by farmers have improved quite substantially in 

the period from 1971 to 1979. Using a base period of 1967 to equal 100, the 

index number for all commodities rose from 106.0 in 1971 to 210.0 in 1979. 

Likewise, the all crops index rose over the same time period from 118.0 to 

216.0, while an index based on livestock and livestock products went from 

100.0 to 207.0. 

-264- 



NO. 196 
CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, MARYLAND: 1978, 1977 and 1976 





1978 


1977 


1976 


PERCENT 


OF TOTAL 


RECEIPTS 


COMMODITY 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


1978 


1977 


1976 


ALL CROPS 


259,166 


228,728 


248,556 


33.3 


34.6 


36.9 


Corn 


68,940 


70,974 


96,250 


8.9 


10.7 


14.3 


Soybeans 


65,376 


42,936 


41,315 


8.4 


6.5 


6.1 


Tobacco 


34,133 


30,200 


22,202 


4.4 


4.6 


3.3 


Wheat 


7,712 


10,674 


12,865 


1.0 


1.6 


1.9 


Apples 


8,737 


2,443 


6,289 


1.1 


0.4 


0.9 


Tomatoes 


5,058 


5,753 


5,839 


0.7 


0.9 


0.9 


Hay 


5,690 


4,884 


4,133 


0.7 


0.7 


0.6 


Cucumbers 


3,668 


3,723 


3,942 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


Snap Beans 


3,065 


'2,939 


2,204 


0.4 


0.4 


0.3 


Sweet Corn 


3,059 


2,637 


2,640 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


Barley 


3,083 


2,775 


4,551 


0.4 


0.4 


0.7 


Peaches 


3,165 


2,800 


2,367 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


Mushrooms 


2,182 


2,030 


1,608 


0.3 


0.3 


0.2 


Sweet Potatoes 


2,159 


2,171 


2,092 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


Green Peas 


1,991 


1,760 


1,774 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


Spinach 


1,346 


1,514 


299 


0.2 


0.2 


* 


Watermelons 


843 


1,504 


1,552 


0.1 


0.2 


0.2 


Potatoes 


967 


980 


1,440 


0.1 


0.1 


0.2 


Strawberries 


662 


864 


756 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


Asparagus 


330 


858 


900 


* 


0.1 


0.1 


Lima Beans ... 
Other Vegetables 
Other Field Crops ^ 2 ' 
Other Fruits^ 


1,102 


554 


718 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


4,229 


3,952 


3,554 


0.5 


0.6 


0.5 


1,443 


1,289 


1,403 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


1,314 


421 


350 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 



TOTAL FIELD CROPS 



(4) 



191,685 



168,913 



187,859 



24.6 



25.6 



27.9 



Total Vegetables 
and Melons (5) 




25,703 


25,787 


23,915 


3.3 


3.9 


3.6 


Total Fruit 




13,878 


6,528 


9,762 


1.8 


1.0 


1.4 


Forest Products^ ' 
Greenhouse and Nur 


sery 


2,400 
25,500 


2,500 
25,000 


2,500 
24,520 


0.3 
3.3 


0.4 
3.8 


0.4 
3.6 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVE- 
STOCK PRODUCTS 

Broilers 
Dairv Products 



511,360 

240,580 
171,665 



428,383 

185,566 
161,648 



424,319 

181,193 
157,347 



65.8 

30.9 
22.1 



64.9 

28.1 
24.4 



62.9 

26.9 
23.3 



(Continued on Following Page) 



-265- 



NO. 196 
CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, MARYLAND 1978, 1977 and 1976 (Cont'd) 





1978 


1977 


1976 


PERCENT 


OF TOTAL 


RECEIPTS 


COMMODITY 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


1978 


1977 


1976 


Cattle and Calves 


50,312 


37,243 


37,672 


6.5 


5.6 


5.6 


Hogs 


21,589 


17,677 


19,972 


2.8 


2.7 


3.0 


Eggs 


17,433 


17,198 


19,210 


2.2 


2.6 


2.8 


Farm Chickens 


972 


1,081 


990 


0.1 


0.2 


0.1 


Turkeys 


819 


646 


587 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


Sheep and Lambs 


488 


308 


366 


0.1 


* 


0.1 


Honey 


419 


224 


250 


0.1 


* 


* 


Wool 


98 


88 


74 


* 


* 


* 


Other (8) 


6,985 


6,704 


6,658 


0.9 


1.0 


1.0 


ALL COMMODITIES 


770,526 


657,111 


672,875 


99.1 


99.5 


99.8 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 


6,993 


3,398 


1,514 


0.9 


0.5 


0.2 


TOTAL RECEIPTS 


777,519 


660,509 


674,389 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



N/A - Not Available. 

* - Less than 0.05. 
(1) 



(2) 

(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 

(7) 
(8) 



Broccoli, Kale, Peppers, Cantaloups and others. 

Rye, oats, lespedeza seed, red clover and misc, crops. 

Misc, fruits, berries and nuts. 

Includes potatoes, sweet potatoes, and mushrooms. 

Excludes potatoes and sweet potatoes. 

Includes strawberries. 

Includes maple sugar and syrup. 

Misc. livestock and poultry, livestock and poultry products, beeswax, horses, mules 
and mink pelts. 



Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Maryland Agricultural Statistics , Publication 
NO. 92, June 1980. 



-266- 



NO. 197 



SELECTED COMMODITIES INDICES, PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS, MARYLAND: 1971-79 

(1967 = 100) 



(1) 



YEAR 



ALL COMMODITIES 



ALL CROPS 



LIVESTOCK AND 
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



1979 
1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 



210 
193 
174 
175 
175 
173 
149 
115 
106 



216 
196 
188 
190 
185 
207 
167 
128 
118 



207 
191 
168 
168 
170 
157 
140 
109 
100 



Annual average based on unrounded monthly indices. 
Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Maryland Agricultural 
Statistics, Publication No. 92, June, 1980. 



NO. 198 



NUMBER Of FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, MARYLAND: 1970-80 



(1) 



YEAR 



NUMBER OF FARMS 



LAND IN FARMS (1,000 ACRES) 



1980 

1979 

1978 

1977 

1976 

1975* 

1974 

1973 

1972 

1971 

1970 



16,400 
16,200 
16,100 
16,100 
16,300 
16,400 
17,800 
18,000 
18,200 
18,500 
18,800 



2,780 
2,800 
2,815 
2,820 
2,840 
2,855 
2,955 
2,970 
3,010 
3,050 
3,080 



* Beginning in 1975, places with annual sales of agricultural products of $1,000 or more. 

Official estimate of Maryland-Delaware Crop Reporting Service. 
Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Maryland Agricultural 
Statistics, Publication No. 92, June, 1980. 



NO. 199 



WORKERS ON FARMS IN MARYLAND : 1977-1979 and 1974 



(1) 



TYPE 


197° 


1978 


1977 


1974 


Family Workers 
Hired Workers 
TOT,. 


21,000 

12,000 
33,000 


17,000 
12,000 
29,000 


20,000 
12,000 
32,000 


24,000 
10,000 
34,000 






Annual average of persons employed during the last full calendar week ending at lea 
day before the end of the month. 
Source: ^and Department of Agriculture, Maryland Ayricultur :istics, Public, • 

92, June, 1980, and Publication No. 69, June, 1978. 



-267- 



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-270- 



HOUSING AND CONSTRUCTION 

Traditionally, home ownership has been a goal for most Mary landers. 
Virtually 59 percent of the housing units in the State were owner occupied 
at the time of taking the most recent Census of Housing. The variations in 
percentages of owner occupancy ranged from 71.8 percent in Howard County to 
42.2 percent in Baltimore City. 

Overall, the quality of housing is rather good when one looks at 
the generally cited characteristics. Again, there is considerable variance 
among the political subdivisions. 

The total construction contract values ratio of Maryland to the 
Nation stood at 1.5 in 1979. Speaking in absolute dollars, about $2.5 
billion of construction contract awards were made in the State during that 
year, a decrease of 9.5 percent over 1978. More than $1,180,6 million of the 
value was for residential construction contracts, while almost $805 million 
represented awards for non-residential buildings. 

There were 26,696 new building permits issued in Maryland for 
residential dwelling units of all types, a decrease of 12.3 percent over 1978. 

Although Maryland is not a major mobile home market, there was a 

small but steady demand for this type of housing until 1979. After an 

average of 2,000 shipments between 1970 and 1978, the number decreased 

drastically to 112 in 1979, undoubtedly a result of sharp increases in fuel 
prices. 



-271- 



NO. 202 

SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS OF HOUSING IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISION: 1970 





QUALITY OF 


DENSITY OF 


HOME 


RECENTLY 




HOUSING 


OCCUPANCY 


OWNERSHIP 


BUILT 




1970 


1970 


1970 


HOUSING 




PERCENTAGE 


PERCENTAGE 








LACKING 


WITH MORE 




PERCENTAGE 




SOME OR ALL 


THAN 1.00 


PERCENTAGE 


BUILT 




PLUMBING 


PERSONS 


OWNER 


1960- 


SUBDIVISION 


FACILITIES 


PER ROOM 


OCCUPIED 


1970 


Allegany 


8.2 


4.5 


63.7 


15.6 


Anne Arundel 


4.2 


6.7 


66.5 


38.0 


Baltimore City 


1.8 


8.3 


42.2 


10.2 


Baltimore 


2.1 


4.5 


68.2 


30.2 


Calvert 


22.0 


12.5 


60.5 


33.0 


Caroline 


19.5 


6.3 


63.8 


17.5 


Carroll 


8.6 


5.7 


68.3 


28.0 


Cecil 


10.0 


8.8 


62.7 


21.0 


Charles 


16.7 


12.8 


65.9 


41.2 


Dorchester 


20.4 


6.5 


57.6 


17.1 


Frederick 


11.8 


6.1 


62.4 


22.9 


Garrett 


21.7 


8.6 


62.3 


25.4 


Harford 


5.7 


7.2 


62.9 


40.0 


Howa rd 


6.7 


5.2 


71.8 


53.7 


Kent 


20.4 


5.6 


59.5 


22.5 


Montgomery 


1.1 


3.2 


59.7 


43.7 


Prince George's 


1.7 


6.1 


48.2 


52.6 


Queen Anne's 


22.5 


6.9 


62.5 


24.4 


St. Mary's 


11.8 


11.9 


51.0 


33.0 


Somerset 


34.2 


8.3 


65.5 


16.1 


Talbot 


13.6 


5.6 


59.0 


18.8 


Washington 


11.0 


5.6 


58.6 


20.5 


Wicomico 


11.8 


6.0 


63.8 


24.3 


Worcester 


22.1 


8.0 


58.4 


17.5 



Note: All data concern year round homes. 

Sources: U. S. Census of Population and Housing, Final Report , HC1-A22, 1970. 
U. S. Census of Population and Housing, Final Report , HC1-B22, 1970. 



-272- 



NO. 203 

VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT (1) AWARDS, UNITED STATES AND MARYLAND 

1977-1979 and 1969 



JURISDICTION 



1979 
($1,000,000) 


1978 
($1,000,000) 


1977 
($1,000,000) 


1969 
($1,000,000) 


166,378 
2,577 


159,930 
2,846 


139,723 
2,183 


67,825 
1,417 



United States 
Maryland 



(2) 



Maryland as Percent of 
United States 



1.5 



1.8 



-m 



(2) 



1.6 



2.1 



Represents the sum of the value of residential building contracts, non-residential 
building contracts, and non-building construction contracts. 

Excludes Alaska and Hawaii 



Source: McGraw Hill Information Systems Company, Dodge Construction Potentials , 
Region II Bulletin , various December issues. (Maryland data). 
U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Survey of Current Business , April issue, 
1980, 1979,1971. (United States data). 

NO. 204 

NEW BUILDING PERMITS FOR PRIVATE AND PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL DWELLING UNITS 

AUTHORIZED IN MARYLAND: 1969-1979 



YEAR 



PRIVATE AND PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL 
DWELLING UNITS 



PERCENT CHANGE 
OVER PREVIOUS YEAR 



26,696 (1) 
30,442(1) 
30,431 ; 
26,994 ^ 

19,661 ; 

23,299)^ 

48,307 Y\ 

54,566^ 

44,659^ 

35 138 ^ ; 

' (3) 

33,489 u; 



1979 
1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 

W* 

b_^ Sample taken from a 16,000 Permit-Issuing niverse. 

^Sample taken from a 14,000 Permit-Issuing Universe. 

'Sample taken from a 13,000 Permit-Issuing Universe. 

* Less than 0.05 percent 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industrial Economics, Construction 
Review. 



-12.3 
* 

12.7 

37.3 

-15.6 

-51.8 

-11.5 

22.2 

27.1 

4.9 

3.0 



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ON 


ON 


ON 


ON 


ON 



-274- 



NO. 206 
MOBILE HOME SHIPMENTS INTO AND VJ ITHIN MARYLAND: 1962-1979 



YEAR 


NUMBER 


1979 


112 


1978 


1,153 


1977 


1,183 


1976 


1,545 


1975 


1,502 


1974 


2,282 


1973 


3,014 


1972 


2,788 


1971 


2,425 


1970 


2,979 


1969 


1,900 


1968 


2,280 


1967 


2,100 


1966 


2,090 


1965 


1,810 


1964 


2,000 


1963 


1,350 


1962 


1,170 



INDEX (1967=100) 



5.3 
54.9 
56.3 

73.6 

71.5 

108.7 

143.5 

132.8 

115.5 

141.9 

90.5 

108.6 

100.0 

99.5 

86.2 

95.2 

64.3 

55.7 



CUMULATIVE 



35,543 

35,431 

34,278 

33,095 

31,550 

30,048 

27,766 

24,752 

21,964 

19,539 

16,560 

14,660 

12,380 

10,280 

8,190 

6,380 

4,380 

3,030 



Source: Manufactured Housing Institute 



-275- 



REAL ESTATE 

The total assessed value of real property in Maryland in 1980 stood at 
$32,069,843,000, representing an increase of 5.7 percent over the correspond- 
ing aggregate assessment in 1979. The greatest valuation occurs in Montgomery, 
Baltimore and Prince George's Counties, and in Baltimore City, in that descend- 
ing rank. 

Strides have been made among the local jurisdictions to achieve uniformity 
in assessment level ratios, and all assessors in the State are employees of the 
Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation. The Statewide average in 1980 
was 41 percent. 

The federal government owns and leases substantial acreage and buildings 
in the State. The size of the federal operation is due, at least in part, to 
the proximity of Maryland to the District of Columbia. 

As of September 30, 1978, the federal government owned more than 369,730 
acreas of land and 11,691 buildings on Maryland land. And, as of September 
30, 1978, just over 3,530 acres and more than 1,100 buildings were leased to 
the federal establishment. 



-276- 



NO. 207 

NUMBER OF REAL PROPERTIES AND REAL PROPERTY ASSESSED 
VALUES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS: AS OF JULY 1, 1980. 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 
PROPERTIES 



ASSESSED VALUE 
REAL PROPERTY ($1,000) 



MARYLAND 



1,445,056 



32,069,843 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



36,082 
130,739 
234,961 
205,491 

23,633 



334,406 
2,913,189 
3,066,886 
5,124,878 

325,376 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 

I Queen Anne' s 
Jst. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



11,284 
35,973 
25,588 
26,726 
16,295 

47,087 
17,828 
47,081 
39,769 
10,743 

180,683 

181,587 

16,493 

23,541 

13,217 

12,976 
38,420 
32,532 
36,327 



102,663 
756,226 
346,358 
557,649 
171,886 

899,525 

159,029 

1,007,104 

1,392,425 

129,656 

7,218,243 

4,861,202 

240,953 

375,096 

96,166 

329,863 
671,742 
429,398 
559,924 



Source: Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation, 1980 Annual Survey 
Assessment Ratios. 



-277- 



NO. 208 

REAL PROPERTY ASSESSMENT LEVEL RATIOS, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1980, 1979 and 1978 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



1980 



MARYLAND AVERAGE 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



41 

38 
41 
40 
40 
46 

40 
42 
40 
43 
43 

41 
40 
44 
44 
42 



1979 



40 

36 
41 
39 
41 
40 

35 
38 
37 
43 
38 

38 
37 
39 
39 
38 



1978 



43 

40 
40 
45 
43 
41 

33 

41 
41 
44 
42 

42 
39 
43 
44 
40 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



39 

44 
44 
44 
41 



39 

45 
40 
40 
41 



42 

47 
42 
43 
45 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



45 
43 
43 
41 



36 

41 
40 
40 



42 
39 
41 
40 



Source: State of Maryland, State Department of Assessments and Taxation, 1980 Annual Surv< 
Assessment Ratios. 



-278- 



NO. 209 

REAL PROPERTY LEASED (1) TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN MARYLAND: 

1978 and 1977 

ITEM 1978 1977 

REAL PROPERTY LEASED 

No. of Leases 1,103 1 ,109 

Land (Acres) 3,531 4,143 

No. of Locations 996 1,024 

Floor Area (Sq. Ft.) 11,447,049 11,891,699 

Annual Rental $48,834,311 $46,186,933 

NO. 210 
FEDERALLY OWNED REAL PROPERTY IN MARYLAND: 1978 and 1977 

ITEM 1978 1977 

FEDERALLY OWNED REAL PROPERTY 

Total Cost ($1,000) $2,551,575 $2,519,890 

No. of Installations 375 366 

Land (Acres) 369,732 205,629 

No. of Buildings 11,691 11,962 

(1) 

As of June 30 of the stated years. 

Source: General Ser/ices Administration, Office of Administration, Summary Report of Real 

Property Leased to the United States Throughout the World , Sept. 30, 1978 and Sept. 
30, 1977. 

Summary Report on Real Property Owned by the United States throughout the World , 
Sept. 30, 1978 and Sept. 30, 1977. 



-279- 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 

While Maryland ranks forty-second among the states in area, 
and eighteenth in population, it ranked fourteenth in total federal funds 
received during Fiscal Year 1979. 

Of the $11.6 billion in 1979 outlays in Maryland more than 
$3.0 billion were in Montgomery County, $2.9 billion in Baltimore City, while 
Prince George's County received over $1.5 billion and Anne Arundel County, 
a little over one billion. 

From the myriad of federal programs, defense outlays were almost 
$3.4 billion, outlays in the retirement and disability program were nearly 
$1.8 billion, and it is thus seen that these many federal programs constitute 
a major impact on the Maryland economy. 






-280- 



NO. 211 
RELATIVE POSITION OF THE STATE: FISCAL YEARS 1979 AND 1977 

1979 1977 

14th In Total Federal Funds 13th 

18th In Resident Population of States in 1979 18th 

27th In Number of Low Income Individuals (1975) 27th 

42nd In Area in 1970 42nd 

RANK IN TERMS OF FUNDS RECEIVED FROM THE FEDERAL AGENCIES 

1st For the Department of Commerce 4th 

4th For the National Aeronautic Space Administration 3rd 

5th For the Department of State 4th 

8th For the Department of Energy 11th 

10th For the Department of Defense 10th 

11th For the General Services Administration 9th 

14th For the Department of Transportation 9th 

15th For the Environmental Protection Agency 10th 

15th For the Department of Health, Education and Welfare 12th 

17th For the Department of Housing and Urban Development 22nd 

17th For the Treasury Department 18th 

18th For the Department of Labor 19th 

20th For the Department of Justice 24th 

27th For the Veterans Administration 25th 

27th For the Department of the Interior 29th 

34th For the Department of Agriculture 33rd 

Source: Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, Geographic Dis- 
tribution of Federal Funds in Maryland, Fiscal Years 1979 and 1977. 






-281- 



NO. 212 



FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: 
(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



FY 1979 



FUNCTION 



OUTLAY 



TOTAL 

Department of Defense - Military 

General Retirement and Disability Insurance 

Health Care Services 

Federal Employee Retirement and Disability 

Health 

Public Assistance and Other Income Supplements 

Energy Supply 

Ground Transportation 

Postal Service 

Other Natural Resources 

Other Advancement and Regulation of Commerce 

Health Research 

Training and Employment 

Income Security for Veterans 

Supporting Space Activities 

Energy Information Policy and Regulation 

Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Education 

General Revenue Sharing 

Space Science, Applications, and Technology 

Pollution Control and Abatement 

Agricultural Research and Services 

Air Transportation 

Hospital and Medical Care for Veterans 

General Property and Records Management 

Community Development 

Social Services 

Higher Education 

Water Transportation 

Space Flight 

Veterans Education, Training and Rehabilitation 

Education, Training, Employment and Social Services 

Recreational Resources 

Central Fiscal Operations 

Federal Law Enforcement Activities 

Energy Conservation 

Research and General Education Aids 

General Science and Basic Research 

Area and Regional Development 



$11,649 


092 


3,376,273 


1,856 


668 


927 


328 


640, 


894 


627 


,587 


372, 


119 


315 


,696 


288 


749 


252 


,568 


244 


366 


229 


,713 


212 


003 


209 


,065 


182 


958 


181 


,313 


149 


772 


142 


,426 


136 


861 


134 


,445 


124 


558 


114 


,402 


79 


183 


74 


,375 


73 


728 


71 


,428 


68 


885 


58 


06? 


55 


74( 


53 


,95( 


43 


448 


38, 


n: 


35, 


21: 


28 


16( 


23, 


561 


20 


77i 


19 


82 


17 


11 


16, 


69 



(Continued on Following Page) 



-282- 



NO. 212 



FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: 

(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



FY 1979 (CONT'D.) 



FUNCTION 



OUTLAY 



Unemployment Compensation 

Consumer and Occupational Health and Safety 

Criminal Justice Assistance 

Farm Income Stabilization 

Water Resources 

Conservation and Land Management 

Conduct of Foreign Affairs 

Income Security 

Emergency Energy Preparedness 

Foreign Economic and Financial Assistance 

Other Interest 

Other Veterans Benefits and Services 

Disaster Relief and Insurance 

Federal Litigative and Judicial Activities 

Other Labor Services 

Other General Government 

Other Transportation 

Mortgage Credit and Thrift Insurance 

Other General Purpose Fiscal Assistance 

|Central Personnel Management 

Foreign Information and Exchange Activities 

Veterans Housing 



16,406 

15,726 

15,549 

14,788 

12,741 

12,657 

11 ,759 

9,867 

8,541 

6,663 

5,619 

4,906 

4,748 

3,269 

2,662 

2,352 

1,485 

539 

423 

354 

2 

1 



Source 



Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, Geographic Distri- 
bution of Federal Funds in Maryland, Fiscal Year 1979. 



-283- 



NO. 213 

FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: FY 1979 

(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 1979 



MARYLAND TOTAL $11,649,092 

Montgomery 3,002,697 

Baltimore City 2,904,478 

Prince George's 1,545,110 

Anne Arundel 1,029,885 

Baltimore 1,018,329 

Harford 386,888 

Howard 334,045 

Washington 203,309 

St. Mary's 183,026 

Frederick 164,444 

Allegany 138,861 

Charles 118,750 

Cecil 108,244 

Carroll 93,978 

Wicomico 82,247 

Dorchester 51,474 

Queen Anne's 44,886 

Talbot 42,243 

Worcester 38,845 

Somerset 35,225 

Garrett 32,411 

Calvert 32,377 

Caroline 31,384 

Kent 25,958 



Figures may not add to total due to rounding. 

Source: Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, 

Geographic Distribution of Federal Funds in Maryland Fiscal Year 
1979. 



-284- 



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-287- 



NO. 215 

FEDERAL EXPENDITURES BY FUNCTIONAL CATEGORY 
IN THE APPALACHIAN PORTION OF MARYLAND: FISCAL YEAR 1979 



FUNCTIONAL GROUPINGS 



APPALACHIA PORTION 
OF MARYLAND 



1978 Provisional Population Estimate 

Total Expenditures 

Child Development 
Total 
Per Capita 

Health 
Total 
Per Capita 

Vocational Education and Other Education 
Total 
Per Capita 

Energy and Enterprise Development 
Total 
Per Capita 

Community Development 
Total 
Per Capita 

Housing 
Total 
Per Capita 

Local Development District Planning & Administration 
Total 
Per Capita 

Research and Technical Assistance 
Total 
Per Capita 

Special Demonstrations and Other Programs 
Total 
Per Capita 



215,100 
$5,890,870 



311,000 

1.45 



1,928,613 

8.97 



871,456 

4.05 



100, 000 

0.46 



1,201,801 

5.59 



890,000 

4.14 



106,000 

0.49 



22,000 

0.10 



460,000 

2.14 



Source: Appalachian Regional Commission, 1979 Annual Report 



-288- 



ELECTIONS 

The 1980 Presidential election returns in Maryland showed a plurality 
popular vote for the unsuccessful candidate, Jimmy Carter (D) , 47.1 percent. 
Ronald Reagan (R), the winner nationally, received 44.2 percent of the 
popular vote, while John B. Anderson (Ind.) polled 7.8 percent. Since 1932, 
this was the third instance in which Maryland voted against the winning 
presidential nominee. 

There were over 1,884,135 registered voters in Maryland for the 1980 
general election. Of these registrants, 70.0 percent were listed as Demo- 
crats, 23.4 percent as Republicans, and 6.6 percent either declined to give 
a party preference or were registered with other than the Democratic or 
Republican Parties. 

Harry Hughes was elected Governor of Maryland in 1978 as he polled 71.0 
percent of the popular vote, carrying 22 of the 24 political subdivisions of 
the State. The rather independent pattern of voting in Maryland asserted 
itself in 1980 as Senator Charles McC. Mathias, Jr., a Republican, was re- 
elected to the United States Senate, carrying a popular vote of 66.2 percent 
and all of the 24 political subdivisions. Democrat Paul Sarbanes polled 
56.6 percent of the popular vote to unseat Republican incumbent Senator 
J. Glenn Beall, Jr. in the 1976 election for United States Senate. 

Comptroller Louis L. Goldstein was reelected and Stephen H. Sachs was 
elected Attorney General as part of the Democratic Party ticket in 1978. The 
1981 Session of the Maryland General Assembly will be composed of 165 Demo- 
crats and 23 Republicans. 

The Congressional delegation of Maryland is composed of one Republican 
and one Democratic Senator, while seven Democrats and one Republican serve 
in the House of Representatives. 

-289- 



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-291- 



NO. 218 

MARYLAND GENERAL ELECTION RETURNS - NOVEMBER 7, 1978 
FOR GOVERNOR OF MARYLAND 



DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

Harry Hughes 
Samuel W. Bogley 



REPUBLICAN PARTY 
J. Glenn Beall, Jr. 
Aris T. Allen 



SUBDIVISION 



% TOTAL 
SUBDIVISION 



% TOTAL 
SUBDIVISION 



MARYLAND 



718,328 



71.0 



293,635 



29.0 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



10, 


534 


59 


242 


135 


108 


147 


,404 


5 


097 


4 


135 


13 


,254 


8 


,290 


8 


,563 


5 


,980 


14 


,368 


2 


,043 


22 


,128 


22 


,287 


3 


,971 


115 


,286 


88 


,894 


5 


,167 


7 


,590 


3 


,967 


5 


,333 


14 


,891 


10 


350 


4 


,446 



41.8 
68.6 

80.4 
75.2 
71.8 

78.1 
61.8 
66.2 
71.3 
75.8 

58.1 
30.2 
68.5 
70.9 
75.4 

67.7 
75.1 
76.2 
76.1 
60.8 

69.2 
52.7 
69.2 
65.9 



14 


,651 


27 


,119 


33 


,011 


48 


,553 


2 


,003 


1 


,158 


8 


,200 


4 


,231 


3 


,454 


1 


,904 


10 


,373 


4 


,714 


10 


,196 


9 


138 


1 


,298 


54 


,986 


29 


,465 


1 


,613 


L 


389 


2 


,554 


2 


,374 


13 


,353 


4 


,598 


2 


300 



58 


2 


31. 


4 


19 


.6 


24 


.8 


28. 


.2 


21 


9 


38. 


1 L. 


33 


.8 


28. 


7 


24. 


2 


41. 


9 


69, 


8 


31. 


5 


29. 


,1 


24. 


6 


32. 


3 


24. 


9 


23. 


8 


23. 


9 


39. 


2 


30. 


8 


47. 


3 


30. 


8 


34. 


1 



Source: State Administrative Board of Election Laws, 



-292- 



NO. 219 

MARYLAND GENERAL ELECTION RETURNS - NOVEMBER 4, 1980 
FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 



DEMOCRATIC PARTY 
EDWARD T. CONROY 



% TOTAL 
SUBDIVISION 



REPUBLICAN PARTY 

CHARLES McC. MATHIAS , JR. 

% TOTAL 
SUBDIVISION 



MARYLAND 


435,118 


33.8 


Allegany 


6,829 


26.7 


Anne Arundel 


33,028 


30.2 


Baltimore City 


83,176 


43.5 


Baltimore 


78,694 


34.2 


Calvert 


3,096 


34.9 


Caroline 


1,571 


30.5 


Carroll 


10,285 


38.2 


Cecil 


5,101 


34.9 


Charles 


6,551 


36.7 


Dorchester 


2,520 


31.6 


Frederick 


8,143 


23.7 


Garrett 


1,609 


23.9 


Harford 


12,562 


27.7 


Howard 


11,970 


27.4 


Kent 


1,419 


29.9 


Montgomery 


60,506 


23.5 


Prince George's 


79,532 


47.7 


Queen Anne's 


2,161 


31.4 


St. Mary's 


4,551 


37.4 


Somerset 


1,581 


34.6 


Talbot 


1,912 


22.9 


Washington 


10,220 


31.3 


Wicomico 


5,663 


32.7 


Worcester 


2,438 


31.7 



850,970 

18,700 

76,352 

108,051 

151,087 

5,774 

3,586 
16,623 

9,507 
11,308 

5,463 

26,230 

5,136 

32,805 

31,740 

3,331 

196,817 

87,311 

4,730 

7,602 

2,986 

6,439 
22,460 
11,675 

5,257 



66.2 

73.3 
69.8 
56.5 
65.8 
65.1 

69.5 
61.8 
65.1 
63.3 
68.4 

76.3 
76.1 
72.3 
72.6 
70.1 

76.5 
52.3 
68.6 
62.6 
65.4 

77.1 
68.7 
67.3 
68.3 



Source: State Administrative Board of Election Laws, General Election Results 
November 4, 1980. 



-293- 



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-295- 



NO. 221 

MARYLAND GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS - NOVEMBER 4, 1980 
FOR REPRESENTATIVE IN THE 97th CONGRESS 
OF THE UNITED STATES 
(*DENOTES WINNING CANDIDATE) 



CONGRESSIONAL 


DEMOCRATIC 


REPUBLICAN 






DISTRICT 




PARTY 




PARTY 


INDEPENDENT 


First District 


*Dyson 


97,743 


Bauman 


91,143 


No 


Candidate 


(2) 
Second District ' 


*Long 


121,017 


Bentley 


89,961 


No 


Candidate 


Third District^ 3 ) 


*Mikulski 


102,293 


Schaffer 


32,074 


No 


Candidate 


Fourth District '*' 


Riley 


47,375 


*Holt 


120,985 


No 


Candidate 


Fifth District ^ 5 ^ 


*Spellman 


106,035 


Igoe 


25,693 


No 


Candidate 


Sixth District ^ 


*Byron 


146,101 


Beck 


62,913 


No 


Candidate 


Seventh District^ 7 ) 


*Mitchell 


97,104 


Clark 


12,650 


No 


Candidate 


Eighth District ( 8 ) 


*Barnes 


148,301 


Steers 


101,659 


No 


Candidate 



Districts include all or parts of: 

^Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Dorchester, Harford, Kent, Queen Anne's, St. Mary's, 
Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, Worcester. 

(2) 

Baltimore City, Baltimore County. 

(3) 

v ' Baltimore City, Baltimore County. 

^ Anne Arundel, Prince George's. 

^Montgomery, Prince George's. 
^Allegany, Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett, Howard, Montgomery, Washington. 
(7). 



Baltimore City. 



(8) 



Montgomery. 



Source: State Administrative Board of Election Laws, General Election Results : November 
4, 1980. 



-296- 



RECREATION AREAS 

The use of recreational land in Maryland is rather substantial. More than 
five percent of the land area of the State is classifed as recreation or open 
space land. As might be expected, there is considerable variation among the poli- 
tical subdivisions, with Garrett (18.6 percent) and Allegany (16.1 percent) 
Counties having the greater figures. 

It was estimated, using data from the 1970 Census of Population and Housing, 
that 1.8 percent of the State's housing stock is comprised of recreation homes. 
Worcester County has the highest proportion in the State, followed by Calvert and 
Garrett Counties. Once again the variety of our natural resources is highlighted 
by this geographical dispersion of recreational activities from the ocean to the 
mountains . 



-297- 



NO. 222 

RECREATION HOMES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



PER CENT OF RECREATION HOMES 
(ESTIMATED) 



MARYLAND 



1.81 



Al legany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Baltimore City 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



1.00 




4.23 




0.70 




0.51 




17.49 




2.02 




0.36 




8.96 




3.08 




3.62 




1.66 




14.76 




0.46 




0.80 




7.57 




0.33 




0.21 




6.87 




5.88 




4.76 




3.88 




1.52 




1.33 




36.45 





Note: The number of recreation homes is estimated as the sum of the enumerated 
seasonally vacant and migratory housing units and 30 per cent of year- 
round "other vacant" housing units. Thirty per cent is the percentage 
for the state that year-round housing units held for occasional use are 
as a proportion of all year-round other vacant housing units. The other 
portion of this total of vacant year-round housing consists of housing 
open for rental occupancy or for sale. 

Source: U. S. Census of Population and Housing, 1970. 



-298- 



NO. 223 
OPEN SPACE LAND AND SELECTED RECREATION FACILITIES 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



MARYLAND 



PERCENT 
OUTDOOR 

recreation 
areaO) 



5.2 



CAMPING FACILITIES IN 
FORESTS AND PARKS 



NATIONAL 

AND 
REGIONAL 



11 



STATE 



26 



PRIVATE 



73 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Baltimore City 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



16.1 
1.8 
4.0 

11.8 
0.6 
1.0 
0.5 
2.7 
2.1 
6.5 
5.5 

18.6 
6.3 
3.5 
2.1 
3.7 
3.9 
0.1 
0.5 

10.7 
0.1 
3.0 
1.4 
7.4 



1 









2 
1 




1 

3 





2 

1 



2 

1 


2 

2 
1 

2 
5 
1 
1 


1 
1 
1 
1 

3 

2 



3 
3 

1 

1 
2 
1 
7 
4 
3 
5 
8 
2 

1 
1 
1 
2 
4 
3 

11 
3 
7 



K^Land classified as recreation or open space land as proportion of all land (does not in- 
clude water areas). 

|Source: Department of Economic and Community Development, Division of Research, 1974 

Statistical Supplement to an Economic and Social Atlas of M aryland; Division of 
Tourist Development, Directory of Maryland Campgrounds , 1980. 



-299- 



NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

This Appendix to the 1980 Maryland Statistical Abstract is divided 
into three parts. First is a series of tables which we anticipate to be 
of great utility to many users. Historical time series of many important 
economic indicators are shown by month, both unadjusted, and, then adjusted 
for seasonal variations. Many requests for such data are received, and it 
is hoped that this ready reference will format the material so that maximum 
benefit may be derived. 

Next is a series on prime contracts awarded by the Department of 
Defense. Again, this is a series which has been added because of increased 
interest in the topic by the citizenry of our State. The reader is cautioned 
that the data here reflect prime contracts only and not subcontracts as well. 

The final set of tables depicts federal outlays in Maryland coupled 
with demographic characteristics of Marylanders. 



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Uj^ff l ff*ff , J*(^J*^3 v 3 A O OCT* J 1 ^ ff>3> 



A-33 







NO. 


A-33 










DEPARTMENT 


or d e p c 


N S E 






p 


RIME CON 


TRACT 


AWARDS 


BY STATE 






TABLE 


8 - NET VALUE OF MILITARY 
OCTOBER 1678 


PROCUREMENT ACTIONS BY DEPARTMENT 
MARCH 1980 


A/ 








(AMOUNTS 


IN THOUSANDS) 








STATE 


T T A 


L 1/ 


ARMY 


NAVY 


AIR FORCE 


DEFENSE 1 
LOGISTIC! 








AMOUNT 1 


PERCENT 








AGENCY 


TOTAL. U.S. 6 


•34. 860,384 




• 7,654,563 


• 9,399,219 


•11,990, 146 


S 4,893.876 


NOT DISTRIBUTED BY STATE C 


4.005.616 


1,279.340 


671,221 


1 . 364 , 774 


845,037 


STATE TOTALS D 


»0, 473. 676 
285,236 


100 

1 .0 


0,376,243 


6,627,668 


10,626,372 


4,046,836 


ALABAMA 


167,662 


13,683 


60,930 


60.059 


ALASKA 


123,827 


0.4 


16,346 


3,861 


62, 175 


35.937 


AR! ZONA 


341 ,772 


1 . 1 


127,762 


73,517 


1 19,020 


6,445 


ARKANSAS 


31 ,615 


0. 1 


7, 131 


1.782 


6, 1 12 


16,460 


CALIfORNI A 


7,247,676 


23.6 


1 ,365,653 


2.380,245 


2.426,528 


957,876 


COLORADO 


230,280 


0.6 


26,764 


12,016 


184,338 


3,783 


CONNECT 1 CUT 


1 ,283,781 


4.3 


426,552 


616,801 


312,932 


34,729 


DELAWARE 


67,730 


0.2 


1 ,612 


2,476 


6,392 


57,073 


DISTRI CT OF COLUMBIA 


421 ,070 


1 .4 


22, 106 


257,036 


14, 129 


98, 159 


FLORIDA 


1,111 ,665 


3.7 


348,780 


205,801 


472,276 


69,424 


OEORGI A 


454,848 


1 .5 


126,695 


56.343 


216,098 


55,425 


HAWAI 1 


202,446 


0.7 


21 ,424 


20,357 


20,719 


137,796 


IOAHO 


10,131 


■ 


624 


1 ,637 


2,536 


5, 1 17 


ILLINOIS 


457,982 


1 .5 


77,654 


48,215 


227,999 


95,894 


INDI ANA 


545,620 


1 .6 


189,743 


48,272 


93,360 


211.769 


IOWA 


94,621 


0.3 


20,692 


9,255 


38,499 


25,561 


KANSAS 


508, 155 


1 .7 


65,588 


21 .660 


364,750 


16, 157 


KENTUCKY 


125.24 6 


0.4 


33, 159 


2, 106 


4,680 


85,272 


LOUISIANA 


150,675 


0.6 


35,730 


66,018 


6,971 


49,934 


MAI NE 


1 16,777 


0.4 


6,229 


101 ,234 


4,609 


5,705 


MARYLAND 


823,758 


3.0 


79,167 


357,456 


345,864 


65,934 


MASSACHUSETTS 


2, 169,631 


7.2 


642,442 


467,934 


861 ,013 


96,624 


MICHIGAN 


746,517 


2.6 


665,632 


33,946 


60,796 


84,632 


MINNESOTA 


492,033 


1 .6 


83,926 


250,915 


119,469 


17,301 


MISSISSIPPI 


168.536 


0.6 


17,079 


103,371 


21,012 


27,058 


MISSOURI 


1 ,367,560 


4.S 


91,977 


692,405 


550, 121 


27,691 


MONTANA 


20,516 


0. 1 


2,505 





4,441 


13,570 


NEBRASKA 


61 ,555 


0.2 


3,021 


222 


41 ,825 


14,813 


NEVADA 


26,590 


0. 1 


6,316 


2,01 1 


13,386 


2, 173 


NEW HAMPSHIRE 


108,379 


0.4 


16,938 


43,335 


37,847 


7,203 


NEW JERSEY 


639,722 


2. 1 


78,081 


250,605 


139,376 


'43 


NEW MEXICO 


167,534 


0.6 


43,742 


535 


62,694 


11 


NEW YORK 


2, 196, 100 


7.2 


161 ,675 


1,024,901 


632, 198 


2t T 


N3RTH CAROLINA 


247,836 


0.6 


62,392 


83,679 


21 ,677 


5S 


NOR1H DAKOTA 


33,275 


0. 1 


1 1 , 604 


19 


18,587 


6, 


OHIO 


840,353 


2.6 


189,986 


165,553 


433,442 


49,328 


CLAHOMA 


264,01 1 


0.9 


62,880 


6,653 


76,785 


123,481 


ORECON 


46,542 


0.2 


10,226 


14, 1 14 


8,675 


12,510 


PENfSYLVANIA 


1 ,063,655 


3.6 


319,729 


446, 166 


96,062 


202,216 


RHODE ISLAND 


71,675 


0.2 


1 ,034 


45,553 


1,735 


23, 156 


SOUTH CAROLINA 


106,565 


0.4 


22,748 


40,908 


10,780 


35,116 


SOUTH DAKOTA 


7.614 


■ 


777 


66 


3,444 


3,327 


TENNESSEE 


229,597 


0.6 


64,979 


10,662 


103,536 


60,316 


TEXAS 


2,456,272 


6. 1 


286,529 


233,011 


1 ,654,521 


377,282 


UTAH 


105,260 


0.4 


13,364 


2,787 


69,724 


28,505 


. RM3NT 


63,764 


0.2 


17,773 


4,212 


40,067 


1,692 


v. 'olUlA 


670, 133 


2.9 


181 ,051 


477,415 


68,817 


64,774 


WASHINGTON 


877,368 


2.9 


186,272 


192, 177 


433, 132 


65,336 


WEST VIRGINIA 


36,627 


0. 1 


1 ,350 


7,509 


17,361 


12,377 


WISCONSIN 


141 ,760 


0.0 


34,605 


19,325 


30,209 


52,076 


W1 Ohl NO 


26,344 


0. 1 


293 


93 


2,448 


23,446 



T/ Includes "Other Defense Agency" awards not Included elsewhere 1n this table 
* Less t^an 0.05 Percent. 



A-34 



OcPA«TNEnT Of E F E N S E 
PRIME CONTRACT * » * R S 8 > S T A I t 

3 - h£T VALUE OF MILITARY PRO. *[w;sT A.TIONj BY FISCAl Via* 
FISCAL Y£l-S 1977. 1978 ANC 1979 
(A-^^IS In ThousanDST 



STATE 



TOTAL. U.S. . 8/ 



NJT OISTRiBuTEO BY STATE C/ 
STATE TOTALS 0/ 



ALABAMA 

ALASKA 

ARIZONA 

ARKANSAS 

CALIFORNIA 

COLORADO 

CO»>NECTICUT 

OELAwARE 

:iSTRICT OF C0LUC3IA 

FLCfilOl 

GEORGIA 
HAWAII 
I0AHO 
ILLINOIS 

IMOIAMI 

IOwa 

KANSAS 
t£KTOC«Y 

louisiana 
mm* 

HA«vlAN0 
*iSSAC*USETTS 

^IChlCAS 

"INj.ESCTA 
MISSISSIPPI 

MISSOURI 

>-:-.TANA 

bcBfiASKl 

NtvAlA 

hi* HAMPSHIRE 

NEW JERSEY 
N£w MEXICO 

NEW YORK 
NCRTm CAROLINA 
kORTM CAROTA 

OHIO 

Oklahoma 
OREGON 
PENNSYLVANIA 

mm*, islano 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

lOtjTM CAHOTA 

TENNESSEE 

TElAS 

LTAm 

VERMONT 

VIRGINIA 

WASHINGTON 

WEST VIRGINIA 

WISCONSIN 

WYOMING 





FISCAL YEAR 1977 


FISCAL »L 


A*. 1976 


Fii^L UU 197 9 




ANCUhT 


Fi^cent 


Ah cUN 1 


PtrfCENl 


iHCJNT 


PERnsI 




S52.751.721 

ItttVAttAI 

7,212,1(4 




161.174. 093 
7,560,616 




165,481,031 




_C_/ 


6,6^7,666 




45,539,537 


lbJ.tf 


53,593,272 


1 410. 


56.653.145 


1(0.8 




*21,217 

li3,3 (6 

5,0,232 

73,505 

10,078.183 


22.1 


479,636 

19«.623 

63i.. 77 3 

85.3 e 

10.516.735 


8.9 
6.4 
1.2 
0*2 
19.6 


499,286 

214, '71 

692,' J7 

71,675 

11,674,720 


20.6 




379,169 

1,97.., 323 

50,662 

6=7,540 
1,161,877 




434,963 

3,489.199 

70,115 

537,191. 

1,393,323 


1.6 

6.5 

0.1 
1«0 
2.6 


411,117 

3, 777,- ^93 

85,763 

569,tl28 
l,7o0,-26 






517,688 
223,805 
15.525 
559,93* 
83*. 132 




753,473 

292.947 

19,117 

712,486 

908,808 


1.5 

0.5 


6 6 8 , 'i <, S 

307,01-1 

21,461 

752, 43*. 

1,107,185 






2*0,750 

3t3, 2fc5 

221, 4ei 

390,651 
323,276 




361,512 
4,31,323 
176,577 

S04.562 
31,0,866 




256,257 

590,057 
168,231 
274,213 
607,061 






1,092,273 

2,395,451 

1,2«,4,456 

656,230 

493,211 




1,316,574 

2,7(7,069 

1,382,180 

730,094 

1,405,492 




1,509,298 

2,962,763 

1,493.592 

696,470 

703,166 






2,361,170 
173,731 

79,915 

27,875 

153,329 




2,999,992 

24,229 

71,626 

42,234 

227,413 




3,263,929 

48,020 

65.74E 

66,81.9 

236,372 






1,216,613 

159,999 

4,300,271 

373,536 

43,533 




1,470,484 
2(0,890 

4,590,357 

436,611 

55,487 




1,300,060 
259,297 

4,912,368 

568,817 

63,376 






1,164,100 

292,796 

77,945 

1,654,009 
125,851 




1,275,173 

314,562 

91,752 

1,632,401 
155,966 




1,275,273 
316,713 
1«.7.1(4 

1,877,706 
192,255 






175, 41* 

13,2(9 

709,716 

2,778,375 

226,754 




195,924 

20,065 

521,799 

4,943,(30 

214,6(9 




293,776 
21.211 

473,642 

4.235,790 

226,1,25 






119,106 

2,036.451 

1,736.452 

91,795 

416,394 

19,421 


8.1 


109.217 

1,700.148 

1,6(7,6(1 

76,015 

3(9,263 

26,081 


• 


100,017 

2,7<.7,036 

1,5J9,56( 

61.576 

372,998 

51,(74 




mmma m t 


,.„ -jjj , 




._••_ — -• numr 


!,.„ .__-„• J 


_._..._..-.-..-•• 


-■ ■ j. ■ i ■ 



• LESS IMAN 6. IS PERCENT. 



A-35 



NO. A-35 



OePAHTMENT OF DEFENSE 

PRIME CONTRACT AWARDS BY STATE 

TABLE 4 - NET VALUE OF CIVIL FUNCTIONS PROCUREMENT ACTIONS A/ _E/ 

FISCAL YEARS 1977, 1978 AND 1979, AND FISCAL YEARS 1979 ANO 1980 TO DATE 

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS) 



STATE 



FISCAL YEAR 

1977 

OCT 78 -SEP 77 



FISCAL YEAR 

1978 

OCT 77-SEP 78 



FISCAL YEAR 

1979 

OCT 78-3EP 79 



FISCAL YEAR TO OATE 



1979 

OCT 78-MAR 79 



1980 

OCT 79-MAR 80 



TOTAL. U.3 _By 

NO* 3ISTRIBUTE0 BY STATE _C_/ 

STATf TOTALS 0/ 



ALABAMA 
ALASKA 
ARI ZONA 
4RK/NSAS 

--RNI A 

COLORADO 

CONNECTICUT 

DELAWARE 

OIS-R!C T OF COLUMBIA 

FLORIDA 

OEOROI A 
HAWAI [ 
IDAHO 
I LL I NO I S 
1 NO I ANA 

IOWA 
KANSAS 
KENTUCKY 
LOCl SI ANA 

MAINE 

MAR* LAND 

MASSACHUSETTS 

MICHIGAN 

MINNESOTA 

MISSISSIPPI 

h I S'.OUR I 

MON. ANA 

NE3CASKA 

NEV.vDA 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

NEW JERSEY 
,v£w MEXICO 
NEW YORK 
KOR'H CAROLINA 
rORTH DAKOTA 

PHI J 

OKLAHOMA 
OREGON 

PENNSYLVANIA 
RHODE IS-ANO 

SOOT < .'•"OLiNA 
OO'h DAKOTA 
-ENNESSEE 
•EXAS 

"AM 

v.-MONT 
VIRGINIA 
WASHINGTON 
(EST VIRGINIA 
wl jCONSI N 
WYOMING 



91 , 999.908 



1 17, 168 



1 ,482, 740 



42,003 

19,537 

2,244 

27,983 

104,959 

16,844 

7,606 

037 

4, 693 

33,427 

22,803 
10,709 
12, 172 
26 , 994 
24,692 

23, 367 

23,294 

81 ,999 

124,396 

639 

19,034 
22,231 
16,343 
10, 722 
63,374 

102,093 

7,277 

13,021 

17 

443 

21 ,319 
1 1 ,493 
61 ,636 
30,706 
6,672 

33,410 

36, 676 

32,373 

1 10,963 

229 

9, 303 

1,713 

10,290 

36,422 

26C 

379 

36,310 

1 14,336 

16,614 

2, 793 

134 



91 , 836, 703 



1 34 , 266 



1 ,682,437 



27, 379 



1 1 ,749 

39,422 

203,361 

14, 877 

14,731 

3. 126 

6,733 

39.236 

31 , 703 

3,041 

180, 103 

37, 827 

23,332 

16,969 

21 , 168 

30,724 

133,906 

831 

29,734 
18,397 
34,61 1 
6,635 
99,309 

67,347 

12,372 

9,036 

17 

1 ,64 1 

21 ,302 

3,31 1 

32. 982 

21 ,337 

6,321 

30,610 
29,984 
49,221 
76,717 
2,286 

10,707 

4,622 

1 1 ,284 

28, 173 

308 

1 ,000 

23, 779 

1 17,833 

9, 172 

9,738 

1 71 



91 , 607, 949 



1 ,466, 81 8 



30,244 



12,376 

48.700 

129,324 

9,341 

1 1 , 043 

739 

7,293 

6, 340 

26,626 
20,050 
7,976 
36,238 
32,338 

21, 164 

23,234 

34,860 

187, 196 

801 

13, 129 
7,662 
39,334 
12,207 
34, 149 

67,822 

8,829 

3,336 

83 

2,439 

13,622 
1 9 , 1 84 
22, 394 
26,623 
4, 108 

27,376 
16,391 
60,609 
83, 298 
332 

1 , 644 

7,069 

18.366 

67, 368 

795 

623 

18, 963 

133,992 

48,418 

12.331 

49 



9 713,883 

36, 806 

686,077 



14,339 



6, 096 

9,644 

63.494 

2, 336 
6, 134 

486 

3,914 

883 

3, 182 
8,826 
6,366 

24,763 
19,926 

13,072 
17,374 
14,009 
79, 146 
124 

9,313 

3,338 

13,374 

6, 138 
13,939 

47,286 
1,713 
1 ,637 


673 

3,029 

10,983 

10, 127 

436 

1 ,630 

14,835 
13, 162 
26, 197 
39,426 
296 

471 
2,292 

7, ISO 
46, 099 

31 

336 

7, 190 

13, 1 14 

31 ,369 

7,317 

16 



437,318 



73, 314 



381 , 604 



20,036 

4,490 

114 

14,218 
6,305 

4,217 

4,470 

32 

2,487 

12, 104 

2, 139 
139 

6.946 
3,066 
1 .962 

1 1 . 338 
12.643 
10, 044 
60,770 
1,889 

3,008 
6.201 
3.320 
6.399 

16. 841 

f9,969 

94 

622 



294 

183 

4,917 

6,030 

13, 747 

129 

3,996 

'3,416 
1 1 1 

14.331 
176 

3, 120 

97 

2, 150 
8,795 



152 

1 1 , 293 

1 , 196 

19,747 

3, 340 





A- 36 



FOOTNOTES : 

a/ NOTES ON COVERACE: Ic is emphasized thac data on prime contracts by State do net provide any 
direct indication as to the State in which the actual production work is done. F?r the major- 
-:■ of contracts with manufacturers, the data reflect the location of the plant where 
product will be finally processed and assembled. If processing or assembly is to be performed 
Lb -ere than one plant of a prime contractor, the location shown is the plant where the 1 ir^-ist 
dollar amount of work will take place. Construction contracts are shown for the State wr. 
the construction is to be performed. For purchases from wholesale or other distribution firms, 
Che location is the address of the contractor's place of business. For service contracts, the 
location is generally the place where the service is performed, but for transportation and 
communications services the home office address is frequently used. 

More important is the fact that the reports refer to prime contracts only, and cannot in any 
•-ay reflect the distribution of the very substantial amount of material and component fabri- 
cation and other subcontract work that may be done outside the State where final assembly or 
delivery takes place. 

The report includes definitive contracts and funded portions of letter contracts and letters of 
intent, job orders, task orders, and purchase orders on industrial firms, and also includes 
interdepartmental purchases made from or through other governmental agencies such as those made 
through the General Services Administration. The State data include upward or downward re- 
visions and adjustments over $10,000, such as cancellations, price changes, supplemental 
agreements, amendments, etc. 

The estimated amounts of indefinite delivery, open-end, or call-type contracts for petroleum 
are included in the report. Except for petroleum contracts, the report does not include 
indefinite delivery, open-end, or call-type contracts as such, but does include specific pur- 
chases or delivery orders over $10,000 which are placed against these contracts. Also excluded 
from the report are project orders, that is production orders issued to government -owned -and - 
operated facilities such as Navy shipyards. However, the report includes the contracts placed 
with industry by the government-operated facility to complete the production order. 

b/ Includes all contracts awarded for work performed in the United States. The United States 

includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, U.S. possessions, the Canal Zone, the Common- 
wealth of Puerto Rico, the Trust Territories of the Pacific, and other areas subject to the 
complete sovereignty of the U.S. 

c/ Includes contracts of $10,000 and less, all contracts awarded for work performance in the U.S. 
possessions, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Trust Territories of the Pacific, and other 
areas subject to the complete sovereignty of the U.S., contracts which are in a classified 
location, that portion of lntragovernmental contracts and directed procurements for foreign 
governments under the Foreign Military Sales Act entered into overseas, and contracts for the 
Civilian Healtn ana Meaicai Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS). 



d/ 



Net value of contracts over 510,000 for work in each State and the District of Columbia. 



e Civil Functions of the Army Corps of Engineers for flood control and rivers and harbors work. 

Civil Functions data are shown separately and are not included in military functions tabula- 
tions . 

Percentages may not add due to rounding. 

This pamphlet may be reproduced without permission. 

Issued Semiannually by 
Department of Defense 
Washington Headquarters Services 
Directorate for Information 
Operations and Reports 

Jane 6, 1980 



A-37 



WO. A-36 



FEDERAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE SYSTEM 

COMPARISON OF FEDERAL FUNDS BY STATES WITH STATE RANKINGS OF SELECTED 

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS 



NOTE Ties in percentages were broken bv referring to original values In 
mote cases where ties could not be broken, each tied state received the same 

rank ng 

Survey of Current Business. US Department of Commerce Page 31 (Na 'Statistical Abstract of the United States. 1978 

tional Per Capita Income. $7,836 ■ 100%) 
'Esumetes of the Population of States Julv 1. 1978. and 1979 (Advance 'Included in Maryland 

Report!. P25 — .868 Nov 1969 
'1978 Annual Report Commissioner of Internal Revenue Tables 1 and 5 "Includes the District of Columbia 

'Collections Minus Refundsl 

•Survey of Income and Education Spring 1976. U S Department of Commie. '™£" M ' ^V '• n<, "" V " fl ' n " Coun " M '" ,he w " h '"8'°". 0.C Md & V.. 

'Statistical Absirsct of the United Stales. 1978 lu S Average Expenditure 

P " Pupi1 ' * ,739 > "Excludes Counties in the Washington. D C . Md , 4 Va SMSA 



/ • 
/ * 
/ *> 

/ s $ 


h 

/ ** * 




\i 


/ S $ / ■ ? ~ 

/ * -» s< s i § * s ^ 


/ 


• 7 / -*/ * 


/ 

/ OS. 

/ **2 


/ r/. 


/ 


£ 


// 

ft 


Sme. 


Millions 


% 


Rank 


Dollars 


Rank 


• 


Rank 


% 


Renk 


S 


Renk 


% 


Rank 


% 


Rank 


% 


Rank' % 
-1 


Rank 




% 


Rank 


% 


Rank 


" 


Rank 


% 


Rank 


Toi»' 

Alabama 


7.419 


16 


22 


1.983 


31 


80.3 


48 


1 7 


22 


09 


28 


24 


15 


1.9 


19 


737 


45 


1 4 


23 


1.8 


21 


22 


15 


1.5 


22 


1.8 


19 


Ahwkl 


1.932 


4 


41 


4 794 


2 


1399 


1 


0.2 


51 


02 


45 


0.1 


51 


1 


51 


192 1 


1 


02 


51 


0.1 


51 


06 


38 


0.2 


49 


1 


51 


Ar.iona 


5.539 


1 2 


28 


2.353 


15 


94 1 


30 


11 


30 


0.6 


31 


1.3 


21 


1 3 


28 


82.6 


35 


11 


30 


1.0 


31 


1.3 


24 


1.7 


30 


08 


35 


A'kanaat 


3.9S8 


8 


34 


1.811 


43 


761 


50 


1,0 


33 


04 


34 


1.6 


22 


16 


23 


686 


49 


09 


32 


08 


33 


07 


37 


09 


32 


1.0 


32 


Ca"«orn.a 


52 534 


11 2 


1 


2.356 


14 


1139 


4 


10.3 


1 


104 


2 


90 


1 


94 


1 


96.3 


21 


11.2 


1 


102 


1 


108 


2 


11.1 


1 


82 


2 


Colorado 


6.2" 


1 3 


26 


2.326 


16 


103 4 


15 


1.3 


28 


15 


21 


1.0 


30 


13 


27 


94.8 


22 


1 2 


28 


1 5 


25 


1.8 


19 


1.4 


25 


1.1 


31 


Connecticut 


8.268 


18 


19 


2.668 


7 


1137 


5 


1.4 


24 


22 


13 


0,9 


33 


10 


34 


110 1 


17 


1 6 


21 


17 


22 


08 


35 


1.4 


24 


14 


23 


Delaware 


1.029 


.2 


49 


1.765 


44 


1089 


9 


0.3 


48 


04 


33 


0.2 


49 


02 


49 


1229 


5 


03 


46 


0.3 


47 


02 


50 


0.3 


47 


03 


45 


D<si of Columbia 


1S.435 


33 


e 


22.901 


1 


126 6 


2 


0.3 


47 


' 


— 


0.4 


40 


03 


44 


1362 


3 


03 


42 


03 


49 


•122 


1 


03 


47 


07 


36 


Florida 


19.648 


4.2 


6 


2.286 


17 


966 


27 


4.0 


8 


27 


10 


51 


4 


55 


4 


91 7 


23 


4 4 


7 


4 4 


7 


29 


8 


4.3 


8 


39 


7 


Georgia 


9.727 


21 


17 


1.913 


34 


86 6 


38 


23 


14 


1.6 


18 


37 


8 


32 


11 


68 4 


50 


21 


14 


2.5 


12 


2 8 


10 


2.2 


14 


2.2 


15 


Hawe« 


2.659 


e 


39 


2.965 


4 


1077 


12 


0.4 


40 


0.3 


41 


0.3 


44 


0.3 


43 


112.9 


13 


0.3 


45 


0.4 


43 


09 


33 


05 


40 


0.3 


46 


Idaho 


1,838 


.4 


A3 


2,093 


24 


89 5 


34 


04 


41 


03 


40 


0.4 


42 


04 


41 


69.4 


48 


04 


41 


4 


41 


04 


43 


0.4 


42 


03 


47 


IN.noiS 


20.785 


44 


5 


1,849 


40 


113.6 


6 


51 


5 


81 


3 


4.8 


5 


4.4 


6 


118.3 


9 


52 


5 


SO 


6 


3.8 


6 


5 4 


4 


54 


5 


<nd>ana 


7.934 


1.7 


20 


1,476 


50 


983 


25 


25 


12 


22 


15 


1.8 


20 


1.7 


20 


833 


34 


2 4 


11 


2.4 


14 


1.4 


22 


25 


11 


25 


12 


Iowa 


4.650 


10 


33 


1.606 


47 


102.1 


17 


1.3 


26 


0.9 


27 


0.9 


31 


1.1 


31 


115.1 


11 


12 


27 


1 4 


26 


0.7 


36 


1 4 


26 


1.5 


22 


Kansas 


4.731 


1.0 


32 


2.015 


30 


1006 


20 


11 


32 


08 


29 


0.7 


35 


08 


35 


967 


20 


1.0 


31 


1.1 


30 


08 


34 


1.1 


31 


1.3 


25 


Kentucky 


6604 


1 4 


25 


1888 


38 


84.3 


40 


1.6 


23 


1.2 


25 


2.5 


14 


2.6 


14 


74 4 


44 


1.4 


24 


1.5 


23 


1.3 


25 


1.5 


23 


1.3 


24 


Louisiana 


7.500 


1.6 


21 


1.891 


37 


85 7 


37 


1,8 


20 


1.2 


23 


3.0 


11 


32 


9 


85.2 


31 


1 5 


22 


15 


24 


1.2 


26 


1.7 


21 


1.8 


20 


Mame 


2263 


5 


40 


2.074 


26 


80 3 


47 


05 


38 


0.2 


44 


0.5 


37 


OS 


38 


875 


29 


05 


37 


0.5 


39 


03 


46 


06 


38 


0.5 


37 


Maryland 


11.649 


25 


14 


2.812 


6 


1067 


13 


1.9 


18 


•29 


9 


1.3 


27 


1.1 


29 


120.8 


7 


2 1 


15 


1.9 


18 


"23 


14 


2.0 


17 


1.8 


21 


Massachusens 


13.711 


2.9 


11 


2.375 


13 


101 1 


18 


26 


10 


2.5 


12 


1.7 


21 


IS 


26 


122.9 


6 


2.9 


10 


27 


11 


2 1 


17 


26 


10 


3.4 


9 


Michigan 


14.328 


3.1 


10 


1,559 


48 


1063 


11 


4.2 


7 


55 


7 


34 


9 


3.8 


8 


113.6 


12 


4.0 


8 


4.4 


8 


20 


18 


44 


7 


37 


8 


Minnesota 


7.314 


16 


23 


1,825 


42 


100 9 


19 


1.8 


19 


2.2 


14 


14 


25 


16 


21 


112.8 


1* 


1.8 


19 


1.8 


20 


1 1 


28 


1.9 


19 


2.2 


17 


Mississippi 


5.036 


1 l 


30 


2,095 


23 


706 


51 


1.1 


31 


04 


35 


25 


13 


28 


13 


702 


46 


0.8 


33 


0.9 


32 


0.9 


32 


09 


33 


1.2 


28 


Mtssoun 


11.923 


25 


13 


2453 


10 


933 


32 


22 


15 


2.6 


11 


24 


17 


20 


18 


81 9 


36 


24 


12 


20 


16 


24 


12 


22 


14 


2.5 


11 


Montana 


1.754 


4 


44 


2.234 


20 


86 2 


36 


04 


43 


02 


46 


0.4 


41 


4 


40 


1096 


18 


03 


43 


04 


42 


OS 


42 


04 


43 


04 


42 


Nebraska 


3.311 


7 


37 


2.115 


22 


1002 


22 


07 


35 


0.6 


32 


0.6 


36 


0.8 


36 


878 


27 


07 


35 


07 


34 


0.6 


40 


07 


35 


8 


34 


Nevada 


1.673 


.4 


45 


2.535 


9 


120 5 


3 


03 


44 


03 


39 


02 


48 


0.2 


46 


87.8 


27 


0.3 


44 


04 


44 


03 


46 


04 


41 


0.2 


48 


New Hampshire 


1.667 


4 


46 


1.914 


33 


93 8 


31 


04 


42 


03 


42 


0.3 


46 


03 


45 


78.6 


39 


04 


40 


04 


40 


05 


41 


05 


39 


04 


43 


New Jersey 


12.629 


27 


12 


1.724 


45 


1120 


7 


33 


9 


4.0 


8 


2.4 


16 


2.2 


15 


1342 


4 


3' 


9 


35 


9 


25 


11 


3 4 


9 


32 


10 


New Memco 


3.894 


8 


35 


3.213 


3 


839 


42 


0.6 


37 


02 


43 


0.9 


32 


1.1 


30 


849 


32 


05 


39 


05 


37 


1.0 


29 


06 


37 


0.5 


39 


New York 


37 112 


79 


2 


2.091 


25 


105 


14 


80 


2 


11.7 


1 


70 


3 


62 


3 


145 3 


2 


85 


2 


59 


4 


6 1 


3 


69 


2 


99 


1 


Nonn Carolina 


9.03b 


1.9 


18 


1.620 


46 


83 9 


41 


25 


11 


20 


17 


33 


10 


3.2 


10 


77.2 


42 


2.1 


16 


28 


10 


1 5 


21 


23 


12 


2 4 


13 


North Dakota 


1.580 


.3 


47 


2.423 


11 


91.6 


43 


0.3 


46 


02 


47 


03 


45 


0.3 


42 


87.3 


30 


0.2 


49 


03 


46 


03 


48 


0.3 


5 


04 


40 


Ohio 


16576 


35 


7 


1.542 


49 


1002 


21 


49 


6 


57 


5 


42 


7 


4 1 


7 


909 


24 


60 


6 


56 


5 


3.4 


7 


4.9 


6 


48 


6 


Oklahoma 


5.892 


1.3 


27 


2.046 


28 


91 1 


33 


1.3 


27 


1.2 


24 


15 


25 


1.5 


25 


840 


33 


1.4 


25 


14 


27 


17 


20 


13 


28 


1.2 


26 


Oregon 


4828 


1.0 


31 


1.976 


32 


1033 


16 


1 1 


29 


1 


26 


09 


34 


1.0 


32 


1109 


16 


1.3 


26 


12 


29 


1.0 


30 


1 3 


27 


09 


33 


Pennsylvania 


22 351 


48 


4 


1.902 


36 


985 


24 


53 


4 


5.6 


6 


47 


6 


4.4 


5 


119.6 


8 


S.9 


3 


59 


3 


4.6 


5 


51 


5 


6 4 


3 


Rhode island 


1.927 


4 


42 


2.061 


27 


954 


29 


04 


39 


04 


37 


03 


43 


02 


47 


105 8 


19 


05 


36 


05 


38 


0.3 


45 


04 


4' 


05 


38 


South Carolina 


5.378 


1 1 


29 


1.843 


41 


80.2 


49 


1.3 


25 


0.6 


30 


20 


19 


2 1 


16 


77 .1 


43 


1 1 


29 


1.3 


28 


1.2 


27 


1.2 


29 


1.2 


26 


South Dakota 


1.549 


.3 


48 


2.245 


19 


87 6 


35 


0.3 


45 


01 


48 


04 


39 


04 


39 


79.6 


37 


03 


47 


0.3 


45 


04 


44 


03 


45 


4 


40 


Tennessee 


10.418 


22 


15 


2.391 


12 


836 


46 


20 


17 


1.2 


17 


2 8 


12 


2.8 


12 


695 


47 


1.8 


20 


21 


15 


23 


13 


19 


18 


22 


15 


Texas 


26.232 


5.6 


3 


2.016 


29 


986 


23 


6.1 


3 


6.4 


4 


7.8 


2 


8.0 


2 


77.7 


41 


55 


4 


6.3 


2 


5,5 


4 


63 


3 


56 


4 


Utah 


2.849 


6 


38 


2.180 


21 


838 


45 


06 


36 


03 


38 


04 


38 


05 


37 


78 4 


40 


05 


38 


OS 


36 


1.3 


23 


06 


36 


04 


43 


Vermont 


918 


2 


51 


1.885 


39 


838 


44 


03 


49 


1 


50 


0.3 


47 


0.2 


48 


89 1 


26 


02 


48 


03 


48 


0.2 


61 


02 


so 


0.2 


49 


Virginia 


15.079 


32 


9 


2.929 


5 


979 


26 


2 4 


13 


16 


19 


21 


13 


21 


17 


897 


25 


22 


13 


2 4 


13 


'•2 9 


9 


23 


13 


2 3 


14 


Washington 


9.920 


2 1 


16 


2.629 


8 


1084 


10 


1.8 


21 


1.6 


20 


1.1 


29 


1.6 


24 


1122 


15 


20 


17 


1 9 


19 


22 


16 


19 


20 


1.2 


29 


West Virginia 


3545 


8 


36 


1.906 


35 


845 


39 


0.9 


34 


04 


36 


1.2 


28 


1.0 


33 


79 


38 


08 


34 


0.7 


35 


06 


39 


08 


34 


1 1 


30 


Wisconsin 


6.835 


16 


24 


1.461 


51 


961 


28 


2.1 


16 


20 


16 


15 


24 


16 


22 


NA 


NA 


20 


18 


19 


17 


10 


30 


21 


16 


2.1 


18 


Wyoming 


954 


2 


50 


2.249 


18 


1102 


8 


03 


50 


1 


49 


1 


50 


0.2 


50 


115.4 


10 


02 


SO 


03 


SO 


02 


49 


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